- Internet in Canada
Canadaranks as the 11th country in the world for Internet usagewith 20.45 million users, 63.5% of the total population. [ [http://www.etforecasts.com/products/ES_intusersv2.htm#1.3 eTForecasts - Executive Summary, Internet User Forecast by Country ] ] 53.6% of Canadians connect to the Internet using a type of high-speed connection, compared to 33.8% in the US. In addition, habits of online Canadians differ greatly from Americans. In particular, 48% of Internet users connect at least three times per day. The topic of Internet market research has become very important in recent years. Internet marketers will pay hundreds of thousands of dollars for reports, surveys, and other relevant data. However, it is possible to discover a wealth of information using the very tool being investigated, the Internet.
Canadian web users are similar to those in the other English speaking countries, especially the United States. The most popular sites in Canada are the major international ones, such as
Yahoo!, and MSN. [http://www.comscore.com/press/release.asp?press=2137 comScore - Top Canadian Web Rankings for February 2008] .] There are several important differences from the United States. MySpace, a reversal of the American situation.cite web|accessdate=2008-04-30|url=http://network.nationalpost.com/np/blogs/posted/archive/2007/05/18/facebook-says-thanks-canada.aspx|title=Facebook says 'Thanks, Canada' |work= National Post|date=2007-05-18|author=Yum, Kenny ] In Canada Kijijiis a close rival in popularity to Craigslist, also unlike the United States where Craigslist dominates. [Tedeshi, Rob. " [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/12/31/technology/31ecom.html?_r=1&oref=slogin In Restless Pursuit of Craigslist’s Success] " "The New York Times." December 31, 2007]
The most popular native Canadian sites are those of the major Canadian news companies, all of which maintain an extensive web presence. According to a February 2008 report by comScore, the most popular Canadian sites are those of
Quebecor Media, principally Canoe.ca, followed closely by the sites of CTVglobemediawhich includes globeandmail.com and CTV.ca.
File sharing in Canada" Canadahas the greatest number of file sharers per capita in the world according to a report by the OECD. [cite news|date= 2005-12-13|url=http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/13/2/34995041.pdf|title=Digital Broadband Content|accessdate=2006-07-15|accessdate=2006-07-15|publisher=OECD] As well, the same report states that the number of file sharers in Canada is steadily rising unlike the number of file sharers in the U.S.A., bringing to the forefront issues dealing with the legality of file sharing.
Canada's copyright laws are unclear on the legality of some file trading. In general, the unauthorized copying or distribution of copyrighted material, whether for profit or for personal use, is illegal under Canada's Copyright Act. [cite news|date=
title=Copyright Act of Canada|accessdate=2007-11-16|publisher=Department of Justice: Canada] However, certain exemptions are made for
fair dealingcopying of small portions of copyrighted works, for activities such as private study, criticism, and news reporting. Furthermore, the Act allows that the copying of sound recordings of musical works for the personal use of the person who makes the copy, is not copyright infringement. This is supported by a levy on blank recording media, which is distributed to record labels and musicians. While the unauthorized downloading or uploading of complete copyrighted works such as books, movies, or software is illegal under the Act, the situation regarding music files is more complex.
The following table summarizes residential broadband offerings in Canada:
The legal definition of
broadbandin Canada is 1.5 Mbit/s (megabits per second). This is essentially the bandwidth required to transmit compressed VGA (640x480) motion video with modest quality. However, in recent years the competition between the major broadband Internet providers has caused frequent increases in the available bandwidth provided to home users.
Regional Canadian ISPs peer through a few major
Internet Exchange Points, the most notable of which is the Toronto Internet Exchange. However, these regional networks usually share the same backbones for longer distance connectivity.
The largest DSL provider in Canada is Bell Sympatico. Bell owns and maintains physical layer connectivity through a combination of optical fibre networks,
DSLAMand Customer Premise Equipment. Few other DSL providers have comparable network infrastructure and instead use lines provided by Bell through a service called "Dry DSL". ADSL is the predominant technology while ADSL2+ is quickly emerging as the new standard, fueled by the urgency to compete with cable companies in the digital TV market. In British Columbia, Alberta, and parts of Quebec, the incumbent telco is Telus, owning the DSLAMs, the fibre, and provides many services Bell does, however at slower speeds. An example of the speed difference is a standard DSL line in BC/AB is 1.5 Mbit/s, while a standard DSL line in ON/QC can be up to 5 Mbit/s; the top tier internet speed is 6 Mbit/s in BC/AB and 16 Mbit/s in ON/QC.
The other major players offering DSL and IPTV services are Sasktel (in Saskatchewan) and MTS (in Manitoba). Download speeds are approx. up to 8 Mbit/s, though recent upgrades now make HDTV and much higher rates possible.
For Cable offerings, standard North American
DOCSISbased equipment are used.
Science and technology in Canada
* [http://www.dslreports.org DSL Reports] - Extensive site on broadband with user reports from around the USA and Canada
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