Bristol Byzantine


Bristol Byzantine

Bristol Byzantine is a variety of Neo-Byzantine architecture that was popular in the city of Bristol from about 1850 to 1880.

Many buildings in the style have been destroyed or demolished, but notable surviving examples include the Colston Hall, [cite web | title=The Colston Hall | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=379355 | accessdate=2007-03-13] the Granary on Welsh Back, the Gloucester Road Carriage Works, [cite web | title=No.104 The Carriage Works | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=380632 | accessdate=2007-05-02] and several of the buildings around Victoria Street. Several of the warehouses around the harbour have survived including the Arnolfini which now houses an art gallery. [cite web | title=Bush House | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=380204 | accessdate=2006-08-18] Clarks Wood Company warehouse [cite web | title= Clarks Wood Company warehouse | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=380529 | accessdate=2007-05-15] and the St Vincent's Works [cite web | title=St Vincent's Works and attached front area railings | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=380525 | accessdate=2007-05-02] in Silverthorne Lane and the Wool Hall [cite web | title=No.12 The Wool Hall, including the Fleece and Firkin Public House| work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=380514 | accessdate=2007-05-12] in St Thomas Street are other survivors from the 19th century.

tyle

Bristol Byzantine has influences from Byzantine and Moorish architecture applied mainly to industrial buildings such as warehouses and factories.

The style is characterised by a robust and simple outline, materials with character and colour including red, yellow black and white brick primarily from the Cattybrook Brickpit.

Several buildings included archways and upper floors unified through either horizontal or vertical grouping of window openings. [cite web | title=Bristol Byzantine | work=Looking at Buildings | url=http://www.lookingatbuildings.org.uk/default.asp?Document=3.C.1.6 | accessdate=2007-05-19]

The first building with some of the characteristics generally thought of a Bristol Byzantine is Bush House, which is now known as the Arnolfini a 19th century Grade II* listed [cite web | title=Bush House | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=380204 | accessdate=2006-08-18] tea warehouse situated on the side of the Floating Harbour in Bristol city centre. The architect was Richard Shackleton Pope, who constructed first the south part of the warehouse (1831) then extended it to the north in 1835-6. It has a rock-faced plinth, three storeys of rectangular windows recessed within tall round arches, and a shallow attic. [cite web | title=Bush House | work=Looking at Buildings | url=http://www.lookingatbuildings.org.uk/default.asp?document=3.C.1 | accessdate=2007-05-19]

The style may have come about as a result of the an acquaintance between William Venn Gough and Archibald Ponton, who designed the Granary and John Addington Symonds the Bristol-born historian of the Italian renaissance. The term Bristol Byzantine is thought to have been invented by Sir John Summerson.cite book |last=Brace |first=Keith |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Portrait of Bristol |year=1996 |publisher=Robert Hale |location=London |isbn=0709154356 ]

Architects

* R. Milverton Drake
* ? Foster
* William Bruce Gingell
* Edward William Godwin
* William Venn Gough
* John Henry Hirst
* Thomas Royse Lysaght
* Archibald Ponton
* Richard Shackleton Pope
* ? Wood

Examples of buildings in the Byzantine architecture style

* Carriage Works (1862)
* Clarks Wood Company warehouse (1863)
* Colston Hall (1860s)
* Former Gardiners offices (1865-1867)
* Gardiners warehouse (1865)
* Granary, Bristol (1869)
* 35 King Street (c. 1870)
* Robinson's Warehouse (1874)
* St Vincent's Works
* Warehouse premises of Hardware (Bristol) Limited (1882)
* Wool Hall, Bristol (1830)

Bristol Byzantine in the arts

Bristol Byzantine is also the name of a track by The Blue Aeroplanes on their 2006 album 'Altitude'.

References

See also

*Buildings and architecture of Bristol


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