The Alexandrists were a school of
Renaissancephilosophers who, in the great controversy on the subject of personal immortality, adopted the explanation of the "De Anima" given by Alexander of Aphrodisias.
According to the orthodox
Thomismof the Roman Catholic Church, Aristotlerightly regarded reason as a facility of the individual soul. Against this, the Averroists, led by Agostino Nifo, introduced the modifying theory that universal reason in a sense individualizes itself in each soul and then absorbs the active reason into itself again. These two theories respectively evolved the doctrine of individual and universal immortality, or the absorption of the individual into the eternal One.
The Alexandrists, led by
Pietro Pomponazzi, boldly assailed these beliefs and denied that either was rightly attributed to Aristotle. They held that Aristotle considered the soul as a material and therefore a mortal entity which operates during life only under the authority of universal reason. Hence the Alexandrists denied the possibility of any form of immortality, holding that, since the soul is organically connected with the body, the dissolution of the latter involves the extinction of the former.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Alexandrists — Italian Renaissance philosophers, led by Pietro Pomponazzi (1462–1525), who followed the explanation of Aristotle s De anima given by Alexander of Aphrodisias (2nd–3rd century AD). Alexander held that De anima denied individual immortality,… … Universalium
Agostino Nifo — For other uses of Nifo, see Nitrogen and Fuel Oil. Agostino Nifo or Augustini Niphi or Niphas, Latinized as Agustinus Niphus or Augustinus Niphus, (c. 1473–1538 or 1545) was an Italian philosopher and commentator. Contents 1 Life 2 Theologian 3… … Wikipedia
History of Physics — History of Physics † Catholic Encyclopedia ► History of Physics The subject will be treated under the following heads: I. A Glance at Ancient Physics; II. Science and Early Christian Scholars; III. A Glance at Arabian Physics; IV.… … Catholic encyclopedia
Alexander of Aphrodisias — was the most celebrated of the Ancient Greek commentators on the writings of Aristotle. He was styled, by way of pre eminence, the expositor (polytonic|ὁ ἐξηγητής).cite encyclopedia | last = Jowett | first = Benjamin | authorlink = Benjamin… … Wikipedia
Active intellect — or agent intellect is a term used in both psychology and philosophy.PsychologyActive intellect, or active knowledge, is the psychological concept of knowledge being actively used (as opposed to passive knowledge). For example, if you are speaking … Wikipedia
Plutarch of Athens — (c. 350 430), was a Greek philosopher and Neoplatonist who taught at Athens at the beginning of the 5th century. He reestablished the Platonic Academy there and became its leader. He wrote commentaries on Aristotle and Plato, emphasizing the… … Wikipedia
Alexander Of Aphrodisias — ▪ Greek philosopher born c. 200 philosopher who is remembered for his commentaries on Aristotle s works and for his own studies on the soul and the mind. Toward the end of the 2nd century, Alexander became head of the Lyceum at Athens … Universalium
Alexandrist — ▪ Italian philosophy Italian Alessandristo, plural Alessandristi, any of the Italian philosophers of the Renaissance who, in the controversy about personal immortality, followed the explanation of Aristotle s (Aristotelianism) De anima … Universalium