Kyrgyzstani som


Kyrgyzstani som

Infobox Currency
currency_name_in_local = Кыргыз сом ky icon Киргизский сом ru icon
image_1 = KyrgyzstanP15-1Som-1999(2000) a.jpg
image_title_1 = 1 Kyrgyz som (1999/2000)
image_2 = 100_Som_notes.jpg
image_title_2 = 100 Kyrgys som (2002)
iso_code = KGS
using_countries = Kyrgyzstan
inflation_rate = 6.4%
inflation_source_date = " [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2092.html The World Factbook] ", 2006 est.
subunit_ratio_1 = 1/100
subunit_name_1 = tyiyn
plural = som
plural_subunit_1 = tyiyn
used_coins = 10, 50 tyiyn, 1, 3, 5 som
used_banknotes = 1, 10, 50 tyiyn, 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000 som
issuing_authority = National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic
issuing_authority_website = www.nbkr.kg

The som (Kyrgyz: сом, sometimes transliterated as "sum" or "soum") is the currency of the Kyrgyz Republic in Central Asia. The ISO 4217 currency code is KGS. The som is sub-divided into 100 "tyiyn" (Kyrgyz: тыйын). The som was introduced in May 10, 1993, replacing the Soviet ruble at a rate of 1 som = 200 rubles.

Etymology

In the Soviet Union, speakers of Kazakh, Kyrgyz and Uzbek called the ruble the "som", and this name appeared written on the back of banknotes, among the texts for the value of the bill in all 15 official languages of the Union. The word "som" (sometimes transliterated "sum" or "soum") means "pure" in Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Uyghur and Uzbek, as well as in many other Turkic languages. The word implies "pure gold".

Coins

Coins exist in denominations of 10 and 50 tiyin (also spelt tyiyn & tyin), which are made of brass plated steel, and 1, 3 and 5 som, made of nickel plated steel. Coins were first issued in January 2008, and they are minted in Kazakhstan. There are several commemorative coins made of silver and gold, and a special collector's issue of brass 1 tiyin coin.

Banknotes

In 1993, the government issued 1, 10 and 50 tyiyn notes and the Kyrgyzstan Bank issued notes for 1, 5 and 20 som. In 1994, the Kyrgyz Bank issued a second series of notes in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 som. A third series followed from 1997 onwards in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 som.

Kyrgyzstani som is the second highest-valued currency unit in Central Asia.

ee also

* Economy of Kyrgyzstan

External links

* [http://coins.russian.ru/indexe.htm Coins of former Soviet republics] Standard numismatics external links
world_coin_gallery_1_url = Kyrgyzstan
world_coin_gallery_1_name = Kyrgyzstan
banknote_world_1_url = kyrgyzstan
banknote_world_1_name = Kyrgyzstan
dollarization_1_url = asia
dollarization_1_name = Asia
gfd_1_url = Kyrgyzstan
gfd_1_name = Kyrgyzstan
gfd_data_1_url =
gfd_data_1_name =
show_gfd_excel = Y


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