- Music of Manchester
Manchesterhad an impressive music scene before 1976, with groups like The Hollies, The Bee Gees, Herman's Hermits, Wayne Fontana and The Mindbenders, Freddie and the Dreamersin the sixties and Barclay James Harvestand 10ccin the early to mid seventies, and with " Top of the Pops" being recorded by the BBCin the city. In 1965 Herman's Hermits outsold the Beatles , selling over 10 million records in seven monthsFact|date=January 2008. Manchester bands Freddie and The Dreamers, Wayne Fontana and The Mindbenders and Herman's Hermits topped the American Billboard charts consecutively between the middle of April 1965 and the end of May, with one week in 1965 where the three bands were numbers 1, 2 and 3 in the US Billboard top 100. With the exception of Graham Gouldman of 10cc and Eric Stewart of The Mindbenders (who built Strawberry studios in Stockport, Britain's first world class recording studio outside London) there was little reinvestment in Manchester from its successful sons and daughters.
4 June, 1976, the Sex Pistols, at the invitation of Howard Devotoand Pete Shelleyof Buzzcocks, played at the Lesser Free Trade Hall in Castlefield. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/manchester/content/articles/2006/05/11/110506_sex_pistols_gig_feature.shtml Sex Pistols gig: the truth] BBC Where I live - Manchester] In an audience of less than 42 people, several key members of Manchester's future music scene were present: Tony WilsonGranada TV presenter and creator of Factory Records, Peter Hook, Bernard Sumner(of Joy Division& New Order), Morrissey- later to form The Smithswith Johnny Marr- producer Martin Hannett, and Mick Hucknallof Simply Red. Another influential event was the release of Buzzcocks' "Spiral Scratch" EPin early 1977 - the first independent-label punk record. In the wake of The Buzzcocks releasing the first truly independent record onto the Punk scene, the old movers and shakers from Manchester music collective , Music Force who included producer Martin HannettTosh Ryan and Lawrence Beadle formed a local label called abid records who started putting out singles by local acts like Slaughter & The Dogs( Rob Grettonlater to manage Joy Division/New Order was their roadie/tour manager- all Wythenshawelads), John Cooper Clarkeand Ed Banger & The Nosebleeds(whose lineup included Vini Reilly) and licensed Jilted Johnby Jilted John to EMI records. This record company coincided with Tony Wilsonbringing the cream of both American and British punk; New Wave bands to the public on his acclaimed late night Granadashow "So It Goes". This meant that Manchester had the Sex Pistolson the TV long before they tipped up on LWTwith Bill Grundy(incidentally another Mancunian). unlike other major Cities Manchester had The Sex Pistols Anarchy tour play twice at The Electric Circus and it was these gigs more than the small Lesser Free Tarade Hall gigs which really lit a fire under Manchester's assorted musicians and gave them that do-it-yourself philosophy which defined British punk. When "So It Goes" finished on Granada , Tony Wilson still wanted an involvement in the local music scene , so started a night up at The old Russel Club in Hulme, called The Factory along with his friends soon to be business partners , Alan Erasmus and Alan Wise . Tony had been taking a great interest in Rabid records and it's set up and after working on the research for a feature for Granada TV about Rabid , he along with Alan Rasmus and Joy Division Manager Rob Gretton (the "Ideal for Living" EP had been distributed by Rabid) decided they would do their own version of Rabid records , but instead of churning out singles and then licensing the album deals to major labels (Slaughter& The Dogs debut appeared on Decca, John Cooper Clarke was licensed to CBS, and Jilted John to EMI) they would concentrate on Albums. The first album following the Factory sampler EP—which included Joy Division, Cabaret Voltaire, and Od—was " Unknown Pleasures" by Joy Division, recorded at Strawberry Studios in Stockport.
With the industrial revolution as its model, Factory Records played upon Manchester's traditions, invoking at once apparently incongruous images of the industrial north and the glamorous
pop artworld of Andy Warhol. While labelmates A Certain Ratioand The Durutti Columneach forged their own sound, it was Factory's Joy Division who somehow managed to grimly define what exactly it was to be a Mancunian as the '70s drew to an end. At the same time, and out of the same post punk energy, emerged Mark E. Smith's groundbreaking group The Fall, who would become one of the most inventive, original and prolific groups of the next three decades. New Orderrose from the ashes of Joy Division combining rock, pop, and dance music to earn much critical acclaim while selling millions of records. The group that would ultimately become the definitive Manchester group of the '80s was The Smiths, lead by Morrissey and Marr. With songs like 'Rusholme Ruffians' and 'Suffer Little Children', Morrissey sang explicitly about Manchester, creating songs that are as iconic of Manchester as the paintings of L.S.Lowry.
As the '80s drew to a close, a new energy arrived in Manchester, fuelled by the drug ecstasy. A new scene developed around
The Haçiendanight club (again part of the Factory Records ‘empire’), creating what would become known as the Madchesterscene, – the main proponents being the Happy Mondays, The Inspiral Carpets, and The Stone Roses. The history of the Manchester music scene over this period was dramatised in Michael Winterbottom's 2002 film " 24 Hour Party People".
After the "Madchester" period, Manchester music lost much of its provincial energy, though many successful and interesting acts were still to emerge. Other notable musical acts in Manchester have been
Take That, 808 State, M People, Oasis, The Verve, Magazine, The Durutti Column, A Certain Ratio, James, Badly Drawn Boy, Chameleons, Charlatans, Simply Red, Cleopatra, Michael McGoldrick, Elbow, Monomania, I Am Kloot, Autechre, Lamb, Marconi Union, A Guy Called Gerald, Goldblade, Mr Scruff, Oceansizeand Doves. Morrisseyand The Fall still continue to garner critical acclaim while Oasis remain the most popular, having played to more than 1.7 million people worldwide during their Don't Believe the Truthtour of 2005/early 2006.
Manchester's biggest popular music venue is the
Manchester Evening News Arena, which seats over twenty thousand, and is the largest arena of its type in Europe, with the City Of Manchester Stadium and Old Trafford's cricket grounds also providing large ad-hoc open air venues outside of the sporting season. Other major venues include the Manchester Apolloand the Manchester Academy. There are over 30 smaller venues for signed and unsigned artists of all genres to perform in, ensuring that the music scene in Manchester constantly remains vibrant and interesting. An area known as the Northern Quarter, considered the cultural and musical heart of the city, houses some of the more famous of these venues such as Band on the Wall, the Roadhouse and Night and Day Cafe, plus various other venues established in various pubs and clubs throughout the city.
Many Manchester bands, and those influenced by the city's musical heritage and unique atmosphere have immortalised it in song - see
List of songs about Manchester
The definitive independent northern resource is available at :
ManchesterMusic - An independent website established in 1999 cataloguing hundreds of local acts and with thousands of reviews available on-line
Other major long established websites with music review content include :
BBC Manchester's indispensible Music & Entertainment Section:http://www.bbc.co.uk/manchester/entertainment
Manchester Evening News (includes City Life) Music Pages:http://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/entertainment/music
High Voltage - long running Fanzine and Local Music Sitehttp://www.highvoltage.org.uk
The region is now served well by its own local radio shows, notably some regular weekly slots on BBC Radio GMR. However the recent addition of London based commercial station Xfm in the city has helped elevate the city's media facilities and the station has developed a real presence on the local live circuit. A more locally owned and dedicated Mancunian radio station is Revolution Radio (96.2 FM) which is based in Oldham, focusing a great deal of its airplay to local acts past and present.
The continued development of TV Broadcaster Channel M's (part of the Guardian Media Group) programming has provided a remarkable opportunity for many contemporary unsigned acts to appear on live television, with a high standard of production. With live venue recordings and regular unsigned shows broadcast most nights of the week, it all adds up to an unprecedented level of exposure for Manchester's new music.
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