New York Republican State Committee


New York Republican State Committee
New York State Republican Committee
Chairman Edward F. Cox
Senate leader Dean Skelos
Assembly leader Brian Kolb
Headquarters 315 State Street
Albany, NY 12210
Ideology American Conservatism
Fiscal Conservatism
Center-right
National affiliation Republican Party
Official colors Red
Seats in the Upper House
32 / 62
Seats in the Lower House
51 / 150
Website
www.nygop.org
Politics of the United States
Political parties
Elections

The New York Republican State Committee is the affiliate of the United States Republican Party (GOP) in New York, headquartered in Albany.[1]

Contents

History

The New York Republican State Committee began in 1855 which was one year after the founding of the Republican Party of the United States. The two men that have been cited for the creation of the party are William H. Seward and Thurlow Weed [2]. When the committee first began the meetings were very infrequent. The committee would only meet every three years to make plans for the National Convention. They would meet however occasionally during the campaigning time period. The committee is now required to meet after every election.

Around the time of 1894 when immigration was at its peak, the New York State Constitution created an clause to where upstate New York would have reappointed districts so that there would be more votes per district. This allowed there to be more votes done of initial New Yorkers rather than the immigrants tip the balance of voters. It was not until 1974 when the US Supreme Court deemed that this clause was unconstitutional[3]. This created a turmoil in the politics of New York because the Republican party lost its hold on the legislation in the state level.

The New York Republican State Committee until 1911 nominated its candidates through a primary or caucus system. Because of this type of nomination system the average voter had very little input as to who would be a choice for the state and federal offices. This system was taken out of practice after 1911 once the Direct Primary Law was passed which allowed for more input from the people that were present at the primary [4].

Political ideology

The New York Republican State Committee is dedicated to the GOP views on various issues.

Energy

The party is opposed to the idea of a cap and trade due to its implications of a national energy tax. It is however in favor of a cooperation and trade relationship with other countries to trade and use energy from other countries. This party is also a big supporter of alternative fuels.

Marcellus shale formation in New York

Natural gas

The national Republican Party believes in the increase of production of American made energy and a reduction of dependence on foreign oil. One way the New York Republican State Committee is working towards this goal is to embrace the natural element of marcellus shale which can be drilled for to extract natural gas in the sourthern portion of the state of New York. [5]. This would require a mass amount of drilling very deep into the ground which would be very costly and time consuming. In 2008 Governor David Paterson approved a bill that extended the rules as to where the boundaries were where it was legal to drill for gas[6]. This bill protected the interests of the property owners that were being affected by the long term drilling. It was a worry that this would be misinterpreted that a new type of drilling was allowed and that it was easier to access a permit to drill. When push comes to shove, the bill only discusses the issue of spacing out the boundaries. It does not want to harm the environment.

Health care

The party opposes the idea of having the government run the health care system. It believes that it does not promote competition and it does not allow the people to have a choice in their health care. It does not want to raise the taxes of everyone but suggest to lower the health care costs overall. One way in which the party intends to reform the health care system is through Medicare (United States). It wants to compensate doctors more who are considerate and truly care for their patients. This reform also poses to allow every patient to have more of a choice in who their health care provider is. This means that there is more of a private practice of medication as well as treatment [7] Another way in which the New York Republican State Committee wants to improve upon the health care system is through Medicaid. The general idea is to allow there to be more options for the people to chose from. This means that people would purchase their own individual regular health insurance and the people would not have to deal the the federal government. The committee also is in support of what has been called health courts that was proposed by Philip K. Howard [8] These are medical malpractice courts that aim to stop unnecessary injustices between patients and doctors. Judges would resolve any issues which would set a precedent for doctors and patients.

Education

The New York Republican State Committee supports the idea of there being accountability of students and their own education. This would involve there being periodic testing of the basic concepts of education such as math, reading, history and geography. Building on the basics is what the committee wants to focus on[9]. The notion of there being a one size fits all policy is a concept that the committee does not support. It believes that this does not support the discipline or parental involvement that there needs to be in the education system. It supports home schooling and all-girl or all-boys school because it has a main purpose.

New York State has recently had many issues with property taxes. The property taxes are 70% above the national average [10]. It is in upper state New York where these taxes are the worst. To solve this issue of the property tax amount, there is a proposed idea to create a school property tax cap[11]. This would limit the annual tax increase to only 4% or the inflation rate, whichever is lower. The voters even have the choice to over ride the tax cap if they so choose. This tax cap would not include districts where new construction was occurring because it would deliberately increase the property value.

Marriage

The Republican Party does not support the legalization of gay marriage. It is in support of there being a constitutional amendment that protects the traditional marriage between a man and a woman. This is a goal not only for the state level but for the congressional level as well. The Defense of Marriage Act was a huge part of its platform. This affirmed the right of states not to recognize same-sex "marriages" licensed in other states [12]. However on July 24, 2011 under the Marriage Equality Act same sex marriages became legal in New York. The Marriage Equality Act does not have a residency restriction like some other states and allows religious organizations to decline from officiating same sex wedding ceremonies, similar to being allowed to decline to officiate inter-faith or interracial weddings [13] The GOP and the New York Republican State Committee are very family and value based so this has been an on going conflicting issue within politics.

Organization

Office Office-holder
Chairman Edward F. Cox
First Vice Chairman Vincent D. Reda
Secretary Rebecca Marino
Treasurer John Riedman
Chief of Staff Tony Casale
National Committeewoman Jennifer Saul
National Committeeman Lawrence Kadish

County Committee

Republicans in each of New York's 62 counties elect a Republican County Committee every two years. The chair of each county committee is the face of the Republican Party in that County. In addition, Republicans in each of New York's 150 Assembly Districts elect one female and one male district leader. The district leaders within each county make up the executive committee of the individual county committees. The chair along with the executive committee in each county are responsible for growing the party on the local level, as well as running the finances of the local party. They are responsible for finding candidates to run for public office, and when there are multiple candidates they choose which will get the party's nomination, unless both candidates have petitioned enough signatures to trigger a primary.

State Committee

Every Assembly District in each county elects one male and one female representative who together make up the New York State Republican State Committee. The State Committee runs the party on the state level, and they choose candidates to run for statewide offices. Before every statewide election the party holds a convention where the committee chooses candidate to run for all statewide offices. 60% of the vote is needed to win the party's nomination. If no candidate wins 60%, than any candidate that has received more than 25% of the vote goes on to compete in a primary held in September to win the nomination. Candidates who fail to win 25% of the committee's vote need to petition 15,000 signatures from voters around the state in order to get on the primary ballot.

The State Committee also elects one National Committeewoman and one National Committeeman to represent the party in Republican National Committee in Washington, D.C. The current National Committee members are Jennifer Saul, a Republican fundraiser and former chairwoman of the New York County Republican Committee, and Lawrence Kadish, a real estate developer from downstate New York.

Current elected officials

The New York Republican Party holds a majority in the New York State Senate and 8 of the state's 29 U.S. House seats.

Members of Congress

U.S. House of Representatives

Statewide offices

  • None

Legislative

The last Republican US Senator from New York was Alfonse D'Amato, who served three terms before being defeated in 1998 by current US Senator Chuck Schumer.

Famous Republicans from New York include Theodore Roosevelt, Fiorello LaGuardia, Nelson Rockefeller, Thomas E. Dewey, George Pataki and Rudy Giuliani.

Chairpersons[14]
Chair Tenure Hometown while serving
Edwin D. Morgan 1856 – 1858
1874 – 1875
Manhattan
James Kelly 1858 – 1860 Manhattan
Simeon Draper 1860 – 1862 Manhattan
Henry R. Low 1862 – 1863 Middletown
Charles Jones 1863 – 1865 Brooklyn
William R. Stewart 1865 – 1866 Manhattan
Hamilton Harris 1866 – 1870 Albany
Alonzo B. Cornell 1870 – 1874
1875 – 1877
1878 – 1879
Manhattan
John F. Smyth 1877 – 1878
1882 – 1883
Albany
Chester A. Arthur 1879 – 1881 Manhattan
B. Platt Carpenter 1881 – 1882 Stanford
James D. Warren 1883 – 1885 Buffalo
Chester S. Cole 1885 – 1887 Corning
Cornelius N. Bliss 1887 – 1889 Manhattan
John N. Knapp 1889 – 1891 Auburn
William H. Brookfield September 1891 – September 1894
Charles W. Hackett September 1894 – April 1898 Utica
Benjamin B. Odell, Jr. May 1898 – November 1900
April 1904 – September 1906
Newburg
George W. Dunn November 1900 – April 1904 Binghamton
Timothy L. Woodruff September 1906 – October 1910 Brooklyn
Ezra P. Prentice October 1910 – January 1911 Manhattan
William Barnes, Jr. January 1911 – September 1914 Albany
Frederick C. Tanner October 1914 – January 1917 Manhattan
George A. Glynn January 1917 – September 1922 Watertown
George K. Morris September 1922 – August 1928 Amsterdam
H. Edmund Machold August 1928 – June 1929 Watertown
William J. Maier June 1929 – November 1930 Seneca Falls
W. Kingsland Macy December 1930 – September 1934 Islip
Melvin C. Eaton September 1934 – November 1936 Norwich
William S. Murray January 1937 – April 1940 Utica
Edward F. Jaeckle April 1940 – November 1944 Buffalo
Glen R. Bedenkapp January 1945 – February 1949 Lewiston
William L. Pfeiffer 1949 – September 1953 Buffalo
Dean P. Taylor September 1953 – September 1954 Troy
L. Judson Morhouse September 1954 – January 1963 Ticonderoga
Fred A. Young April 1963 – January 1965 Lowville
Carl Spad February 1965 – May 1967 White Plains
Charles A. Schoeneck, Jr. May 1967 – April 1969 Syracuse
Charles T. Lanigan 1969 – November 1972 Utica
Richard M. Rosenbaum November 1972 – June 1977 Rochester
Bernard M. Kilbourn June 1977 – 1981 Utica
George L. Clark, Jr. March 1981 – July 1985 Brooklyn
Anthony J. Colavita September 19, 1985 – June 22, 1989 Westchester County
J. Patrick Barrett June 22, 1989 – January 14, 1991 Syracuse
William D. Powers January 14, 1991 – March 8, 2001 Rensselaer County
Alexander F. Treadwell March 8, 2001 – November 15, 2004 Westport
Stephen J. Minarik November 15, 2004 – November 15, 2006 Webster
Joseph N. Mondello November 15, 2006 – September 29, 2009 Hempstead
Edward F. Cox September 29, 2009 – present Manhattan

Republican Party today

In the election of November 2009, Republicans made big gains throughout the state especially in the more Democratic dominated Downstate. Republicans ousted incumbent Democratic county executives in Westchester County and in Nassau County. They also took control of county legislatures in Nassau, Dutchess, and Ulster counties, while growing their majority in many Upstate county, city, and town legislators. Republicans also picked up a number of New York City Council seats in Queens, and saw New York City Republican Mayor Michael Bloomberg reelected to a third term. Republicans made a number of significant gains in the Assembly in by-elections in early 2010, picking up two long held Democratic seats in Suffolk and Westchester Counties, while holding on to a seat in Nassau County. Republicans are hoping that the momentum carries on to November when all six statewide offices, the entire state legislature, and all of the state's congressional seats are up for election. They were (and remain) heavily favored to win the special election for the seat formerly held by Democrat Eric Massa, but Democrat Governor David Paterson has refused to call the election in a timely manner in accordance with state and federal law.

In the last election of November 2010, New Yorkers reelected the two incumbent Republican US House members, and in addition elected six new Republican House members, defeating five incumbent Democrats and winning one seat vacated by Democrat Eric Massa early in the year. Republicans took control in the State Senate, making Dean Skelos President Pro. Tem. of the Senate and Majority Leader. In the Assembly Republicans won 10 new seats, taking away the Democrats' two thirds supper majority. No Republican statewide candidates won their election. The closest election was the comptroller election in which incumbent Democrat Tom DiNapoli beat Republican Harry Wilson 49%-48%.

References

  1. ^ "Home." New York Republican State Committee. Retrieved on May 13, 2010.
  2. ^ Campbell, Sarah. "New York Republican State Committee Records." Archives of Public Affairs and Policy. Feb. 2003. http://library.albany.edu/speccoll/findaids/apap119.htm
  3. ^ Campbell, Sarah. "New York Republican State Committee Records." Archives of Public Affairs and Policy. Feb. 2003. http://library.albany.edu/speccoll/findaids/apap119.htm
  4. ^ Campbell, Sarah. "New York Republican State Committee Records." Archives of Public Affairs and Policy. Feb. 2003. http://library.albany.edu/speccoll/findaids/apap119.htm
  5. ^ "Marcellus Shale." New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. 7 Sept. 2011. http://www.dec.ny.gov/energy/46288.html
  6. ^ "Marcellus Shale." New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. 7 Sept. 2011. http://www.dec.ny.gov/energy/46288.html
  7. ^ "Republican Platform." GOP. 2008. Web. http://www.gop.com/2008Platform/2008platform.pdf
  8. ^ "Health Care Courts for New York." Welcome to New Yorkers for Growth. New Yorkers for Growth. Web. http://www.newyorkersforgrowth.com/health-care-courts.asp
  9. ^ "Republican Platform." GOP. 2008. Web. http://www.gop.com/2008Platform/2008platform.pdf
  10. ^ "New York's School Property Taxes." Welcome to New Yorkers for Growth. 2011. http://www.newyorkersforgrowth.com/school-property-taxes.asp
  11. ^ "New York's School Property Taxes." Welcome to New Yorkers for Growth. 2011. Web. http://www.newyorkersforgrowth.com/school-property-taxes.asp
  12. ^ "Republican Platform." GOP. 2008. Web. http://www.gop.com/2008Platform/2008platform.pdf
  13. ^ Crampton, Thomas; Michelle York (March 2, 2004). "Hoping Courts Will Address Same-Sex Marriage, Ithaca Begins Accepting Licenses". The New York Times
  14. ^ Kestenbaum, Lawrence (2010). "Republican state chairs, 1856–2008 (Incomplete!)". The Political Graveyard. Ann Arbor, Michigan. http://politicalgraveyard.com/parties/R/NY.html#17668. Retrieved 2011-04-12. 

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