- Simon Ramo
name = Simon Ramo
caption = Simon Ramo
May 13, 1913(age 95)
Salt Lake City, Utah
nationality = American
Intercontinental ballistic missile(ICBM)
Simon Ramo (born
May 13, 1913) is an American physicist, engineer, and business leader. He led development of microwave and missile technology and is sometimes known as the father of the Intercontinental ballistic missile(ICBM). He has been partly responsible for the creation of two Fortune 500 companies of the 1970s; Ramo-Wooldridge ( TRWafter 1958) and Bunker-Ramo (now part of Honeywell).
Ramo was born in
Salt Lake City, Utah, the son of Russian and Ukrainian immigrants who ran a small store. He entered the University of Utahat the age of 16, and earned a B.S. in Electrical Engineering. By 1936, at the age of twenty-three, he had earned dual PhD degrees from Caltech in Physicsand Electrical Engineering.
From 1936 until 1946 he led electronics research at
General Electric. He became globally recognized as a leader in Microwaveresearch and headed the development of GE’s Electron microscope. He also published textbooks on Fields and Waves in Modern Radio (1944) and Introduction to Microwaves (1945).
In 1946 he returned to
Californiato become director of research for the electronics department of Hughes Aircraft, and his career became coupled with that of Dean Wooldridge. Together they formed a successful team for many years, with Wooldridge concentrating on investment and general business aspects while Ramo led research, development and engineering. By 1948, Hughes had created its Aerospace Group to work with the newly created U.S. Air Force. Dr. Ramo became a Vice-President and the Group's Director of Operations. Ramo employed his skills in Systems Engineering to allow Hughes to deliver integrated RADAR and aircraft fire-control systems. He developed the air-to-air missile, creating the Falcon missile.
By 1953, both Ramo and the Air Force had become increasingly frustrated with management problems at Hughes. Ramo and Wooldridge were particularly concerned when
Howard Hughesavoided their attempts to discuss the problem. In September they jointly resigned, and within a week they formed the Ramo-WooldridgeCorporation on September 16, 1953.
In October 1953 an Assistant Secretary of Defense,
Trevor Gardner, created a committee to consider the future of guided missiles. This Strategic Missile Evaluation Committee (SMEC) was headed by John von Neumannand included both Ramo and Wooldridge. In four months, the committee produced their report and recommended that a crash program was needed to develop Intercontinental ballistic missiles, and that such a program might enable the United States to overtake Russian developments by 1959-1960.
The Ramo-Wooldridge Corp. became the lead contractor for the resulting Air Force program. With Dr. Ramo as the driving scientific and engineering officer, they succeeded. In 1958, an Atlas Rocket delivered a payload 5,000 miles downrange. The Atlas would go on to serve as the launch vehicle for NASA’s
Project Mercuryorbital flights, starting with John Glennin Friendship 7. USAF General Bernard Schriever, head of the ICBM program, described Ramo as "the architect of the Thor, Atlas, and Titan" rockets.
According to a July 30, 2002 article by Peter Pae, Los Angeles Times aerospace staff writer, Ramo’s comments are legendary for capsulizing complex ideas into off-the-cuff witticisms.
During a series of key experiments of ballistic missiles in the 1950s at Cape Canaveral, Florida, at which Ramo and Air Force General Bernard Schriever were observers, test rockets kept blowing up on their launch pads. When one missile rose about 6 inches before toppling over and exploding, Ramo reportedly beamed and said: “Well, Benny, now that we know the thing can fly, all we have to do is improve its range a bit.”
Ramo-Wooldridge merged with Thompson Products to become
TRW, and Simon Ramo became Vice-Chairman. In 1969, when TRW spun off their Space Technology Laboratories division, it became Bunker-Ramo, with Ramo as President, and expanded into the computer and communications technology fields.
During his long and successful career, Ramo has received numerous awards and fellowships. He has been honored by the
American Philosophical Society, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers(IEEE), the American Physical Society, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Ramo is also a founding member of the
National Academy of Engineering. [http://www.nae.edu/nae/naehome.nsf/weblinks/NAEW-4NHMJ7?OpenDocument]
Ramo has also authored dozens of books on topics ranging from science textbooks, corporate and technology management, society's relation to technology, economy, and how to play
In January 2008, he joined the faculty of the
University of Southern California's Viterbi School of Engineeringas a presidential chair and professor of electrical engineering. [http://www.usc.edu/uscnews/stories/14703.html Legendary Engineer Joins USC Viterbi] , USC News, January 10, 2008.]
Ramo lives in
Beverly Hills, California.
*Simon Ramo; "The Business of Science: Winning and Losing in the High-Tech Age; " 1988, Hill & Wang Pub (ISBN 0-8090-3255-4).
*Davis Dyer; "TRW: Pioneering Technology and Innovation since 1900;" 1998, Harvard Business School Press (ISBN 0-87584-606-8).
*Stephen B. Johnson; "The Secret of Apollo: Systems Management in American and European Space Programs;" 2002, The Johns Hopkins University Press (ISBN 0-8018-6898-X).
*G. Harry Stine; "ICBM; " 1991, Orion Books (ISBN 0-517-56768-7).
*Ernest Schwiebert; "A History of the U.S. Air Force Ballistic Missiles; " 1965, Praeger Publishers.
* [http://www.ieee.org/web/aboutus/history_center/biography/ramo.html Biographic sketch at IEEE website]
* [http://www.nae.edu/nae/naehome.nsf/weblinks/NAEW-4NHMJ7?OpenDocument List of Founding Members of National Academy of Engineering]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Simon Ramo — Simon Ramo, né en 1913, était un scientifique et ingénieur américain, qui participa à la mise au point de nombreux missiles et engins tactiques, puis au développement d une informatique de pointe, via la société Bunker Ramo, à l origine de la… … Wikipédia en Français
IEEE Simon Ramo Medal — The IEEE Simon Ramo Medal is an award for exceptional achievement in systems engineering and systems science, and was etablished by the IEEE Board of Directors in 1982. The medal is named for Simon Ramo, one of the founders of the TRW corporation … Wikipedia
Ramo-Wooldridge Corporation — était une société américaine de haute technologie fondée en 1953 par les chercheurs en électronique Simon Ramo et Dean Wooldridge (1913–2006). Né la même année, les deux fondateurs ont tous deux étudiés au California Institute of Technology puis… … Wikipédia en Français
Ramo — Den Familiennamen Ramo tragen: Karri Rämö (* 1986), finnischer Eishockeyspieler Simon Ramo (* 1913), US amerikanischer Ingenieur Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ramo, Simon — ▪ American engineer born May 7, 1913, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S. American engineer who made notable contributions to electronics and was chief scientist (1954–58) of the U.S. intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) program. From… … Universalium
Simon Mann — Este artículo o sección sobre biografías necesita ser wikificado con un formato acorde a las convenciones de estilo. Por favor, edítalo para que las cumpla. Mientras tanto, no elimines este aviso puesto el 12 de marzo de 2008. También puedes… … Wikipedia Español
Thompson Ramo Wooldridge — était une société américaine de haute technologie résultant de la fusion en 1958, la société fusionne avec Thompson Products de Ramo Wooldridge Corporation, fondée en 1953 par les chercheurs en électronique Simon Ramo et Dean Wooldridge… … Wikipédia en Français
Bunker Ramo — était une société américaine de haute technologie fondée en 1964 dans le Comté de Trumbull (Connecticut) par George M. Bunker et portant le nom du chercheur en électronique californien Simon Ramo. L opération prévoit alors l absorption de… … Wikipédia en Français
TRW — This article is about the defunct company. For the current company with a similar name, see TRW Automotive. This article is about the defunct company. For the Specific Area Message Encoding event, see Tropical storm warning. TRW Inc. Industry… … Wikipedia
List of systems engineers — This is a list of notable systems engineers, people who were trained in or practice Systems Engineering, and made notable contributions to this field in theory or practice.] * Virginia Lentz; Past president in 1996 of INCOSE. M * Robert Engel… … Wikipedia