List of mammals in Romania


List of mammals in Romania

This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Romania. There are 89 mammal species in Romania, of which 1 is critically endangered, 1 is endangered, 13 are vulnerable, and 4 are near-threatened. [This list is derived from the IUCN Red List which lists species of mammals and includes those mammals that have recently been classified as extinct (since 1500 AD). The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles as of 21 May 2007 and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institute, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available.]

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:

ubclass: Theria

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Rodentia (rodents)

----Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).

*Suborder: Sciurognathi
**Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)
***Subfamily: Sciurinae
****Tribe: Sciurini
*****Genus: Sciurus
****** Red Squirrel "Sciurus vulgaris" NT
***Subfamily: Xerinae
****Tribe: Marmotini
*****Genus: Marmota
****** Alpine Marmot "Marmota marmota" LR/lc
*****Genus: Spermophilus
****** European ground squirrel "Spermophilus citellus" VU
****** Speckled Ground Squirrel "Spermophilus suslicus" VU
**Family: Gliridae (dormice)
***Subfamily: Leithiinae
****Genus: Dryomys
***** Forest dormouse "Dryomys nitedula" LR/nt
****Genus: Eliomys
***** Garden dormouse "Eliomys quercinus" VU
****Genus: Muscardinus
***** Hazel Dormouse "Muscardinus avellanarius" LR/nt
***Subfamily: Glirinae
****Genus: Glis
***** Edible dormouse "Glis glis" LR/nt
**Family: Dipodidae (jerboas)
***Subfamily: Sicistinae
****Genus: Sicista
***** Northern Birch Mouse "Sicista betulina" LR/nt
***** Southern Birch Mouse "Sicista subtilis" LR/nt
**Family: Spalacidae
***Subfamily: Spalacinae
****Genus: Spalax
***** Bukovin Mole Rat "Spalax graecus" VU
****Genus: Nannospalax
***** Lesser Mole Rat "Nannospalax leucodon" VU
**Family: Cricetidae
***Subfamily: Cricetinae
****Genus: Cricetulus
***** Gray Dwarf Hamster "Cricetulus migratorius" LR/nt
****Genus: Cricetus
***** European Hamster "Cricetus cricetus" LR/lc
****Genus: Mesocricetus
***** Romanian Hamster "Mesocricetus newtoni" VU
***Subfamily: Arvicolinae
****Genus: Arvicola
***** Water Vole "Arvicola terrestris" LR/lc
****Genus: Chionomys
***** Snow Vole "Chionomys nivalis" LR/nt
****Genus: Clethrionomys
***** Bank Vole "Clethrionomys glareolus" LR/lc
****Genus: Microtus
***** Field Vole "Microtus agrestis" LR/lc
***** Common Vole "Microtus arvalis" LR/lc
***** Southern Vole "Microtus rossiaemeridionalis" LR/lc
***** European Pine Vole "Microtus subterraneus" LR/lc
***** Tatra Vole "Microtus tatricus" LR/nt
**Family: Muridae (mice, rats, voles, gerbils, hamsters, etc.)
***Subfamily: Murinae
****Genus: Apodemus
***** Striped Field Mouse "Apodemus agrarius" LR/lc
***** Yellow-necked Mouse "Apodemus flavicollis" LR/lc
***** Wood mouse "Apodemus sylvaticus" LC
***** Ural Field Mouse "Apodemus uralensis" LR/lc
****Genus: Micromys
***** Harvest Mouse "Micromys minutus" LR/nt
****Genus: Mus
***** Steppe Mouse "Mus spicilegus" LR/nt

Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)

----The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early twentieth century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.

*Family: Leporidae (rabbits, hares)
**Genus: Oryctolagus
*** European Rabbit "Oryctolagus cuniculus" LR/lc
**Genus: Lepus
*** European Hare "Lepus europaeus" LR/lc

Order: Erinaceomorpha (hedgehogs and gymnures)

----The order Erinaceomorpha contains a single family, Erinaceidae, which comprise the hedgehogs and gymnures. The hedgehogs are easily recognised by their spines while gymnures look more like large rats.

*Family: Erinaceidae (hedgehogs)
**Subfamily: Erinaceinae
***Genus: Erinaceus
**** Southern White-breasted Hedgehog "Erinaceus concolor" LR/lc

Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and soledons)

----The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mmmals. The shrews and soledons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout bodied burrowers.

*Family: Soricidae (shrews)
**Subfamily: Crocidurinae
***Genus: Crocidura
**** Bicolored Shrew "Crocidura leucodon" LR/lc
**** Greater White-toothed Shrew "Crocidura russula" LC
**** Lesser White-toothed Shrew "Crocidura suaveolens" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Soricinae
***Tribe: Nectogalini
****Genus: Neomys
***** Southern Water Shrew "Neomys anomalus" LR/lc
***** Eurasian Water Shrew "Neomys fodiens" LR/lc
***Tribe: Soricini
****Genus: Sorex
***** Alpine Shrew "Sorex alpinus" LR/lc
***** Common Shrew "Sorex araneus" LR/lc
***** Eurasian Pygmy Shrew "Sorex minutus" LR/lc
*Family: Talpidae (moles)
**Subfamily: Talpinae
***Tribe: Talpini
****Genus: Talpa
***** European Mole "Talpa europaea" LR/lc

Order: Chiroptera (bats)

----The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

*Family: Vespertilionidae
**Subfamily: Myotinae
***Genus: Myotis
**** Bechstein's Bat "Myotis bechsteini" VU
**** Lesser Mouse-eared Bat "Myotis blythii" LR/lc
**** Brandt's Bat "Myotis brandti" LR/lc
**** Long-fingered Bat "Myotis capaccinii" VU
**** Daubenton's bat "Myotis daubentonii" LR/lc
**** Geoffroy's Bat "Myotis emarginatus" VU
**** Greater Mouse-eared Bat "Myotis myotis" LR/nt
**** Natterer's bat "Myotis nattereri" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
***Genus: Barbastella
**** Barbastelle "Barbastella barbastellus" VU
***Genus: Eptesicus
**** Northern Bat "Eptesicus nilssoni" LR/lc
**** Serotine bat "Eptesicus serotinus" LR/lc
***Genus: Nyctalus
**** Greater Noctule bat "Nyctalus lasiopterus" LR/nt
**** Lesser Noctule "Nyctalus leisleri" LR/nt
**** Common Noctule "Nyctalus noctula" LR/lc
***Genus: Pipistrellus
**** Nathusius' Pipistrelle "Pipistrellus nathusii" LR/lc
**** Common Pipistrelle "Pipistrellus pipistrellus" LC
***Genus: Plecotus
**** Brown long-eared bat "Plecotus auritus" LR/lc
**** Grey long-eared bat "Plecotus austriacus" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Miniopterinae
***Genus: Miniopterus
**** Schreiber's Long-fingered Bat "Miniopterus schreibersii" LC
*Family: Rhinolophidae
**Subfamily: Rhinolophinae
***Genus: Rhinolophus
**** Blasius's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus blasii" NT
**** Mediterranean Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus euryale" VU
**** Greater Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus ferrumequinum" LR/nt
**** Lesser horseshoe bat "Rhinolophus hipposideros" LC
**** Mehely's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus mehelyi" VU

Order: Cetacea (whales)

----The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.

*Suborder: Odontoceti
**Superfamily: Platanistoidea
***Family: Phocoenidae
****Genus: Phocoena
***** Harbour Porpoise "Phocoena phocoena" VU
***Family: Delphinidae (marine dolphins)
****Genus: Tursiops
***** Bottlenose Dolphin "Tursiops truncatus" DD
****Genus: Delphinus
***** Common dolphin "Delphinus delphis" LR/lc

Order: Carnivora (carnivores)

----

The carnivores include over 260 species, the majority of which eat meat as their primary dietary item. Carnivores have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

*Suborder: Feliformia
**Family: Felidae (cats)
***Subfamily: Felinae
****Genus: Felis
***** Wildcat "Felis silvestris" LC
****Genus: Lynx
***** Eurasian Lynx "Lynx lynx" NT
*Suborder: Caniformia
**Family: Canidae (dogs, foxes)
***Genus: Vulpes
**** Red Fox "Vulpes vulpes" LC
***Genus: Canis
**** Gray Wolf "Canis lupus" LC
**Family: Ursidae (bears)
***Genus: Ursus
**** Brown Bear "Ursus arctos" LR/lc
**Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)
***Genus: Mustela
**** Stoat "Mustela erminea" LR/lc
**** Steppe Polecat "Mustela eversmannii" LR/lc
**** European Mink "Mustela lutreola" EN
**** Least Weasel "Mustela nivalis" LR/lc
**** European Polecat "Mustela putorius" LR/lc
***Genus: Vormela
**** Marbled Polecat "Vormela peregusna" LR/lc
***Genus: Martes
**** Beech Marten "Martes foina" LR/lc
**** Pine Marten "Martes martes" LR/lc
***Genus: Meles
**** Eurasian Badger "Meles meles" LR/lc
***Genus: Lutra
**** European Otter "Lutra lutra" NT
**Family: Phocidae (earless seals)
***Genus: Monachus
**** Mediterranean Monk Seal "Monachus monachus" CR

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

----The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

*Family: Suidae (pigs)
**Subfamily: Suinae
***Genus: Sus
**** Boar "Sus scrofa" LR/lc
*Family: Cervidae (deer)
**Subfamily: Cervinae
***Genus: Cervus
**** Red Deer "Cervus elaphus" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Capreolinae
***Genus: Alces
**** Moose "Alces alces" LR/lc
***Genus: Capreolus
**** Roe Deer "Capreolus capreolus" LR/lc
*Family: Bovidae (cattle, antelope, sheep, goats)
**Subfamily: Caprinae
***Genus: Rupicapra
**** Chamois "Rupicapra rupicapra" LR/lc

Notes

References

*cite web
url=http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/search.php?kingname=ANIMALIA&phyname=CHORDATA&claname=MAMMALIA&freetext=&modifier=phrase&criteria=wholedb&taxa_species=1&redlistCategory%5B0%5D=all&redlistAssessyear%5B0%5D=all&country%5B0%5D=RO&aquatic%5B0%5D=all&regions%5B0%5D=all&habitats%5B0%5D=all&threats%5B0%5D=all&Submit_x=34&Submit_y=9&extendedResults=0&terrestrial=0&marine=0&freshwater=0&offset=0&sortorder%5B0%5D=spcscientificname&sortorder%5B1%5D=genname&sortorder%5B2%5D=spcname&sortorder%5B3%5D=spcauthor&sortorder%5B4%5D=spcinfrarank&sortorder%5B5%5D=spcinfraepithet&sortorder%5B6%5D=spcinfrarankauthor&sortorder%5B7%5D=spcstockname&sortorder%5B8%5D=comname_comp&sortorder%5B9%5D=rlcabb&sortorder%5B10%5D=rlscriteria&sortorder%5B11%5D=poptrend_code&sortorder%5B12%5D=rlcatcrit2001&sortorder%5B13%5D=spcrecid&sortorder%5B14%5D=kingname&debug=0&taxa_subspc=0&taxa_stock=0&newsort=Genus
title=The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Mammals of Romania
publisher=IUCN
date=2001
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://nmnhgoph.si.edu/msw/
title=Mammal Species of the World
publisher=Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
date=2005
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html
title=Animal Diversity Web
publisher=University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
date=1995-2006
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

ee also

*List of chordate orders
*List of regional mammals lists
*List of prehistoric mammals
*Mammal classification
*New mammal species


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