Cseszneky


Cseszneky

.

During the centuries the family hold several noble titles (Latin: "preadicatum", Hungarian: "nemesi előnév") after their lordships, among them: "de Cseszneg", "de Enese", "de Csécsény", "de Kisbabot", "de Szentkáta", "de Kisbudafa", "de Tejfalu", "de Nemesvarbók" and "de Milvány".

The clan Bána

The forefather of the clan was Count "Apa," de genere Bána who in 1230 occupied the lands of the Pannonhalma Abbey and killed the fishermen of the Benedictines.

Apa's son "Mihály" in 1225 was the equerry of King Andrew II of Hungary and other territories belonging to the Kingdom of Hungary, including the area of modern-day Slovakia. In 1241 Mihály performed several heroic deeds against the Mongolian invaders of Hungary (during the invasion in 1241-42) and for his braveness King Béla IV appointed him Count of Bolondóc.

Mihály's son, "Jakab" was the swordbearer of Béla IV and he held the title Count of Trencsén (today Trenčín, Slovakia). He had constructed the Castle of Csesznek in the Bakony mountains.

The Dynasty of Árpád died out in 1301 and in the conflict of succession to the throne the Csesznekys supported the claim of Charles I of Hungary. They fought against the rival pretender Wenceslas Przemyśl and against his supporter Máté Csák, de-facto ruler of the present-day Western Slovakia.

Due to the permanent dissensions the Csesznekys lost the most part of their estates, but in the 15th century King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary recompensed them with properties in Csallóköz (today Žitný ostrov, Slovakia).

The Cseszneky branch of the clan Bána

*A Count APA de genere BÁNA, diplomatice 1230Had issues: I-II.

*I. JAKAB de genere BÁNA, dipl. 1230

*II. Count MIHÁLY de genere BÁNA, royal equerry, Burgrave in Bolondóc, dipl. 1224-1244Had issues: 1-2.

*1. MIHÁLY de genere BÁNA dipl. 1270-1275

*2. Count JAKAB CSESZNEKY de Cseszneg et Visk, royal swordbearer, Count of Trencsén, dipl. 1239-1281= N. TRENCSÉNI de genere CSÁK (Daughter of Márk TRENCSÉNI de genere CSÁK, Count of Hont) (= II. Lőrinte de genere LŐRINTE)Had issues: a1-a5.

*a1. MIKLÓS CSESZNEKY de Cseszneg dipl. 1293-1329Had issue: b1.

*b1. DOMONKOS CSESZNEKY de Cseszneg

*a2. LŐRINC CSESZNEKY de Cseszneg dipl. 1293-1320

*a3. SZOMOR CSESZNEKY de Cseszneg et Gönyű dipl. 1293-1310Had issue: b1.

*b1. MIKLÓS CSESZNEKY de Réde et Gönyű dipl. 1324-1354. In 1342 acquired Pókatelek.= Anna N.Had issues: c1-c5.

*c1. JÁNOS SZOMOR de Pókatelek dipl.1379 + 1393= Ilona N. dipl. 1393"The SZOMOR de Pókatelek family has descended from him."

*c2. GYÖRGY CSESZNEKY de Pókatelek dipl. 1333

*c3. MÁTÉ CSESZNEKY de Pókatelek dipl. 1333

*c4. TAMÁS CSESZNEKY de Pókatelek dipl. 1379-1384

*c5. JAKAB CSESZNEKY de Pókatelek, dictus Fekete"The KONDÉ de Pókatelek et Újfalu family has descended from him."

*a4. PÁL CSESZNEKY de Cseszneg dipl. 1300 +1323= Ágnes N. (= II. Miklós, son of Count RAMANDE)

*a5. MIHÁLY CSESZNEKY de Cseszneg dipl. 1296-1303Had issues: b1-b6.

*b1. JÁNOS CSESZNEKY de Réde et Pázmándfalu, dictus Fejes, dipl. 1308-1329Had issue: c1.

*c1. JAKAB CSESZNEKY de Réde et Pázmándfalu, dictus Fejes dipl. 1323-1329

*b2. MIHÁLY CSESZNEKY de Réde

*b3. JAKAB CSESZNEKY de Réde

*b4. ISTVÁN CSESZNEKY de Réde

*b5. ANDRÁS CSESZNEKY de Réde

b6. MÁRTON CSESZNEKY de Réde

The Transdanubian branch

Another Cseszneky family was mentioned first in 1519 in Győr county. Their descendance from the above Csesznekys of the clan Bána is probable but not proven.

In 1526 when the disastrous battle with the Turks happened and Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia died in the battlefield, "György Cseszneky" was the chatelain of the Castles Tata and Komárom (today Komárno, Slovakia). In the struggle for the throne of Hungary between Voivode János Szapolyai and Archduke Ferdinand of Habsburg, György supported Ferdinand's claim. However, when Zápolya's commander Gáspár Ráskai laid siege to the Castle of Tata, György unwillingly yielded to the superior force and handed the castle over. Then he went to Pressburg to ask Mary of Habsburg's help. In 1528 he and Tamás Nádasdy occupied the castle of Győr for Ferdinand of Habsburg. Queen Mary, widow of King Louis II and sister of Ferdinand, appointed him royal court judge of Győr. Later György became a devoted follower of Protestantism and defender of the Lutheran faith. King Ferdinand I awarded him with the right of use of red sealing wax.

"Mihály Cseszneky" around 1559 was the vice chatelain of the Castle Várpalota and fought bravely against the Turks.

"János Cseszneky" (died in 1593) was a captain of foot-soldiers in Győr, while "Gábor" (1596, 1599) and "Mátyás Cseszneky" (1597) fought in the army of Ferenc Révay, Count of Turóc (slovak, country Turiec, today Slovakia).

"Benedek" took part in several combats against the Ottomans and in 1626 he was a peace negotiator between King Ferdinand II and Gabriel Bethlen, prince of Transylvania. King Ferdinand II donated to Benedek new properties in Southern Slovakia.

In the end of the 17th century several members of the family participated in the conspiracy headed by Count Palatine Ferenc Wesselényi and therefore their possessions were confiscated.

"János" (1673) and "Mátyás" (1692) studied at the University of Nagyszombat (in today Trnava, Slovakia).

"Erzsébet" was the mother of the famous polihistor, Mátyás Bél

After the defeat of Rákóczi the glory of the Csesznekys declined as well.

The Bácska branch

Another "János" in the midst of 18th century moved to Southern Hungary where he founded Szentkáta village.

"József" and "Imre Cseszneky" as officers of the national guard fought at Szabadka and "Mihály" as a volunteer at Csantavér against the Serbian rebels during the Revolution in 1848-1849.

"Ferenc" (1876-1923) was a mill industrialist and grain merchant with interests in Hungary and Croatia. In 1919 he was appointed commissioner of catering by the government of Count Gyula Károlyi.

Baron Gyula (Julius, Julije) (1914-??) was a poet, cavalry officer and adventurer. In 1941 Miklós Horthy, regent of the Kingdom of Hungary bestowed on him the title "vitéz Milványi", because of his bravery at Milvány village during the reannexation of Northern Transylvania. He was also the counsellor of King Tomislav II of Croatia, who confirmed his titles of nobility. In 1943, he was proclaimed Macedonian voivode.

After the World War II the descendants of the family mostly have lived in Hungary, Brazil, France and the United Kingdom.

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ources

* Árpád-kori okmánytár
* Bunyitay Vince: Egyháztörténelmi emlékek a magyarországi hitujitás korából
* Győr vármegye nemesi közgyűlési és törvénykezési jegyzőkönyveinek regesztái
* Fejér megyei történeti évkönyv
* Hofkammerarchiv Wien
* Hóman-Szekfű: Magyar Történet
* Jászay Pál: A magyar nemzet napjai a mohácsi vész után
* Szávay Gyula: Győr: monográfia a város jelenkoráról a történelmi idők árintésével
* Szíj Rezső: Várpalota
* Szlovák Nemzeti Levéltár
* Wertner Mór: A Bana nemről
* Jozef Fraňo: A tudós Bél
* Slachta bratislavskej stolice
* Horváth Mihály: A magyar nemzet története
* Seidl-Bonitz-Hochegger: Zeitschrift für Niederösterreichischen Gymnasien XIV.
* [http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Greece.html Worldstatesmen]
* [http://www.hostkingdom.net/soubalk2.html Regnal chronologies]
* [http://www.janoshalmavaros.hu/Hires.html Jánoshalma híres szülöttei, polgárai]
* [http://mek.oszk.hu/00800/00893/html/tart/00101.htm Szilágyi Sándor: A Magyar Nemzet Története]
* [http://evitez.extra.hu/busko/lengyel_emlekhelyek.pdf. Buskó András: Lengyel emlékhelyek]


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