- Monarchs of Malta
The Mediterranean islands of
Maltaand Gozohave been ruled by various European monarchies since their liberation from Arab rule by Count Roger the Norman. Foreign monarchical rule over Malta lasted a total of 874 years. The Crown of Malta was "patriated" for the first time in 1964, with the achievement of independence.
Between 1090 and 1530, Malta was a fully fledged, non-autonomous part of the
Kingdom of Sicilyand as thus had the same sovereign. A strong cultural (and, to a lesser extent, political) connection to Sicily survived from 1530 to 1798 throughout the 268-year rule over Malta by the Knights Hospitaller. However, the history, languages and culture of Malta and Sicily parted ways in a decisive and permanent manner in 1799, when Malta became a British Crown colony. British rule over Malta lasted 165 years, and for a further 10 years, Malta remained a Commonwealth realm. Malta adopted a republican constitution in 1974.
Non-autonomous part of Sicily
From the years 1090 until 1530, the
Maltese Islandswere simply part of the Kingdom of Sicily, with no autonomy, in a similar situation that Lipariand other small islands are today. Malta had the exact same king as Sicily, without the kings using "of Malta", but simply "of Sicily" in his title. In terms of the regional divisions of the islands, Malta Islandwas part the Valle di Mazzara province, Gozowas part of the Valle di Demona province and Cominowas part of the Valle di Noto province. Knights Hospitaller(1530 - 1798)
Although the Knights of St. John ruled Malta as sovereign princes, they held that privilege as a fiefdom, paying a tribute of one falcon per year to the
Viceroysof Sicily, payable on the feast of All Souls' Day.
List of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller
* Occupied by
First French Republic(1798 -1799)
= British Crown (1799 - 1964) =
House of Hanover
House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
1901–1910 [http://www.nndb.com/people/906/000068702/ NNDB Profile of Edward VII] . URL last accessed on
21 January 2007.] ||
House of Windsor
"The house name Windsor was adopted in 1917, during the
First World War. It was changed from Saxe-Coburg-Gothabecause of wartime anti-German sentiment. The heirs of Elizabeth II, by royal proclamation, will remain part of the House of Windsor (even though their legal surname is Mountbatten-Windsor)."
1910–1936 [ [http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=george5 King George V] . URL last accessed
21 January 2006.] ||
20 January– 11 December 1936[http://www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/windsor_2.htm House of Windsor - Edward VIII] . URL last accessed 23 March 2008.] || .]
1952 [http://www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/windsor_2.htm House of Windsor - George VI] . URL last accessed
21 January 2006.] || .]
1952–1964 [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/elizabeth_ii_queen.shtml BBC Historic Figures - Elizabeth II] . URL last accessed
21 January 2006.] || .] |
= Crown of Malta (1964 - 1974) =
Elizabeth II, Queen of Malta
1964–1974 [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/elizabeth_ii_queen.shtml BBC Historic Figures - Elizabeth II] . URL last accessed
21 January 2006.] || .] |
Malta acquired independence from Great Britain on
September 21, 1964, but remained a Commonwealth realm. On December 13, 1974, Malta became a republic, and since that date, its head of statehas been the President of Malta.
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