Bowns Hill, Crich
Crich shown within Derbyshire
Population 2,821 (2001 census) OS grid reference Parish Crich District Amber Valley Shire county Derbyshire Region East Midlands Country England Sovereign state United Kingdom Post town Matlock Postcode district DE4 Dialling code 01773 Police Derbyshire Fire Derbyshire Ambulance East Midlands EU Parliament East Midlands UK Parliament Derbyshire Dales Website Crichweb List of places: UK • England • Derbyshire
Crich (//) is a village in Derbyshire in England. It has the National Tramway Museum inside the Crich Tramway Village, and at the summit of Crich Hill above, a Memorial Tower for those of the Sherwood Foresters regiment who died in battle, particularly in World War I.
Built in 1923 on the site of an older tower called Crich Stand, the Memorial Tower is the destination of an annual pilgrimage on the first Sunday in July. It is 1,000 feet (300 m) above sea level, and has 52 steps to the top. From there eight counties can be seen, including landmarks such as the Humber Bridge and Lincoln Cathedral.
In 1009 King Ethelred the Unready (signed a charter at the Great Council which recognised the position and boundaries of Weston-on-Trent and several other manors including Crich. The charter shows that Weston controlled the nearby crossings of the Trent. The land was listed as eight hides at Weston upon Trent, and a hide at Crich, Morley, Smalley, Ingleby and Kidsley. This land was then given to Morcar, the King's chief minister, and he was unusually given rights that were normally reserved for the King alone. He was given the responsibility for justice and exemption from the Trinoda necessitas, he alone could decide a fate of life or death without the need of the authority of the King or his sheriff. Morcar was given further lands in Derbyshire. Weston (and Crich?) again come under the control of Æþelræd Unræd, when Morcar and his brother were murdered by Eadric in 1015.
Parts of the Church of England parish church of Saint Michael are Norman, with later Decorated Gothic and Perpendicular Gothic alterations from the 14th century. Crich has also a Wesleyan Chapel that was built in 1770.
A workhouse was opened in 1734 on the edge of Nether Common. It could accommodate 40 inmates, and accepted paupers from other parishes, including Melbourne, Pentrich, Willington, Mercaston and Denby.
Crich was the setting for the ITV drama series Peak Practice (along with Ashover for a time). Crich is home to 'The Briars', a residential youth centre for the Catholic Diocese of Nottingham. It hosts approximately 5000 young people a year from across the East Midlands, working with them on personal, social and spiritual themes. Images of the village also appear in the 2007 film "And When Did You Last See Your Father" starring Colin Firth. In the film Firth is seen riding a motorbike up Chapel Lane.
Quarrying for limestone probably began in Roman times. In 1791 Benjamin Outram and Samuel Beresford bought land for a quarry to supply limestone to their new iron works at Butterley. This became known as Hilt's Quarry, and the stone was transported down a steep wagonway, the Butterley Company Gangroad, to the Cromford Canal at Bullbridge. Near there they also built limekilns for supplying farmers and for the increasing amount of building work. Apart from a period when it was leased to Albert Banks, the quarry and kilns were operated by the Butterley Company until 1933.
The gangroad, descending some 300 feet in about a mile, was at first worked by gravity, a brakeman "spragging" the wheels of the wagons, which were returned to the summit by horses. However, in 1812 the incline was the scene of a remarkable experiment, when William Brunton, an engineer for the company, produced his Steam Horse locomotive.
In 1840 George Stephenson, in building the North Midland Railway, discovered deposits of coal at Clay Cross and formed what later became the Clay Cross Company. He realised that burning lime would provide a use for the coal slack that would otherwise go to waste. He leased Cliff Quarry and built limekilns at Bullbridge. They were connected by another wagonway including a section known as "The Steep", a 550 yards (500 m) self-acting incline at a slope of 1 in 5.
Cliff Quarry closed in 1957, although a small amount of limestone extraction still occurs at the western end; it was bought by the Tramway Museum in 1959.
Hilt's Quarry closed in 1933 and is derelict. For 38 years, Rolls-Royce used it for dumping low-level radioactive waste such as enriched uranium, cobalt-60 and carbon-14. Following a campaign and blockades by villagers in the Crich and District Environment Action Group, dumping ceased in 2002. In 2004 the Government backed an Environment Agency document banning further dumping, and Rolls-Royce will be required to restore and landscape the site.
- ^ "Area selected: Amber Valley (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/viewFullDataset.do?instanceSelection=03070&productId=779&$ph=60_61&datasetInstanceId=3070&startColumn=1&numberOfColumns=4&containerAreaId=790351. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- ^ Crich Memorial, official site
- ^ a b Charter of Æthelred, The Great Council, 1009, accessible at Derby records
- ^ Pevsner & Williamson, 1978, page 156
- ^ a b c Pevsner & Williamson, 1978, page 157
- ^ Higginbotham, P. (2007), Workhouses of the Midlands, Tempus, Stroud. Page 27. ISBN 978-0-7524-4488-8
- ^ Cooper, B., (1983) Transformation of a Valley: The Derbyshire Derwent, Heinneman, republished 1991 Cromford: Scarthin Books
- ^ Belper News - End to Nuclear Dumping
- ^ Final victory for campaign, Emily Davies, Matlock Mercury, 30 June 2004
- ^ Eco Sounding, Paul Brown, The Guardian, August 4, 2004
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Williamson, Elizabeth (1978) . Derbyshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 156–157. ISBN 0 14 071008 6.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
crich — fonosimb. var. → 2cric … Dizionario italiano
Crich — This unusual name is of Anglo Saxon origin and is a locational surname deriving from either of the places called Crick , in Northamptonshire, new Rugby and in Monmouthshire near Chepstow. The place in Northants is recorded as Crec in the Domesday … Surnames reference
Crich beta-mannosylation — The Crich β mannosylation is a synthetic strategy which is used in carbohydrate synthesis to generate a 1,2 cis glycosidic bond. This type of linkate is generally very difficult to make, and specific methods like the Crich β mannosylation are… … Wikipedia
Crich Tramway Village — Tramway in Crich village Crich Tramway Village is the recreated historic village that is the setting for the National Tramway Museum in Derbyshire. The village is set around a period street, with several re built buildings from all over the… … Wikipedia
National Tramway Museum — Crich features working trams in a traditional street setting. This 1931 Leeds tram is about to pass under the historic Bowes Lyon Bridge The National Tramway Museum, at Crich, ( … Wikipedia
Crichton-Browne sign — Crich·ton Browne sign (kriґtən brounґ) [Sir James Crichton Browne, Scottish physician, 1840â€“1938] see under sign … Medical dictionary
Crichton — Crich•ton [[t]ˈkraɪt n[/t]] n. big Michael, born 1942, U.S. novelist … From formal English to slang
Tramcars of the National Tramway Museum — The National Tramway Museum in Crich, Derbyshire, has a large and diverse fleet of heritage tramcars, and aims to illustrate the complete development of the traditional British Tramcar. Where it is not possible to show this, tramcars from places… … Wikipedia
Centre for Research on Inner City Health — The Centre for Research on Inner City Health (CRICH) in Toronto, Ontario is Canada’s only hospital based research organization focused on the health consequences of urban life and social inequality. Founded in 1998, CRICH is based at St. Michael… … Wikipedia
Blackpool tramway — Double deck Balloon trams 700 (green) and 720 (black) at Bispham Overview Type First generation tramway L … Wikipedia