1790s in archaeology

1790s in archaeology

The decade of the 1790s in archaeology involved some significant events.


* 1799: Napoleon in Egypt: French troops occupy Egyptian territory.


* 1796: The Roman fort, vicus, bridge abutments and associated remains of Hadrian's Wall are excavated at Chesters, in England.
* Formal excavations continue at Pompeii.


* 1796: Fossilized dinosaur bones of a hand of Megalonyx Jeffersonii are excavated.
* 1799: At the town of Rosetta ("Rashid"), a harbor on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt, French troops find the Rosetta Stone, inscribed with Greek/demotic/hieroglyphs (later translated, in 1822, by Frenchman Jean-François Champollion).


* 1797: James Hutton, a Scotsman who has been called "the Father of Geology," publishes theories describing the earth as destroying and renewing itself in a never-ending cycle.

Other events



* 1790: December 23 - Jean-François Champollion (d. 1832)
* 1796: "date unknown" - John MacEnery, priest and early archaeologist (d. 1841)
* 1797: October 5 - John Gardiner Wilkinson, English traveller, writer and pioneer Egyptologist (d. 1875)
* 1799: Karl Brullov, author of "Last Day of Pompeii" (d. 1852)


* 1795: "date unknown" - Jean-Jacques Barthélemy (b. 1716).

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