- Emperor Kōan
was the sixth emperor of
Japanto appear on the traditional list of emperors. [Brown, Delmer "et a." (1979). "Gukanshō," p.252; Varley, Paul. (1980). "Jinnō Shōtōki," p. 90; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). "Annales des empereurs du japon," p. 5.]
No firm dates can be assigned to this emperor's life or reign. Kōan is regarded by historians as a "legendary emperor" because of the paucity of information about him, which does not necessarily imply that no such person ever existed. Rather, scholars can only lament that, at this time, there is insufficient material available for further verification and study.
Kojiki" and " Nihonshoki" only his name and genealogy were recorded. The Japanese have traditionally accepted this sovereign's historical existence, and an Imperial "misasagi" or tomb for Kōan is currently maintained; however, no extant contemporary records have been discovered which confirm a view that this historical figure actually reigned. He is considered to have been the fifth of eight emperors without specific legends associated with them, also known as the nihongo|"eight undocumented monarchs"|欠史八代,|"Kesshi-hachidai". Aston, William. (1998). "Nihongi," Vol. 1, pp. 145-146.]
Later generations may have included this name to the list of emperors of Japan, thus making him posthumously an emperor and assigning him as one of the early sovereigns and ancestors of the dynasty that has reigned unbroken since time immemorial. If he lived, at his time the title "tenno" was not yet used, and the polity he possibly ruled did certainly not contain all or even the most of Japan. In the chronicle which encompasses his alleged successors in beginnings of historical time, it becomes reasonable to conclude that Kōan, if he existed, might have been a chieftain or a regional king in early Yamato tribal society.
Jienrecords that Kōan was the second son of Emperor Kōshō, and that he ruled from the palace of "Akitsushima-no-miya" at Muro in what will come to be known as Yamato province. [Brown, p. 252.]
Kōan is a
posthumous name. It is undisputed that this identification is Chinese in form and Buddhist in implication, which suggests that the name must have been regularized centuries after the lifetime ascribed to Kōshō, possibly during the time in which legends about the origins of the Yamato dynastywere compiled as the chronicles known today as the " Kojiki". [see above] ]
* Aston, William George. (1896). "
Nihongi: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to A.D. 697". London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner. [reprinted by Tuttle Publishing, Tokyo, 2007. 10-ISBN 0-8048-0984-4; 13-ISBN 978-0-8048-0984-9 (paper)]
* Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). [
Jien, c. 1220] , " Gukanshō(The Future and the Past, a translation and study of the Gukanshō, an interpretative history of Japan written in 1219)." Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-03460-0
* Titsingh, Isaac, ed. (1834). [Siyun-sai Rin-siyo/
Hayashi Gahō, 1652] , " Nipon o daï itsi ran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon, tr. par M. Isaac Titsingh avec l'aide de plusieurs interprètes attachés au comptoir hollandais de Nangasaki; ouvrage re., complété et cor. sur l'original japonais-chinois, accompagné de notes et précédé d'un Aperçu d'histoire mythologique du Japon, par M. J. Klaproth." Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. [http://books.google.com/books?id=18oNAAAAIAAJ&dq=nipon+o+dai+itsi+ran ...Click link for digitized, full-text copy of this book (in French)]
* Varley, H. Paul , ed. (1980). [
Kitabatake Chikafusa, 1359] , " Jinnō Shōtōki("A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa" translated by H. Paul Varley)." New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-04940-4
Emperor of Japan
List of Emperors of Japan
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Koan (disambiguation) — Koan may refer to:* A legal case, as in The Cases of Judge Dee, 狄公安 Di Gongan in Chinese * Kōan 公安, a case, story, dialog, question, or statement in the history and lore of Chan (Zen) Buddhism * Emperor Kōan, an Emperor of Japan * Koōn (公安), a… … Wikipedia
Koan (empereur) — Kōan (empereur) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kōan. L empereur Kōan (孝安天皇, Kōan Tennō) est le sixième empereur du Japon à apparaître sur la traditionnelle liste des empereurs. Aucune date certaine ne peut être attribuée à cet empereur et il… … Wikipédia en Français
Kōan (empereur) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kōan. L empereur Kōan (孝安天皇, Kōan Tennō) est le sixième empereur du Japon à apparaître sur la traditionnelle liste des empereurs. Aucune date certaine ne peut être attribuée à cet empereur et il est considéré par … Wikipédia en Français
Emperor Kōrei — was the seventh emperor of Japan to appear on the traditional list of emperors. [Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 252; Varley, Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 90 92; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 5 6.] No… … Wikipedia
Emperor Fushimi — (伏見天皇 Fushimi tennō ) (May 10, 1265 ndash; October 8, 1317) was the 92nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1287 through 1298. [Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du… … Wikipedia
Emperor Go-Uda — (後宇多天皇 Go Uda tennō ) (December 17, 1267 ndash; July 16, 1324) was the 91st emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1274 through 1287. [Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du … Wikipedia
Emperor Go-Kōgon — (後光厳天皇 Go Kōgon tennō ) (April 14, 1336 ndash; March 12, 1374) was the fourth of the Ashikaga Pretenders during the Period of the Northern and Southern Courts. According to pre Meiji scholars, his reign spanned the years from 1352 through 1371.… … Wikipedia
Kōan (Kamakura period) — nihongo| Kōan |弘安 was a nihongo|Japanese era name|年号,| nengō ,|lit. year name after Kenji and before Shōō. This period spanned the years from 1278 through 1288. The reigning emperors were nihongo|Go Uda tennō |後宇多天皇 and nihongo|Fushimi tennō… … Wikipedia
Emperor Meiji — Mingzhi redirects here. For other uses, see Meiji. Emperor Meiji 明治天皇 Emperor of Japan Reign 3 February 1867 – 30 July 1912 ( … Wikipedia
Emperor Tenji — Tenji Emperor of Japan (From Ogura Hyakunin Isshu) Reign 661–668 (regency) 668–672 Born … Wikipedia