Albert Kalonji


Albert Kalonji

Albert Kalonji (b. 1919 [http://www.imperial-collection.net/southkasai01.html The Imperial Collection: The Autonomous State of South Kasai] ] or 1929 [http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Congo-K_Provinces_1960-1966.html Provinces of Belgian Congo and Congo (Kinshasa)] ] ) is a Congolese best known for leading the secessionist state of South Kasai during the Congo Crisis. Kalonji, a Luba chief, was a leader (with Joseph Ileo) of a moderate faction of Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba's MNC. [ [http://www.countrywatch.com/mi_topic.asp?vCOUNTRY=40&SECTION=COVER&TOPIC=POHIS&TYPE=TEXT Military.org Country Information for Congo (DRC)] ] Within days of being granted independence from Belgium, the new country (at the time called the Republic of the Congo) [Not to be confused with the neighboring country of the same name.] plunged into chaos; amid the turmoil, Moise Tshombe, president of Katanga Province, announced that "We are seceding from chaos," and declared Katanga's independence on July 11, 1960. Kalonji, partly motivated by tribal rivalries, followed suit shortly afterwards and declared the independence of the diamond-rich [Larry Devlin, "Chief of Station, Congo: Fighting the Cold War in a Hot Zone", p. 62] province of South Kasai on August 8, giving himself the title " _fr. Chef Suprême du Peuple Muluba et Protecteur Incontesté des Tribus Associées à son sort" (French for "Supreme Chief of the Muluba People and Protector of the Associated Tribes").

During his brief tenure, Kalonji, who vehemently hated Lumumba (due to the slaughter of thousands of Luba, which Kalonji blamed on the central government), unsuccessfully sought American help in overthrowing Lumumba. [Devlin, p. 30]

On April 12, 1961, Kalonji's father was granted the title "Mulopwe" (which roughly translates to "emperor" or "god-king" [ [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?frd/cstdy:@field(DOCID+zr0146) "Zaire: A Country Study", "Establishment of a Personalistic Regime"] ] ), but he immediately "abdicated" in favor his son. On July 16, Kalonji rejected royalty status, but retained the title of "Mulopwe" and changed his name to Albert I Kalonji Ditunga.

Kalonji's reign, however, proved to be short-lived; after a four-month military campaign, the military of the central government managed to successfully capture South Kasai, and on December 30, Kalongi was arrested. He did manage to escape shortly afterwards, and managed to maintain a government that lasted till October 1962.

Following Joseph Mobutu's 1965 coup, South Kasai was divided into two regions, partly to discourage future secessionist tendencies.

As of 2007, Kalonji is still living and retains the title "Souverain Possesseur des Terres occupées par les Balubas" (Sovereign and Owner of the Land of the Baluba). He is the author of "Memorandum: Ma lutte, au Kasai, pour la Verite au service de la Justice" (published 1964) and "Congo 1960. La Sécession du Sud-Kasaï. La vérité du Mulopwe" (published 2005).

Notes


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Albert Kalonji — (auch Kalondji) (* 16. Juni 1929 in Hemptinne, Kasai Occidental[1]) ist ein Politiker der Demokratischen Republik Kongo. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Politische Laufbahn 2 Diamantenkaiser 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albert Kalonji — est un homme politique et homme d affaires congolais, né à Hemptinne (Congo belge, actuelle République démocratique du Congo). Co fondateur, avec Patrice Lumumba, du Mouvement national congolais (MNC), il milite avec lui pour l’indépendance du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Albert Kalondji — Albert Kalonji (auch Kalondji) (* 1929) ist ein Politiker der Demokratischen Republik Kongo. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Politische Laufbahn 2 Diamantenkaiser 3 Weitere Laufbahn 4 Literatur 5 Webl …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kalonji — may refer to:Things*The seeds of the plant Nigella sativa used as a spice, of which kalonji is one of many names *Reggae artist Sizzla s fourth studio album, released as Freedom Cry in the United States and as Kalonji in Europe.People*Albert… …   Wikipedia

  • Kalonji — ist: eine Bezeichnung für den Samen des Echten Schwarzkümmels, wenn er als Gewürz verwendet wird. der europäische Titel des 4. Albums des Reggaekünstlers Sizzla (in den USA hieß es Freedom Cry) Kalonji ist der Name folgender Personen: Albert… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mouvement National Congolais — Democratic Republic of the Congo This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo …   Wikipedia

  • South Kasai — Mining State of South Kasai État minier du Sud Kasaï Unrecognized state ← …   Wikipedia

  • Congo Crisis — For other events that might be called the Congo crisis , see Congo Civil War (disambiguation). Congo Crisis Part of the Cold War and the Congo conflicts …   Wikipedia

  • République démocratique du Congo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Congo et RDC.  Ne doit pas être confondu avec République du Congo ni République populaire du Congo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adoula — Cyrille Adoula (1964) Cyrille Adoula (* 13. September 1921 (?) in Léopoldville; † 24. Mai 1978 in Lausanne) war von 1961 bis 1964 Premierminister der Demokratischen Republik Kongo …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.