Arthur Harden


Arthur Harden

Infobox_Scientist
name = Arthur Harden



image_size = 180px
birth_date = birth date|1865|10|12
birth_place = Manchester, England
death_date = death date and age|1940|6|17|1865|10|12
death_place = Bourne End, England
nationality = United Kingdom
field = Biochemistry
work_institution =
alma_mater = University of Manchester master,
University of Erlangen phd
doctoral_advisor = Otto Fischer
doctoral_students =
known_for = the chemistry of the yeast cell
prizes = Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1929)

Arthur Harden (October 12 1865 – June 17 1940) was an English biochemist. He shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1929 with Hans Karl August Simon von Euler-Chelpin for their investigations into the fermentation of sugar and fermentative enzymes.

Biography

Harden was born on 12 October 1865 in Manchester to Albert Tyas Harden and Eliza Macalister. He was educated at a private school and at Tettenhall College, Staffordshire, and entered Owens College in the University of Manchester in 1882, graduating in 1885. In 1886 he was awarded the Dalton Scholarship in Chemistry and spent a year working with Otto Fischer at Erlangen. He returned to Manchester as lecturer and demonstrator, and remained there until 1897 when he was appointed chemist to the newly founded British Institute of Preventive Medicine, which later became the Lister Institute. In 1907 he was appointed Head of the Biochemical Department, a position which he held until his retirement in 1930 (though he continued his scientific work at the Institute after his retirement).

At Manchester Harden had studied the action of light on mixtures of carbon dioxide and chlorine, and when he entered the Institute he applied his methods to the investigation of biological phenomena such as the chemical action of bacteria and alcoholic fermentation. He studied the breakdown products of glucose and the chemistry of the yeast cell, and produced a series of papers on the antiscorbutic and antineuritic vitamins.

Harden was knighted in 1926, and received several honorary doctorates. A Fellow of the Royal Society, he received the Davy Medal in 1935.

He was married with no children. His wife died in 1928, and Sir Arthur died at his home in Bourne End, Buckinghamshire on 17 June 1940.

References

*cite journal | author=F. G. Hopkins; C. J. Martin | title=Arthur Harden. 1865-1940 | journal= Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society | year=1942 | volume=4 | issue=11 | pages=2–14 | url=http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=1479-571X%28194211%294%3A11%3C2%3AAH1%3E2.0.CO%3B2-T3 | doi=10.1098/rsbm.1942.0001
*cite journal | quotes=yes | last=Manchester | first=K L | authorlink= | year=2000|month=. | title=Biochemistry comes of age: a century of endeavour | journal=Endeavour | volume=24 | issue=1 | pages=22–7 | publisher=| location= | pmid=10824440 | bibcode=| oclc =| id=| url=| language=| format=| accessdate=| laysummary=| laysource=| laydate=| quote=| doi=10.1016/S0160-9327(99)01224-7
*cite journal | quotes=yes | last=Manchester | first=K L | authorlink= | year=2000|month=Feb. | title=Arthur Harden: an unwitting pioneer of metabolic control analysis | journal=Trends Biochem. Sci. | volume=25 | issue=2 | pages=89–92 | publisher=| location= | pmid=10664590| doi=10.1016/S0968-0004(99)01528-5


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  • Arthur Harden — Arthur Harden, 1929 Sir Arthur Harden (* 12. Oktober 1865 in Manchester; † 17. Juni 1940 in London) war ein britischer Chemiker. Harden erhielt 1929 zusammen mit Hans Karl August Simon von Euler Chelpin den Nobelpreis für Chemie „für ihre… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arthur Harden — Sir Arthur Harden (12 octobre 1865 à Manchester, Angleterre 17 juin 1940 à Bourne End, Angleterre) était un biochimiste anglais, co lauréat du prix Nobel de chimie de 1929 avec Hans Karl August Simon von Euler Chelpin… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arthur Harden — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Arthur Harden Sir Arthur Harden (n. Manchester, 12 de octubre de 1865 † Bourne End, Buckinghamshire, 17 de junio de 1940) fue un bioquímico y profesor universitario inglés galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Química… …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Chemienobelpreis 1929: Hans von Euler-Chelpin — Arthur Harden —   Die beiden Chemiker erhielten den Nobelpreis für ihre Forschungen über die Gärung von Zucker und deren Gärungsenzyme.    Biografien   Hans Karl August Simon von Euler Chelpin,* Augsburg 15. 2. 1873, ✝ Stockholm (Schweden) 6. 11. 1964; ab 1906… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Harden — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Arthur Harden (1865–1940), britischer Chemiker und Nobelpreisträger Cecil M. Harden (1894–1984), US amerikanische Politikerin Ingo Harden (* 1928), deutscher Musikkritiker und Autor James Harden (* 1989),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Arthur — /ahr theuhr/, n. 1. Chester Alan, 1830 86, 21st president of the U.S. 1881 85. 2. legendary king in ancient Britain: leader of the Knights of the Round Table. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Port Arthur Adamov Arthur Arthur s …   Universalium

  • Arthur — (as used in expressions) Adamov, Arthur Arthur, Chester A(lan) Arthur, paso Ashe, Arthur (Robert), Jr. Baldwin, James (Arthur) Balfour (de Whittingehame), Arthur James, 1 conde Bell, (Arthur) Clive (Heward) Bliss, Sir Arthur (Edward Drummond)… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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