Emperor Keitai

Emperor Keitai

:"Keitai" is also the Japanese term for mobile/cell phones but is written with different kanji."

Keitai (継体天皇 "Keitai-tennō"), also known as "Keitai okimi", was the 26th Japanese imperial ruler, according to the traditional order of succession. [Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). "Annales des empereurs du japon," pp. 31-33; Varley, Paul. (1980). "Jinnō Shōtōki," pp. 119-120.] No firm dates can be assigned to this emperor's life or reign. Keitai is considered to have ruled the country during the early-6th century, but there is a paucity of information about him. Scholars can only lament that, at this time, there is insufficient material available for further verification and study.

It is believed that Imperial rule was somewhat centralized by the time of Keitai's reign.

Records on his life

His record is confusing as there are differences of his life according to Kojiki and Nihon Shoki.

Kojiki puts his birth year at 485 and to have died on April 9, 527.Japanese dates correspond to the traditional lunisolar calendar used in Japan until 1873.] It writes that he was called Ōdo no Mikoto (袁本杼命).

On the other hand, Nihon Shoki put his birth year at 450 and to have died on February 7, 531 or 534. It writes that he was called Ōdo no Kimi (男大迹王) and Hikofuto no Mikoto (彦太尊).

Also the version "Wo Ofu Ato-no-Hiko Fudo no Mikoto" has been present.

He is recorded to have originally been King of Koshi Kingdom, a smaller tribal entity, apparently in northern parts of central Japan, perhaps as far as in coast of Sea of Japan.

Some modern reference works of history call Keitai just as "King Ohoto of Koshi".Aston, William. (1998). "Nihongi," Vol. 2, pp. 1-25.]

Life and genealogy

He is said to have been not the son of the immediate previous monarch, but the great-great-great-grandson of Ōjin of Yamato (king Hondawake). According to legendary record, he ascended to the throne when Buretsu, monarch of Yamato died childless and had not appointed a successor; some historians doubt this genealogy and suppose a change of dynasties..Fact|date=February 2007

His detailed genealogy is recorded in "Shaku Nihongi" as a quote from "Jōgūki" (the history of Prince Shōtoku). It says he was a son of Ushi no Kimi, a grandson of Ohi no Kimi, a great-grandson of Ohohoto no Kimi (brother to Emperor Ingyo's consort), a great-great-grandson of Wakanuke Futamata no Kimi, and a great-great-great-grandson of Emperor Ōjin.

According to "Kojiki" and "Nihon Shoki", his father was Hikonushi no Kimi and his mother was Furihime. He was born in Echizen province. When Buretsu died, Kanamura recommended Keitai at his age of 58 as a possible heir to the Yamato throne. Keitai declared his ascension in Kusuba, in the northern part of Kawachi Province (present day Shijonawate, Osaka) and married a younger sister of Buretsu, Princess Tashiraga. It is supposed that his succession was not welcomed by everyone, and it took about 20 years for Keitai to enter Yamato province, near Kawachi and the political center of Japan at the time.

In Keitai's later years, 527 or 528, a rebellion led by Iwai occurred in Tsukushi province, Kyūshū. Keitai assigned Mononobe no Arakahi as Shogun and sent him to Kyūshū to put down the rebellion.

Among his sons, Emperor Ankan, Emperor Senka and Emperor Kimmei ascended to the throne. [see above] ]

He is believed to be entombed amongst the burial mounds in the city of Fujiidera near Osaka. [Gowland, William. "The Burial Mounds and Dolmens of the Early Emperors of Japan," "The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland," Vol. 37, Jan.-Jun., 1907, pp. 10-46.]

Notes and References

* Aston, William George. (1896. "Nihongi: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to A.D. 697". London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner. [reprinted by Tuttle Publishing, Tokyo, 2007. 10-ISBN 0-8048-0984-4; 13-ISBN 978-0-8048-0984-9 (paper)]
* Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). [ Jien, c. 1220] , "Gukanshō (The Future and the Past, a translation and study of the Gukanshō, an interpretative history of Japan written in 1219)." Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-03460-0
* Titsingh, Isaac, ed. (1834). [Siyun-sai Rin-siyo/Hayashi Gahō, 1652] , "Nipon o daï itsi ran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon, tr. par M. Isaac Titsingh avec l'aide de plusieurs interprètes attachés au comptoir hollandais de Nangasaki; ouvrage re., complété et cor. sur l'original japonais-chinois, accompagné de notes et précédé d'un Aperçu d'histoire mythologique du Japon, par M. J. Klaproth." Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. [http://books.google.com/books?id=18oNAAAAIAAJ&dq=nipon+o+dai+itsi+ran ...Click link for digitized, full-text copy of this book (in French)]
* Varley, H. Paul , ed. (1980). [ Kitabatake Chikafusa, 1359] , "Jinnō Shōtōki ("A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa" translated by H. Paul Varley)." New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-04940-4

ee also

* Emperor of Japan
* List of Emperors of Japan
* Imperial cult

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