Digital television in Canada


Digital television in Canada

Digital television in Canada (more specifically, digital terrestrial television in Canada or digital over-the-air television (OTA) in Canada) is transmitted using the ATSC standards developed for and in use in the United States. Because Canada and the U.S. use the same standard and frequencies for channels, people near the Canada – United States border can watch digital television programming from television stations in either country where available. The ATSC standards are also used in Mexico, parts of Central America, and South Korea.

Jurisdiction over over-the-air broadcasting in Canada is primarily regulated by Industry Canada and the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC). Industry Canada has jurisdiction over the allotment of over-the-air spectrum and the CRTC has jurisdiction over the allotment of licences broadcast.

The CRTC has imposed in 28 mandatory markets, a digital transition deadline of August 31, 2011, with the exception of some CBC transmitters given a temporary one year extension to remain in analog.

In anticipation of the transition, Industry Canada has already stopped issuing licenses within Canada for new television transmitters broadcasting in analog.

Contents

History

The digital television transition in Canada and the United States will result in spectrum on channels 52 to 69 being re-allocated for other purposes. The United States government already auctioned most of this spectrum and Canada is planning on doing the same. The United States government, using some proceeds of the spectrum action, funded an education campaign in advance of the transition, provided subsidies to many broadcasters in support of transitioning to digital, and provided subsidies to consumers for digital to analog converter boxes. In contrast, the Canadian government has no plans to provide any similar funding in support of the digital television transition. The Canadian government's most visible efforts to support the public in the transition to digital over-the-air television has been in the form of a website entitled Canada's Transition to Digital Television (DTV).

Engineering firm Spectrum Expert Inc. estimated a total cost to Canadian broadcasters of $378-425 million dollars to convert all 738 Canadian full-power television transmitters to DTV on their newly-assigned channels; if the 1238 low-power transmitters were converted, costs would increase further.[1] Some of the highest costs were for existing full-power VHF rebroadcast transmitters that would have to be replaced by new UHF facilities in locations far from broadcast studios. As a worst case, CTV-owned CJOH-TV-6 and CJOH-TV-8 were estimated at a conversion cost of over four million dollars each. While CTV had threatened to shut down a long list of these full-power rebroadcasters on August 31, 2009, as of 2011 the transmitters are still on the air.

Several broadcasters, including the CBC, have argued that there is no viable business case for a comprehensive digital conversion strategy in Canada. Converting a transmitter to digital has up front capital equipment costs in the hundreds of thousands of dollars, which can in more extreme cases reach over a million dollars, though some cost recovery in energy costs is possible due to lower transmission power required to cover an area as compared to analog, if the same channel is used. At CRTC hearings in 2007 on the future direction of regulatory policy for television, broadcasters proposed a number of strategies, including funding digital conversion by eliminating restrictions on the amount of advertising that television broadcasters are permitted to air, allowing terrestrial broadcasters to charge cable viewers a subscription fee (retransmission consent) similar to that already charged by cable specialty channels, permitting licence fees similar to those that fund the BBC in the United Kingdom, or eliminating terrestrial television broadcasting entirely and moving to an exclusively cable-based distribution model.

The CRTC ultimately decided to relax restrictions on advertising, gradually removing all limits to the number of advertisements per hour of broadcast programming, as the funding mechanism. However, a CRTC statement issued in June 2008 indicated that as of that date, only 22 digital transmitters had been fully installed across the entire country,[2][3] and expressed the regulator's concern that Canada's television broadcasters were not adequately preparing for the shift to digital broadcasting.

The US financial crisis and subsequent 2008 recession adverserly impacted advertising sales, the primary source of revenue for most broadcasters. Inadequate revenue in combination with debt incurred from purchasing other media companies caused Canwest, owner of the Global Television Network, to file for bankruptcy protection and to be subsequently purchased by Shaw Communications. Some Global Television Network and CTV stations in smaller markets were closed or sold. Seeking further sources of revenue, the television broadcasters including CTV launched an aggressive and somewhat successful campaign to re-open debate for introducing value for signal from cable and satellite television providers) debate in 2009.

On August 6, 2010, CBC/Radio-Canada announced in a press release that only its existing digital stations, along with both Alberta CBC Television originating stations plus all Télévision de Radio-Canada (SRC) originating stations in Quebec City and Moncton, would be DTV-ready in time for the August 2011 deadline. The remaining CBC/SRC originating O&O's were to be converted a year later in August 2012, subject to CRTC approval.[4] In December 2010, CBC/Radio-Canada updated the information on its website to state that its was striving to convert originating O&O by August 31, 2011. CBC has stated that it does not intend on transitioning any of its full-power repeaters to digital, despite in some cases being in markets (such as Kitchener, London and Saskatoon) required to convert by August 31, 2011. While many CBC affiliate stations are in small one-station markets not required to digitise, Corus Entertainment intends to voluntarily upgrade CHEX-TV's main Peterborough signal to HDTV at the end of 2011 and Rivière-du-Loup "triple-stick" affiliate Télé Inter-Rives (Radio-Canada/TVA/V) is working to comply with its mandatory 2011 digital deadline.

In many instances, stations transitioning to digital will continue utilizing the same channel, antenna or other facilities for their new digital transmitters after the end of transition. To save costs, with the exception of some stations in the largest markets, stations are choosing to flash cut from analog to digital at the transition deadline rather than spending on the infrastructure and energy costs needed to broadcast the station in analog and digital at the same time. In some cases, stations like CHEX-TV 12 Peterborough (which is in a one-station market, not required to convert) have planned upgrades in such a manner as to provide an HDTV signal to cable subscribers well before the 2011 transition while delaying the start of over-the-air DTV broadcasts in order to re-use an existing analogue channel in 2011.

The CRTC has expressed concern that "if all broadcasters wait until the last moment to proceed to the transition, there could be a shortage of professional engineers and competent technicians capable of assuming the development of new plans and the installation of new systems and structures".[5]

There are no requirements for new televisions sold in Canada to include digital tuners (as they must in the US market), nor are there any labelling requirements for analogue-only receivers; some new televisions may be unable to tune a digital signal without an external ATSC tuner. As of 2010, an estimated 900000 Canadians currently relying on antennas stand to lose all OTA TV reception in 2011, as they are not ready for the digital transition. While a new HDTV receiver connected to a terrestrial television antenna will receive OTA digital television, Canadian regulations do not require cable television operators to carry these free local HDTV signals in unencrypted digital format on their systems.

Deployment

CITY-TV was the first Canadian station to provide digital terrestrial service, first broadcasting in January 2003, and going full-time in March 2003. The first HD broadcast in Canada was CBC Sports' coverage of the Heritage Classic, an outdoor NHL game. CBC ultimately launched a high definition feed of their eastern flagship CBLT in 2005, later launching feeds in Vancouver, Ottawa, and Montreal. As of 2008, other digital stations on-air include the CBC and Radio-Canada stations in Toronto and Montreal, as well as CTV's CFTO and CIVT, and Quebecor Media's independent station CKXT.

The first Canadian broadcaster to have delivered a digital-only terrestrial TV signal of any type, CKXT-TV (in Ottawa and London), signed on its pair of digital-only transmitters in 2008. These are both rebroadcasters of the same Toronto station with no local programme origination; the main Toronto station continues to transmit in both analogue and digital format. The first stations to complete the digital transition (on their main signals) are Trois-Rivières, Quebec's CFKM-DT, followed by CISA-DT in Lethbridge, Alberta.

Although as of July 2011 digital television broadcasts have commenced in just 11 of Canada's largest markets, most — although not all — Canadian television stations have digital channel assignments pre-allocated. This does not signify that the stations have applied for nor that they have received broadcasting permits for these channels. In some cases, allocated channels are listed to Canada-US border communities with frequencies that overlap proposed US emergency services;[6] affected stations can be expected to require either new allocations or a flash-cut on an existing analogue channel.[7][8]

Broadcasting digital terrestrial signals instead of in analog offers numerous advantages to the viewer, such as the following: support for high definition (HD) picture, support for 5 speaker surround sound, support for information on the current and the next few programs shown the channel, support for sub-channels, and support for mobile devices (i.e. ATSC-M/H). Canadian broadcasters have implemented many of the listed features to varying extents, though unlike in US, there are no known broadcasters in Canada using sub-channels to show multiple stations on the same channel nor are there any transmitters broadcasting TV signals intended for mobile devices.

Mandatory Markets for Over-Air Transition to Digital

The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) initially decided not to enforce a single date for ending analog broadcasts, opting to let market forces decide when the switchover will occur.[9] It subsequently reversed its position, on May 17, 2007,[10] setting an analogue shutoff date of August 31, 2011,[11] just over two years after the American transition date of June 12, 2009. Note that the transition deadline only concerns over-the-air signals and does not impact other televisions reception methods in Canada such as over the internet (already digital), cable (some analog, some digital), or satellite (already digital).

On July 6, 2009, the CRTC issued a decision[12] that limited the required digital conversion to mandatory markets meeting any of the following criteria:

  • the National Capital Region, provincial capitals, and territorial capitals
  • markets served by multiple originating stations (including CBC stations)
  • markets with populations greater than 300,000.

On March 14, 2011, the CRTC removed territorial capitals as mandatory markets on the basis that these are small and remote markets, and that only 1 of the 6 transmitters in these markets were planned to be converted to digital, while the remainder of the transmitters would be shut down rather than converted.[13]

Mandatory markets with a transmitter that does not transition to digital by the deadline will lose the over-the-air signal for the corresponding station permanently or until a digital transmitter is brought on-the-air for that station in that area.

On March 18, 2011, the CRTC mandated a requirement that television stations must broadcast public service announcements regarding the digital over-the-air television transition from May 1, 2011 until August 31, 2011.[14] Stations must broadcast these ads 6 times a day, and increase this to 8 times a day starting August 1, 2011 or one month before the digital transition date for that station, whichever is sooner. Also by May 1, 2011, broadcasters must post on their websites about the broadcasters' specific plans for digital transition.

On August 18, 2011, the CRTC issued a decision that allows CBC's mandatory market rebroadcasting transmitters in analog remain on-air until August 31, 2012.[15] Before that deadline, CBC's license renewal process will take place and CBC's digital transition plans will be examined as part of that process. The requirement remains for any of corporation's full power transmitters occupying channels 52 to 69 to either relocate to channels 2 to 51 or become low power transmitters. In some cases, CBC has opted reduce the power of existing transmitters to low power transmitters, which will result in signal loss for some viewers.

List of Mandatory Markets (as of March 14, 2011)

Province Mandatory Markets Notes
AB Calgary, Edmonton, Lethbridge, Lloydminster
BC Vancouver, Victoria
MB Winnipeg
NB Saint John, Moncton, Fredericton
NL St. John's
NS Halifax
PE Charlottetown
ON Barrie, Hamilton, Kitchener, London, Ottawa-Gatineau, Thunder Bay, Toronto, Windsor Barrie and Hamilton are included in the Toronto market since their stations compete in the Toronto market
QC Montreal, Quebec City, Rivière-du-Loup, Rouyn-Noranda/Val-d'Or, Saguenay, Sherbrooke, Trois-Rivières
SK Regina, Saskatoon

In addition, full-power transmitters occupying channels 52 to 69 in non-mandatory markets are required to vacate those channels by August 31, 2011 and are permitted to move to another channel in analog or digital, as part of a spectrum re-allocation.[16] There are 17 of such transmitters across Canada:

  • 5 transmitters (3 TVO, 1 CTV, 1 CBC-affiliate) are being transitioned to digital as part of the change in channel.
  • 8 transmitters, all owned by CBC, are to remain in analogue, but either on a different channel or at reduced transmission power to re-classify as a low power transmitter.
  • 4 transmitters will go dark (1 Miracle Channel, 1 Global, 1 CBC, 1 SRC), though in the case of the Global transmitter, signal will be maintained by another transmitter that will have its signal range expanded.

Plans of major networks to transition to digital

Note that the list below does not take into account plans of network affiliate stations.

Network Language All transmitters in mandatory markets planned to go digital by August 31, 2011 deadline DTV URL Notes
CBC / SRC English / French No Link Converted only the digital transmitter in the home market of each originating station (i.e. location where each station is physically located), representing 25 transmitters in mandatory markets and 2 transmitters (Yellowknife, NT and Rimouski, QC) in non-mandatory markets. CBC/SRC initially announced a long list of transmitter closures, so as not to convert any of its rebroadcasters in mandatory markets to digital. There are 23 rebroadcasting transmitters (11 CBC and 12 SRC) operated by CBC in 18 mandatory markets. CBC/SRC rebroadcasters have been temporarily allowed to continue in analogue (but, in several markets, at greatly reduced signal powers). CBC/R-C has obtained a one-year extension (to August 31, 2012) to convert in some markets such as London, Ontario which are mandatory but which lack a CBC originating station.[17] No proposals have been made for digital subchannels (in theory, a possible means to provide SRC in communities where CBC has converted, or vice-versa, as a subchannel on the same digital transmitter).
Citytv English Yes Link
CTV / CTV Two English Yes (except CTV Two Alberta, formerly Access) Link CTV states that it is "not in a position to invest in Access’ digital transition at this time, nor is such an investment required given Access’ licence status as a satellite-to-cable undertaking."[18] Access' transmitters are in Calgary and Edmonton.
Global English Yes Link Plans on converting all transmitters in non-mandatory markets to digital by 2016.
Omni English / Multi-language Yes Link
TVO English Yes Link Flash cut to digital on August 16 and August 18, 2011,[19] providing HDTV in major markets on existing channels. Also transitioned its three full power analogue transmitters outside mandatory markets which formerly broadcast within out-of-core channel range UHF 52 to 69 (moving them to lower, digital channels but with no HDTV and no PSIP on-screen guide or ID). TVO's analogue and digital transmitter network is only located within Ontario, with the exception of one transmitter for Ottawa (digital UHF 24) based on Ryan Tower. Camp Fortune, Quebec.
TVA French Yes Link
Télé-Québec French Yes Link Intends on converting all transmitters to digital including within non-mandatory markets by early September 2011. Transmitter network only located within Quebec.
V French Yes Website has no apparent webpage or website for DTV, instead linking to Canadian Government website with information that is not up to date regarding this network.

Status of Digital Television Transition

Note: Market is where the transmitters are identified as being located, not where the signals can be received. Some transmitters may broadcast at sufficient power to be picked up in other nearby markets.

Province Market Mandatory Market Transmitter Status Notes
AB Burmis No CJIL-TV-2 (Ind) Shut Down
Full power analog station occupying channel within 52 to 69 range.
AB Calgary Yes

CBRFT (SRC)
CBRT-DT (CBC)
CFCN-DT (CTV)
CIAN-TV (CTV Two)
CICT-DT (Global)
CJCO-DT (Omni)
CKAL-DT (Citytv)
CKCS-DT (CTS)

Not planned to go digital
On-Air
On-Air
Shut Down
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air

CTV owns Access. The station is now only available through cable or satellite.
AB Edmonton Yes

CBXFT-DT (SRC)
CBXT-DT (CBC)
CFRN-DT (CTV)
CITV-DT (Global)
CJAL-TV (CTV Two)
CJEO-DT (Omni)
CKEM-DT (Citytv)
CKES-DT (CTS)

On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
Shut Down
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air

CTV owns Access. The station is now only available through cable or satellite.
AB Forestburg No CBXT-12 (CBC) Reduced Analog Power
Full power analog station occupying channel within 52 to 69 range. To stay on the same channel in analog at reduced transmission power, becoming a low power transmitter.
AB Lethbridge Yes

CBRT-6 (CBC)
CBXFT-3 (SRC)
CFCN-DT-5 (CTV)
CISA-DT (Global)
CJIL-DT (Ind)
CKAL-DT-1 (Citytv)

Not planned to go digital
Not planned to go digital
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air

AB Lloydminster Yes

CITL-DT (CTV)
CKSA-DT (CBC)

On-Air
On-Air

On August 31, 2011, CITL-TV shut down its analog re-transmitters in Bonnyville, AB; Wainwright, AB; and Provost, AB. At the same time, CKSA is shutting down its analog transmitters in Wainwright, AB and Provost, AB. There is no regulatory requirement for those transmitters to shut down or to convert to digital.
BC Spillimacheen No CBUBT-6 (CBC) Shut Down
Full power analog station occupying channel within 52 to 69 range.
BC Vancouver Yes

CBUFT-DT (SRC)
CBUT-DT (CBC)
CHAN-DT (Global)
CKVU-DT (Citytv)
CHNM-DT (Omni)
CHNU-DT (Joytv)
CIVI-DT-2 (CTV Two)
CIVT-DT (CTV)

On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air

CKVU-TV broadcasted in analog with one transmitter serving Vancouver and Victoria. This transmitter was replaced with two digital transmitters, one for Vancouver and one for Victoria.
BC Victoria Yes

CHEK-DT (Ind)
CHNM-DT-1 (Omni)
CHNU-DT (Joytv)
CIVI-DT (CTV Two)
CKVU-DT-2 (Citytv)

On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air

CKVU-TV broadcasted in analog with one transmitter serving Vancouver and Victoria. This transmitter was replaced with two digital transmitters, one for Vancouver and one for Victoria.
MB Winnipeg Yes

CBWFT (SRC)
CBWT (CBC)
CHMI-DT (Citytv)
CIIT-DT (Joytv)
CKND-DT (Global)
CKY-DT (CTV)

Transmitter approved by CRTC
Transmitter approved by CRTC
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air

CBWFT's and CBWT's conversion to digital has been delayed due to the antenna tower needing to be reinforced.[20]

NB Fredericton Yes

CBAFT-10 (SRC)
CBAT-DT (CBC)
CIHF-DT-1 (Global)

Not planned to go digital
On-Air
On-Air

Prior to August 31, 2011, the analog transmitter CBAT-TV covered both Saint John and Fredericton. The CBC has received permission to change CBAT's city of license to Fredericton and to add a digital transmitter to serve only Fredericton. The CBC has also received permission to the existing analog transmitter, but at a lower power to serve Saint John.

NB Moncton Yes

CBAFT-DT (SRC)
CBAT-TV-2 (CBC)
CIHF-DT-3 (Global)
CKCW-DT (CTV)

On-Air
Not planned to go digital
On-Air
On-Air

NB Saint John Yes

CBAFT-1 (SRC)
CBAT-TV (CBC)
CIHF-DT-2 (Global)
CKLT-DT (CTV)

Not planned to go digital
Not planned to go digital
On-Air
On-Air

Prior to August 31, 2011, the analog transmitter CBAT-TV covered both Saint John and Fredericton. The CBC has received permission to change CBAT's city of license to Fredericton and to add a digital transmitter to serve only Fredericton. The CBC has also received permission to the existing analog transmitter, but at a lower power to serve Saint John.

NL St. John's Yes

CBFJ-TV (SRC)
CBNT-DT (CBC)
CJON-DT (Ind)

Not planned to go digital
On-Air
On-Air

NS Digby No CBHFT-6 (SRC)

CBHT-7 (CBC)

Reduced Analog Power

Reduced Analog Power

Full power analog stations occupying channel within 52 to 69 range. Both to stay on their same channels in analog at reduced transmission power, becoming a low power transmitters.
NS Halifax Yes

CBHFT (SRC)
CBHT-DT (CBC)
CIHF-DT (Global)
CJCH-DT (CTV)

Not planned to go digital
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air

NS Truro No CBHT-8 (CBC) Reduced Analog Power
Full power analog station occupying channel within 52 to 69 range. To stay on the same channel in analog at reduced transmission power, becoming a low power transmitter.
ON Barrie Yes

CBLFT-11 (SRC)
CBLT-TV-1 (CBC)
CHCH-DT-3 (Ind)
CIII-DT-7 (Global)
CKVR-DT (CTV Two)

Shut Down
Shut Down
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air

ON Belleville No CICO-DT-26 (TVO) On-Air
Full power analog station occupying channel within 52 to 69 range. Broadcasting in digital on a channel lower than 52.
ON Brighton No CKWS-DT-1 (CBC) On-Air
Full power analog station occupying channel within 52 to 69 range. Broadcasting in digital on a channel lower than 52.
ON Chatham No CBLN-TV-3 (CBC)
CICO-DT-59 (TVO)
Changed Analog Channel

On-Air

Full power analog stations occupying channel within 52 to 69 range.
CBC applied to the CRTC to broadcast within the 52 to 69 range, but at low power. TVO approved to broadcast in digital on a channel lower than 52.
ON Cloyne No CICO-DT-92 (TVO) On-Air
Full power analog station occupying channel within 52 to 69 range. Broadcasting in digital on a channel lower than 52.
ON Fort Erie No CIII-TV-55 (Global) Shut down
Full power analog station occupying channel within 52 to 69 range.

Station's Toronto transmitter will provide digital signal to area covered by this transmitter.

ON Foymount No CBOT-1 (CBC) Changed Analog Channel
Full power analog station occupying channel within 52 to 69 range. Staying in analog, on a channel below channel 52.
ON Hamilton Yes

CHCH-DT (Ind)
CITS-DT (CTS)
CKXT-DT-1 (Ind)

On-Air
On-Air
Shut Down

Quebecor, owner of CKXT-DT, converted the station to a specialty news channel on April 18, 2011. In July 2011, Quebecor was challenged by the CRTC about the station being both over-the-air and as a specialty channel, prompting Quebecor respond later that month, that it would relinquish its over-the-air license effective October 31, 2011.[21]

ON Kitchener Yes

CBLFT-8 (SRC)
CBLN-TV-1 (CBC)
CICO-DT-28 (TVO)
CIII-DT (Global)
CKCO-DT (CTV)

Reduced Analog Power
Changed Analog Channel
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air

ON London Yes

CBLFT-9 (SRC)
CBLN-TV (CBC)
CFMT-DT-1 (Omni)
CFPL-DT (CTV Two)
CHCH-DT-2 (Ind)
CICO-DT-18 (TVO)
CITS-DT-2 (CTS)
CITY-DT-2 (Citytv)
CJMT-DT-1 (Omni)
CKXT-DT-2 (Ind)

Reduced Analog Power
Changed Analog Channel
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
Shut Down

CKXT was digital-only in London and Ottawa at the time of original construction (2008). Quebecor, owner of CKXT-DT, converted the station to a specialty news channel on April 18, 2011. In July 2011, Quebecor was challenged by the CRTC about the station being both over-the-air and as a specialty channel, prompting Quebecor respond later that month, that it would relinquish its over-the-air license effective October 31, 2011.[22]

ON
QC
Ottawa
Gatineau
Yes

CBOFT-DT (SRC)
CBOT-DT (CBC)
CFGS-TV (V)
CFMT-DT-2 (Omni)
CHCH-DT-1 (Ind)
CHOT-DT (TVA)
CHRO-DT-43 (CTV Two)
CICO-DT-24 (TVO)
CIII-DT-6 (Global)
CITS-DT-1 (CTS)
CITY-DT-3 (Citytv)
CIVO-DT (TQc)
CJMT-DT-2 (Omni)
CJOH-DT (CTV)
CKXT-DT-3 (Ind)

On-Air
On-Air
Transmitter approved by CRTC
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
Shut down

CFGS has received an extension until November 30, 2011.

CKXT was digital-only in London and Ottawa at the time of original construction (2008). Quebecor, owner of CKXT-DT, converted the station to a specialty news channel on April 18, 2011. In July 2011, Quebecor was challenged by the CRTC about the station being both over-the-air and as a specialty channel, prompting Quebecor respond later that month, that it would relinquish its over-the-air license effective October 31, 2011.[23] The station's Ottawa transmitter was shut down on August 31, 2011, as it was allocated a post-transitional channel that would have required different antenna.

ON Peterborough No CFTO-DT-54 (CTV) On-Air
Full power analog station occupying channel within 52 to 69 range. Broadcasting in digital on a channel lower than 52.
ON Sarnia No CBLFT-17 (SRC) Changed Analog Channel
Full power analog station occupying channel within 52 to 69 range. Staying in analog, on a channel below channel 52.
ON Thunder Bay Yes

CBLFT-18 (SRC)
CHFD-DT (Global)
CICO-DT-9 (TVO)
CKPR-DT (CBC)

Not planned to go digital
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air

ON Toronto Yes

CBLFT-DT (SRC)
CBLT-DT (CBC)
CFMT-DT (Omni)
CFTO-DT (CTV)
CICA-DT (TVO)
CIII-DT-41 (Global)
CITY-DT (Citytv)
CJMT-DT (Omni)
CKXT-DT (Ind)

On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
Shut Down

Quebecor, owner of CKXT-DT, converted the station to a specialty news channel on April 18, 2011. In July 2011, Quebecor was challenged by the CRTC about the station being both over-the-air and as a specialty channel, prompting Quebecor respond later that month, that it would relinquish its over-the-air license effective October 31, 2011.[24]

ON Windsor Yes

CBEFT (SRC)
CBET-DT (CBC)
CHWI-DT (CTV Two)
CHWI-DT-60 (CTV Two)
CICO-DT-32 (TVO)
CIII-DT-22 (Global)

Changed analog channel
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air

PE Charlottetown Yes

CBAFT-5 (SRC)
CBCT-DT (CBC)
CIHF-DT-14 (Global)
CKCW-DT-1 (CTV)

Not planned to go digital
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air

QC Lac-Etchemin No CBVT-4 (SRC) Reduced Analog Power
Full power analog station occupying channel within 52 to 69 range. To stay on the same channel in analog at reduced transmission power, becoming a low power transmitter.
QC Montreal Yes

CBFT-DT (SRC)
CBMT-DT (CBC)
CFCF-DT (CTV)
CFJP-DT (V)
CFTM-DT (TVA)
CFTU-TV (Ind)
CIVM-DT (TQc)
CJNT-DT (Ind)
CKMI-DT-1 (Global)

On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
Transmitter approved by CRTC
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air

QC Quebec City Yes

CBVE-TV (CBC)
CBVT-DT (SRC)
CFAP-DT (V)
CFCM-DT (TVA)
CIVQ-DT (TQc)
CKMI-DT (Global)

Not planned to go digital
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air

QC Rimouski No

CJBR-DT (SRC)

On-Air

Rimouski is not a mandatory market. CJBR was not required to convert to digital or change its transmitter in any way by August 31, 2011.
QC Rivière-du-Loup Yes

CFTF-DT (V)
CIMT-DT (TVA)
CKRT-DT (SRC)

On-Air
On-Air
On-Air

Analog re-transmitters of CFTF-TV, CIMT-TV, CKRT-TV are all planned to be converted to digital by September 2011. Affected markets in Quebec include Baie-Comeau, Baie-St-Paul, Carleton-sur-Mer, Dégelis, Cabano, Forestville, Gaspé, Les Escoumins, St-Urbain, Sept-Iles, Rimouski, Trois-Pistoles. Affected markets in New Brunswick include Edmundston. Not all three stations are necessarily in the same markets. There is no regulatory requirement for those transmitters to shut down or convert to digital.
QC Rouyn-Noranda / Val-d'Or Yes

CFEM-DT (TVA)
CFEM-DT-1 (TVA)
CFVS-DT (V)
CFVS-DT-1 (V)
CIVA-DT (TQc)
CIVA-DT-1 (TQc)
CJDG-DT (SRC)
CKRN-DT (SRC)

On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air

QC Saguenay Yes

CBJET (CBC)
CFRS-DT (V)
CIVV-DT (TQc)
CJPM-DT (TVA)
CKTV-DT (SRC)

Not planned to go digital
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air

QC Sainte-Famille No CBVT-2 (SRC) Shut Down
Full power analog station occupying channel within 52 to 69 range.
QC Sherbrooke Yes

CBMT-3 (CBC)
CFKS-DT (V)
CHLT-DT (TVA)
CIVS-DT (TQc)
CKMI-DT-2 (Global)
CKSH-DT (SRC)

Not planned to go digital
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air

QC Trois-Rivières Yes

CBMT-1 (CBC)
CFKM-DT (V)
CHEM-DT (TVA)
CIVC-DT (TQc)
CKTM-DT (SRC)

Not planned to go digital
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air

SK Regina Yes

CBKFT-DT (SRC)
CBKT-DT (CBC)
CFRE-DT (Global)
CKCK-DT (CTV)

On-Air
On-Air
On-Air
On-Air

SK Saskatoon Yes

CBKFT-1 (SRC)
CBKST (CBC)
CFQC-DT (CTV)
CFSK-DT (Global)

Not planned to go digital
Not planned to go digital
On-Air
On-Air

Transmitter Analog and Digital Channel Numbers

Note 1: Market is where the transmitters are identified as being located or the community of licence, not where the signals can be received. Some transmitters may broadcast at sufficient power to be picked up in other nearby markets. A tool is available on TV Fool to estimate availability of television signals and direction of the signals.

Note 2: This list currently contains transmitters that were required to make a change by August 31, 2011, either because they are in mandatory markets or they are operating at full power in channels 52 to 69. Transmitters operating in full power on channels 52-69 had to either become low power or move to a channel in the 2 to 51 range. In some smaller markets, some transmitters transitioned to digital or shut down, but those are not required to do so. Details on affected smaller markets can be found at the Canadian Government's digital transition website.

Note 3: The farthest right column is only an indicator that the permanent digital channel is being used, not whether the transmitter is broadcasting at the licensed signal strength.

Province Market Transmitter
(BOLD = on-air in digital)
Analog Channel Virtual Digital Channel (displays on TVs as) Digital Channel (actual channel) Analog Changes Post-Transition
SD: = Shuts Down
LE: = License Expires
LP = Low Power
RP = Reduced Power
FC: = Formerly Channel
Start Date in Digital
AB Burmis CJIL-TV-2 (Ind) 55 Shut Down Not Applicable
AB Calgary

CBRFT (SRC)
CBRT-DT (CBC)
CFCN-DT (CTV)
CIAN-TV (CTV Two)
CICT-DT (Global)
CJCO-DT (Omni)
CKAL-DT (Citytv)
CKCS-DT (CTS)

16
9
4
13
2
38
5
32


9.1
4.1

2.1
38.1
5.1
32.1


21
29

41
38
49
32

LE: Aug 31, 2012
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Not Applicable
Completed
Completed
Not Applicable
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed

AB Edmonton

CBXFT-DT (SRC)
CBXT-DT (CBC)
CFRN-DT (CTV)
CITV-DT (Global)
CJAL-TV (CTV Two)
CJEO-DT (Omni)
CKEM-DT (Citytv)
CKES-DT (CTS)

11
5
3
13
9
56
51
45

11.1
5.1
3.1
13.1

56.1
17.1
30.1

47
42
12
13

44
17
30

Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Not Applicable
Completed
Completed
Completed

AB Forestburg CBXT-12 (CBC) 52 LP Not Applicable
AB Lethbridge

CBRT-6 (CBC)
CBXFT-3 (SRC)
CFCN-DT-5 (CTV)
CISA-DT (Global)
CJIL-DT (Ind)
CKAL-DT-1 (Citytv)

10
23
13
7
17
2



13.1
7.1
17.1
2.1



13
7
17
46

LE: Aug 31, 2012
LE: Aug 31, 2012
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed

AB

Lloydminster

CITL-DT (CTV)
CKSA-DT (CBC)

4
2

4.1
2.1

4
2

Shut Down
Shut Down

Completed
Completed

BC Spillimacheen CBUBT-6 (CBC) 69 Shut Down Not Applicable

BC

Vancouver

CBUFT-DT (SRC)
CBUT-DT (CBC)
CHAN-DT (Global)
CKVU-DT (Citytv)
CHNM-DT(Omni)
CHNU-DT (Joytv)
CIVI-DT (CTV Two)
CIVT-DT (CTV)

26
2
8
10
42
66
17
32

26.1
2.1
8.1
10.1
42.1
66.1
17.1
32.1

26
43
22
33
20
47
17
32

Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed

BC

Victoria

CHEK-DT (Ind)
CHNM-DT-1 (OMNI)
CHNU-DT (Joytv)
CIVI-DT (CTV Two)
CKVU-DT-2 (Citytv)

6
29
21
53
10

6.1
29.1
21.1
23.1
27.1

49
29
21
23
27

Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed

MB Winnipeg

CBWFT (SRC)
CBWT (CBC)
CHMI-DT (Citytv)
CIIT-DT (Joytv)
CKND-DT (Global)
CKY-DT (CTV)

3
6
13
35
9
7

3.1
6.1
13.1
35.1
9.1
7.1

51
27
13
35
40
7

SD: Nov 30, 2011
SD: Nov 30, 2011
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Nov 30, 2011
Nov 30, 2011
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed

NB Fredericton

CBAFT-10 (SRC)
CBAT-DT (CBC)
CIHF-DT-1 (Global)

19
4
11


4.1
44.1


31
44

LE: Aug 31, 2012
Shut Down
Shut Down

Not Applicable
Completed
Completed

NB Moncton

CBAFT-DT (SRC)
CBAT-DT-2 (CBC)
CIHF-DT-3 (Global)
CKCW-DT (CTV)

11
7
27
2

11.1

27.1
2.1

11

27
29

Shut Down
LE: Aug 31, 2012
Shut Down
Shut Down

Completed
Not Applicable
Completed
Completed

NB Saint John

CBAFT-1 (SRC)
CBAT-TV (CBC)
CIHF-DT-2 (Global)
CKLT-DT (CTV)

5
4
12
9



12.1
9.1



12
9

LE: Aug 31, 2012
LE: Aug 31, 2012 / RP
Shut Down
Shut Down

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Completed
Completed

NL St. John's

CBFJ-TV (SRC)
CBNT-DT (CBC)
CJON-DT (Ind)

4
8
6


8.1
6.1


8
21

LE: Aug 31, 2012
Shut Down
Shut Down

Not Applicable
Completed
Completed

NS Digby

CBHFT-6 (SRC)
CBHT-7 (CBC)

58
52



LP
LP

Not Applicable
Not Applicable

NS Halifax

CBHFT (SRC)
CBHT-DT (CBC)
CIHF-DT (Global)
CJCH-DT (CTV)

13
3
8
5


3.1
8.1
5.1


39
8
48

LE: Aug 31, 2012
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Not Applicable
Completed
Completed
Completed

NS Truro CBHT-8 (CBC) 55 LP Not Applicable
ON Barrie

CBLFT-11 (SRC)
CBLT-TV-1 (CBC)
CHCH-DT-3 (Ind)
CIII-DT-7 (Global)
CKVR-DT (CTV Two)

55
16
67
7
3



67.1
7.1
3.1



23
7
10

Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Completed
Completed
Completed

ON Belleville CICO-DT-53 (TVO) 53 53.1 26 Shut Down Completed
ON Brighton CKWS-DT-1 (CBC) 66 66.1 30 Shut Down Completed
ON Chatham

CBLN-TV-3 (CBC)
CICO-DT-59 (TVO)

33
59


59.1

FC: 55
Shut Down

Not Applicable
Completed

ON Cloyne CICO-DT-92 (TVO) 55 55.1 44 Shut Down Completed
ON Fort Erie CIII-TV-55 (Global) 55 41.1 41 Shut Down Signal available from CIII-DT-41 Toronto
ON Foymount CBOT-1 (CBC) 14 FC 59 Not Applicable
ON Hamilton

CHCH-DT (Ind)
CITS-DT (CTS)
CKXT-DT-1 (Ind)

11
36
45

11.1

36.1
45.1

11
36
15

Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Completed
Completed
Shut Down

ON Kitchener

CBLFT-8 (SRC)
CBLN-TV-1 (CBC)
CICO-DT-28 (TVO)
CIII-DT (Global)
CKCO-DT (CTV)

61
29
28
6
13



28.1
6.1
13.1



28
6
13

LE: Aug 31, 2012 / LP
LE: Aug 31, 2012 / RP / FC: 56
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Completed
Completed
Completed

ON London

CBLFT-9 (SRC)
CBLN-TV (CBC)
CFMT-DT-1 (Omni)
CFPL-DT (CTV Two)
CHCH-DT-2 (Ind)
CICO-DT-18 (TVO)
CITS-DT-2 (CTS)
CITY-DT-2 (Citytv)
CJMT-DT-1 (Omni)
CKXT-DT-2 (Ind)

53
23
69
10
51
18
14
31
20



69.1
10.1
51.1
18.1
14.1
31.1
20.1
19.1



48
10
51
18
14
31
20
19

LE: Aug 31, 2012 / LP
LE: Aug 31, 2012 / RP / FC: 40
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Not Applicable

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Shut Down

ON
QC
Ottawa
Gatineau

CBOFT-DT (SRC)
CBOT-DT (CBC)
CFGS-TV (V)
CFMT-DT-2 (Omni)
CHCH-DT-1 (Ind)
CHOT-DT (TVA)
CHRO-DT-43 (CTV Two)
CICO-DT-24 (TVO)
CIII-DT-6 (Global)
CITS-DT-1 (CTS)
CITY-DT-3 (Citytv)
CIVO-DT (TQc)
CJMT-DT-2 (Omni)
CJOH-DT (CTV)
CKXT-DT-3 (Ind)

9
4
34
60
11
40
43
24
6
32
65
30
14
13

9.1
4.1
34.1
60.1
22.1
40.1
43.1
24.1
6.1
32.1
65.1
30.1
14.1
13.1
20.1

9
25
34
27
22
40
43
24
6
42
17
30
20
13
20

Shut Down
Shut Down
SD: Nov 30, 2011
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Not Applicable

Completed
Completed
Nov 30, 2011
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Shut Down

ON Peterborough CFTO-DT-54 (CTV) 54 54.1 35 Shut Down Completed
ON Sarnia CBLFT-17 (SRC) 17 FC: 68 Not Applicable
ON Thunder Bay

CBLFT-18 (SRC)
CHFD-DT (Global)
CICO-DT-9 (TVO)
CKPR-DT (CBC)

12
4
9
2


4.1
9.1
2.1


4
9
2

LE: Aug 31, 2012
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Not Applicable
Completed
Completed
Completed

ON Toronto

CBLFT-DT (SRC)
CBLT-DT (CBC)
CFMT-DT (Omni)
CFTO-DT (CTV)
CICA-DT (TVO)
CIII-DT-41 (Global)
CITY-DT (Citytv)
CJMT-DT (Omni)
CKXT-DT (Ind)

25

5
47
9
19
41
57
69
52

25.1
5.1
47.1
9.1
19.1
41.1
57.1
69.1
52.1

25
20
47
9
19
41
44
51
66

Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Shut Down

ON Windsor

CBEFT (SRC)
CBET-DT (CBC)
CHWI-DT (CTV Two)
CHWI-DT-60 (CTV Two)
CICO-DT-32 (TVO)
CIII-DT-22 (Global)

35
9
16
60
32
22


9.1
16.1
60.1
32.1
22.1


9
16
26
32
22

LE: Aug 31, 2012 / FC: 54
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Not Applicable
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed

PE Charlottetown

CBAFT-5 (SRC)
CBCT-DT (CBC)
CIHF-DT-14 (Global)
CKCW-DT-1 (CTV)

31
13
42
8


13.1
42.1
8.1


13
42.1
8

LE: Aug 31, 2012
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Not Applicable
Completed
Completed
Completed

QC Lac-Etchemin CBVT-4 (SRC) 55 LP Not Applicable
QC Montreal

CBFT-DT (SRC)
CBMT-DT (CBC)
CFCF-DT (CTV)
CFJP-DT (V)
CFTM-DT (TVA)
CFTU-TV (Ind)
CIVM-DT (TQc)
CJNT-DT (Ind)
CKMI-DT-1 (Global)

2
6
12
35
10
29
17
62
46

2.1
6.1
12.1
35.1
10.1
29.1
17.1
62.1
15.1

19
21
12
35
10
29
26
49
15

Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
SD: Dec 15, 2011
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Dec 15, 2011
Completed
Completed
Completed

QC Quebec City

CBVE-TV (CBC)
CBVT-DT (SRC)
CFAP-DT (V)
CFCM-DT (TVA)
CIVQ-DT (TQc)
CKMI-DT (Global)

11
11
2
4
15
20


11.1
2.1
4.1
15.1
20.1


12 (old) / 25 (new)
39
17
15
20

LE: Aug 31, 2012 / FC: 5
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Not Applicable
Switch channels Dec 2011
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed

QC Rimouski

CJBR-DT (SRC)

2 2.1 45 Shut Down Completed
QC Rivière-du-Loup

CFTF-DT (V)
CIMT-DT (TVA)
CIMT-DT-6 (TVA)
CKRT-DT (SRC)

29
9
6
7

29.1
9.1
6.1
7.1

29
9
41
7

Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed

QC Rouyn-Noranda / Val-d'Or

CFEM-DT (TVA)
CFEM-DT-1 (TVA)
CFVS-DT (V)
CFVS-DT-1 (V)
CIVA-DT (TQc)
CIVA-DT-1 (TQc)
CJDG-DT (SRC)
CKRN-DT (SRC)

13
10
25
20
12
8
7
9

13.1
10.1
25.1
20.1
12.1
8.1
7.1
9.1

13
10
25
20
12
8
7
9

Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed

QC Saguenay

CBJET (CBC)
CFRS-DT (V)
CIVV-DT (TQc)
CJPM-DT (TVA)
CKTV-DT (SRC)

58
4
8
6
12


4.1
8.1
6.1
12.1


13
8
46
12

LE: Aug 31, 2012 / LP
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Not Applicable
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed

QC Sainte-Famille CBVT-2 (SRC) 55 Shut Down Not Applicable
QC Sherbrooke

CBMT-3 (CBC)
CFKS-DT (V)
CHLT-DT (TVA)
CIVS-DT (TQc)
CKMI-DT-2 (Global)
CKSH-DT (SRC)

50
30
7
24
11
9


30.1
7.1
24.1
11.1
9.1


30
7
24
11
9

LE: Aug 31, 2012
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Not Applicable
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed

QC Trois-Rivières

CBMT-1 (CBC)
CFKM-DT (V)
CHEM-DT (TVA)
CIVC-DT (TQc)
CKTM-DT (SRC)

13
16
8
45
13


16.1
8.1
45.1
13.1


34
8
45
28

LE: Aug 31, 2012 / FC: 28
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Not Applicable
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed

SK Regina

CBKFT-DT (SRC)
CBKT-DT (CBC)
CFRE-DT (Global)
CKCK-DT (CTV)

13
9
11
2

13.1
9.1
11.1
2.1

13
9
11
8

Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down
Shut Down

Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed

SK Saskatoon

CBKFT-1 (SRC)
CBKST (CBC)
CFQC-DT (CTV)
CFSK-DT (Global)

13
11
8
4



8.1
4.1



8
42

LE: Aug 31, 2012
LE: Aug 31, 2012
Shut Down
Shut Down

Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Completed
Completed

Non-Mandatory Markets for Over-Air Transition to Digital

Most stations have announced no plans for converting or shutting down analog transmitters outside of mandatory markets required to transition to digital by August 31, 2011, but here are some exceptions:

  • Global will be converting all of its transmitters to digital by 2016. The exception is its Fort Erie transmitter, which was shut down on August 31, 2011 with coverage instead provided by Global's Toronto transmitter.
  • Télé-Québec converted all of its transmitters to digital, all located in Quebec, by September 1, 2011.
  • Télé Inter-Rives' stations CKRT , CIMT, and CFTF Rivière-du-Loup, QC and their translators were converted to digital on August 31, 2011. Carleton-sur-Mer, QC station CHAU and its associated translators will be converted to digital by November 30, 2011.
  • TVOntario had to relocate three transmitters, in Chatham, ON, Belleville, ON, and Cloyne, ON to lower channels because they were on channels above 52, which had to be be vacated by August 31, 2011. In addition to relocating these transmitters to lower channels, the transmitters have been converted to digital but are currently not broadcasting HDTV nor an on-screen PSIP programme guide.
  • CTV had to relocate a rebroadcast transmitter of CFTO located in Peterborough, ON to a lower channel because it was on a channel above 52, which had to be vacated by August 31, 2011. In addition to relocating this transmitter to a lower channel, the transmitter was converted to digital.
  • Corus Entertainment, owner of CKWS, had to relocate a rebroadcast transmitter located in Brighton, ON to a lower channel because it was on a channel above 52, which had to be vacated by August 31, 2011. In addition to relocating this transmitter to a lower channel, the transmitter was converted to digital, but (as a repeater of an analogue station) offers no is in standard definition.
  • CBC / SRC is converting its Rimouski, QC SRC transmitter (CJBR-DT) to digital by August 31, 2011, and its Yellowknife, NT CBC transmitter (CFYK-TV) in December 2011. CBC has stated that only the 27 originating station transmitters, which include Yellowknife and Rimouski, are to be converted to digital, and that no further transmitters are planned to be converted to digital. CBC has stated that its satellite delivery backbone that provides signals to its roughly 650 analog transmitters will reach the end of its useful life in 2013 and the network has no plans to maintain this infrastructure. Despite not being required to make any change, CBC shut down its low power Mount McDonald transmitter near Victoria, BC on August 31, 2011.
  • Newcap Broadcasting, owner of Lloydminster stations CITL and CKSA, shut down most of these stations' transmitters outside of the Lloydminster area on August 31, 2011, despite the fact there is no requirement to make changes or to shut down these transmitters.

See also

References

  1. ^ Cost Estimate of Digital Television (DTV) Conversion for Canada, P. Lemée / F. Gauthier, Spectrum Expert Inc., March 31, 2009
  2. ^ "Networks unprepared for digital TV shift: CRTC", The Globe and Mail, June 24, 2008.
  3. ^ Networks unprepared for digital TV shift: CRTC by Grant Robertson
  4. ^ CBC won't meet digital TV deadline, CBC News, August 6, 2010
  5. ^ Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2008-129, 26 June 2008 re: Change in the effective control of TQS inc. and licence renewals, Section 86: Conversion to digital
  6. ^ Proposed Revisions to the Frequency Plan for Public Safety in the Band 700 MHz, January 2008, Industry Canada, Spectrum Management and Telecommunications
  7. ^ Broadcasting Information Bulletin CRTC 2010-719
  8. ^ Over The Air Television Stations In Canada
  9. ^ "Broadcasting Public Notice CRTC 2002-31". http://www.crtc.gc.ca/eng/archive/2002/pb2002-31.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  10. ^ "Broadcasting Public Notice CRTC 2007-53". http://www.crtc.gc.ca/Eng/archive/2007/pb2007-53.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  11. ^ Canada’s Office of Consumer Affairs - What You Need to Know About the Analog-to-Digital Television Transition in Canada
  12. ^ "Broadcasting Regulatory Policy CRTC 2009-406". http://www.crtc.gc.ca/eng/archive/2009/2009-406.htm. Retrieved 2011-03-14. 
  13. ^ "Broadcasting Regulatory Policy CRTC 2011-184". http://www.crtc.gc.ca/eng/archive/2011/2011-184.htm. Retrieved 2011-03-14. 
  14. ^ "Broadcasting Regulatory Policy CRTC 2011-198". http://www.crtc.gc.ca/eng/archive/2011/2011-198.htm. Retrieved 2011-03-18. 
  15. ^ "Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2011-494". http://www.crtc.gc.ca/eng/archive/2011/2011-494.htm. Retrieved 2011-08-18. 
  16. ^ "Broadcasting Information Bulletin CRTC 2010-719". http://www.crtc.gc.ca/eng/archive/2010/2010-719.htm. Retrieved 2011-03-14. 
  17. ^ CBC cleared to continue some analogue TV signals, CBC News, Aug 16, 2011
  18. ^ "Applicant response dated 6 December 2010". https://services.crtc.gc.ca/pub/DocWebBroker/OpenDocument.aspx?AppNo=201012616. Retrieved 2011-03-17. 
  19. ^ "About TVO - Digital Over the Air". http://tvo.org/digitalovertheair/. Retrieved 2011-03-12. 
  20. ^ "CBC Television Winnipeg". http://www.cbc.radio-canada.ca/dtv/Winnipeg_CBC.shtml. Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  21. ^ "Sun News gives up over-the-air licence". http://www.theglobeandmail.com/globe-investor/sun-news-gives-up-over-the-air-licence/article2134376/. Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  22. ^ "Sun News gives up over-the-air licence". http://www.theglobeandmail.com/globe-investor/sun-news-gives-up-over-the-air-licence/article2134376/. Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  23. ^ "Sun News gives up over-the-air licence". http://www.theglobeandmail.com/globe-investor/sun-news-gives-up-over-the-air-licence/article2134376/. Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  24. ^ "Sun News gives up over-the-air licence". http://www.theglobeandmail.com/globe-investor/sun-news-gives-up-over-the-air-licence/article2134376/. Retrieved 2011-10-30. 

External links



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Digital television transition — The digital television transition is the process in which analog television broadcasting is converted to and replaced by digital television. This primarily involves both TV stations and over the air viewers; however it also involves content… …   Wikipedia

  • Television in Canada — began with the opening of the nation s first television stations in 1952. As with most media in Canada, the television industry, and the television programming available in that country, are strongly influenced by the American media, perhaps to… …   Wikipedia

  • Digital-television radio — (or DTR) is an informal term which describes the music channels that are provided with a digital television service. In terms of price and musical variety, DTR falls somewhere between regular AM or FM radio, and satellite radio. However, because… …   Wikipedia

  • Digital television in Australia — comes in many forms: Australian digital terrestrial television, branded as Freeview VAST, a free to view satellite service, replacing Optus Aurora. Optus Aurora, a free to view satellite service, to be shut down by the end of 2013. Foxtel Digital …   Wikipedia

  • Digital television — List of digital television broadcast standards DVB standards (Europe) DVB S (satellite) DVB S2 DVB T (terrestrial) DVB T2 DVB …   Wikipedia

  • Digital television in the United States — See digital television for more technical details, or DTV transition in the United States for specific information related to the analog to digital switchover In the United States, digital television broadcasts, or DTV, can be received via cable …   Wikipedia

  • Digital dividend after digital television transition — The digital dividend refers to the spectrum which is released in the process of digital television transition. When television broadcasters switch from analog platforms to digital only platforms, part of the electromagnetic spectrum that has been …   Wikipedia

  • Digital television transition in the United States — Further information: Digital television transition The DTV (an abbreviation of digital television, also called digital broadcast) transition in the United States was the switchover from analog (the traditional method of transmitting television… …   Wikipedia

  • Digital television in the United Kingdom — The United Kingdom now has three major forms of broadcast digital television (DTV), a direct to home satellite service from the Astra 28.2°E satellites provided by British Sky Broadcasting (commonly known as Sky) and Freesat, digital cable… …   Wikipedia

  • Digital television adapter — A digital TV converter box A digital television adapter (DTA), or digital to analog converter [set top box], or commonly known as a converter box, it is a television tuner that receives a digital television (DTV) transmission, and converts the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.