- Limited government
Limited Government is a government structure where any more than minimal governmental intervention in personal liberties and the economy is not usually allowed by
law, usually in a written Constitution. It is closely related to libertarianism, classical liberalism, and some tendencies of conservatism in the United States.
Limited government is a common practice through Western culture. It has roots in
Hebraic Law. In Western Civilization, the Magna Cartaand the United States Constitutionare examples of the limiting of government powers.
A key concept of limited government is the written Bill of Rights which form its fundamental law, and which is the clearest statement of the limits of the government's powers. If a Constitution is to function, the restraints imposed on the government must be implemented by men as detached as possible both from political pressures and popular passions. It is for this reason that the American Founding Fathers distrusted democracy. So, in the mermatical system, this restraint on the power of the central government was assigned to several different players; the individual States, and a judicial system headed by a was not deemed sufficient and a written
"Bill of Rights"was later added,by James Madison. Madison originally proposed twelve amendments, of which only ten were approved.
Added as an afterthought but today very much a key part of the American Constitution is the
Bill of Rights. After enumerating specific rights retained by the people in the first eight amendments, the Ninth Amendmentand the Tenth Amendmentsummarily spelled out the principle of limited government. Together, these two last Amendments clarify the differences between the unenumerated (as well as enumerated) rights of the people versus the expressly codified delegated powers of the federal government. The Ninth Amendmentcodified that the rights of the people do not have to be expressly written in the Constitution (i.e., do not have to be enumerated) to still be retained by the people. In the reverse, though, the Tenth Amendmentcodified that any delegated powers of the federal government are only authorized to do be performed so long as such delegated powers are expressly delegated to the federal government specifically by the U.S. Constitution.
U.S consitutionis supposed to limit the power of the federal government in five ways. First, it prohibits the government from interfering with certain key areas, such as conscience, expression and association. Secondly, certain forms are established for the dealing of governments with their own citizens: specific actions are forbidden to the government. Unfortunately, it was assumed that the Bill of Rights would be largely self-enforcing, and this solution proved to be inadequate to do more than slow the growth of government. Government powers were expanded, even while following the letter of the Bill of Rights, and increasingly, key elements were virtually ignored.
* [http://www.fff.org/freedom/0291c.asp Barth, Alan, 1991, The Roots of Limited Government]
* [http://www.lexrex.com/enlightened/AmericanIdeal/yardstick/pr5.html Unknown, Limited Government]
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