- Collegium (ancient Rome)
Collegia could function as guilds, social clubs, or funerary societies; in practice, in ancient Rome, they sometimes became organized bodies of local businessmen and even criminals, who ran the mercantile/criminal activities in a given urban region, or rione. The organization of a collegium was often modeled on that of civic governing bodies, the Senate of Rome being the epitome. The meeting hall was often known as the curia, the same term as that applied to that of the Roman Senate.
By law, only three persons were required to create a legal collegium; the only exception was the college of consuls, which included only the two consuls.
There were four great religious corporations (quattuor amplissima collegia) of Roman priests. They were, in descending order of importance:
- Pontifices (also known as College of Pontiffs), headed by the Pontifex Maximus,
The Ancient Greek term for collegium is hetaireia and such organizations existed, from as early as the 6th century BCE in Athens.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
ancient Rome — ▪ ancient state, Europe, Africa, and Asia Introduction the state centred on the city of Rome. This article discusses the period from the founding of the city and the regal period, which began in 753 BC, through the events leading to the… … Universalium
Associations in Ancient Rome — In Ancient Rome, the principle of private association was recognized very early by the state; sodalitates for religious purposes are mentioned in the XII Tables [Gaius in Digest, 47. 22. 4] , and collegia opificum, or trade guilds,, were believed … Wikipedia
Outline of ancient Rome — Julius Caesar The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to ancient Rome: Ancient Rome – former civilization that thrived on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC. Located along the Mediterranean Sea and… … Wikipedia
List of topics related to ancient Rome — This is a list of topics related to ancient Rome that aims to include aspects of both the ancient Roman Republic and Roman Empire.*For an overview of the subject, see Ancient Rome.*For other articles not listed below, see and its… … Wikipedia
Collegium (disambiguation) — A collegium (plural collegia, joined by law ) may be: collegium (ancient Rome), a term applied to any association with a legal personality in ancient Rome. a significant example is the College of Pontiffs whose members were the highest ranking… … Wikipedia
ROME — ROME, capital of Italy. The Classical Period THE MIDDLE AND LATE REPUBLIC The earliest record of contact between Jews and the Roman Republic is the embassy sent by judah the Maccabee to Rome, headed by Eupolemos ben Joḥanan, and Jason ben Eleazar … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Glossary of ancient Roman religion — This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries. Ancient Roman religion … Wikipedia
Minor characters of Rome — There are several minor but significant characters featured in the HBO/BBC/RAI television series Rome. NOTE: Characters are listed in alphabetical order by character s first/only name Contents 1 Noble characters 2 Commoners 3 Other … Wikipedia
Historia antigua — Piedra de Rosetta, singularísimo objeto descubierto en 1799 y cuyo estudio permitió el comienzo del desciframiento de los jeroglíficos egipcios, lo que abrió el camino a una Historia Antigua desde nuevos supuestos metodológicos. La Edad Antigua… … Wikipedia Español
Diana (mythology) — Ancient Roman religion Marcus Aurelius (head covered) sacrificing at the Temple of Jupiter … Wikipedia