- E major
seventh_pitch=Dmusic|sharp: "Also see:
E minor, or E-flat major." E major is a major scalebased on E, with the pitches E, Fmusic|sharp, Gmusic|sharp, A, B, Cmusic|sharp, and Dmusic|sharp. Its key signaturehas four sharps ("see below:" Scales and keys).
Only two of Haydn's 104 symphonies are in E major, No. 12 and No. 29. Even in the 19th Century, symphonies in this key were rare, with Bruckner's Symphony No. 7 being one of very few examples. "The key of E major is frequently associated with music of contemplation." [Philip Barford, "Bruckner Symphonies" Seattle: University of Washington Press (1978): 52]
More typically, however, some symphonies that begin in
E minorswitch to E major for the finale, such as Sergei Rachmaninoff's Symphony No. 2, Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Symphony no. 5 and Dmitri Shostakovich's Symphony No. 10. Johann Sebastian Bachcomposed a violin concerto in this key, Violin Concerto in E major.
Though it is a difficult key for wind instruments, it is acceptable for orchestral strings, and quite suitable for the
guitar. If available, clarinets in A should be used instead of clarinets in B-flat; the A clarinets would be written in G major, while the B-flats would be written in F-sharp or G-flat major.
The bells of
Big Ben(the Westminster Quarters) are tuned to the key of E major (the notes E, B, G-sharp and F-sharp).
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