- Frederick Richards Leyland
Frederick Richards Leyland (
30 September 1831– 4 January 1892) was a Liverpoolshipowner and art collector.
Leyland served as an apprentice in the firm of John Bibby, Sons & Co, where he rose to become a partner.
In 1867 he took on the tenancy of
Speke Hall, Liverpool and in 1869 bought a house in Londonat 49 Princes Gate.
He founded the Leyland shipping line in 1873.
Leyland's first commissions were to Rossetti and
James McNeill Whistler, and date from 1864 and 1867. Leyland collected Renaissance art, as well as that of the Pre-Raphaelites, Whistler and Albert Moore.
The Beguiling of Merlin, a painting by the Pre-Raphaelite painter Edward Burne-Jones, which was created between 1872 and 1877. The painting depicts a scene from Arthurian legend, the infatuation of Merlin with the Lady of the Lake, Nimue. Merlin is shown trapped, helpless in a hawthorn bush as Nimue reads from a book of spells.
In the 1870s Leyland commissioned Whistler to decorate his dining room. The resulting Peacock Room is considered one of Whistler's greatest works. After Leyland's death his widow sold the Peacock Room to the American industrialist and art collector
Charles Lang Freerwho had it dismantled and shipped to the United States. It now resides in the Smithsonian Museum's Freer Gallery of Artin Washington, DC.
Leyland died in 1892, one of the largest shipowners in Britain, and is buried in
Brompton Cemetery, London. [http://www.brompton.org/Residents.htm]
John Ellermanmade his first move into shipping by leading a consortium which purchased the Leyland Line of the late Frederick Richards Leyland. In 1901, Ellerman sold this business to J.P. Morganfor £1.2 million, which was immediately folded into the International Mercantile Marine Co..
funerary monumentis the only such work by Edward Burne-Jones- the finest Arts and Craftsfunerary monument in the UK, and Grade IIlisted.
Leyland married Frances Dawson (1834-1910) in 1855, but they separated in 1879.
They had four children together:
*Frederick Dawson (b. 1856)
*Fanny (b. 1857)
*Florence (b. 1859), married
Valentine Cameron Prinsep
* [http://www.whistler.arts.gla.ac.uk/biog/Leyl_FR.htm Biography]
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