- Battle of Skyhill
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Skyhill
caption=A stone on the battleground commemorating the conflict
Ramsey, Isle of Man
result=Annexation of the island, formation of the
Kingdom of Mann and the Isles
combatant2=The Manx led by
notes=The Battle of Scacafell or Skyhill took place in
Ramsey, Isle of Manin 1079. It was the third and final time that the Norse-Gaelwarrior Godred Crovaninvaded the island, taking it from Dublinand Orkney. His victory over the Manx brought together the Isle of Man with the Hebrides, establishing the Kingdom of Mann and the Isles.
At the time of the battle, the Isle of Man was part of a larger political entity called the
Kingdom of the Sudreys, which consisted of Man and the Hebrides. Godreds father, Harald the Black was king from c. 1035-1040, but on his death the kingdom appeared to come under the control of the Earls of Orkney. When their control over the islands lapsed around 1049, the throne passed to a distant relation of Harald the Black, Sigtrygg, whose brother was King of Dublin. His son, Godred II, who reigned until 1075, succeeded Sigtrygg.
In 1075 Godred II died and the throne was passed to Fingall, but he does not seem to have remained there long. In 1075, Godred Crovan assembled a fleet and an army, probably of Norse from the Hebrides, and attacked the island. He was repulsed, but was soon back for a second attempt. Again he was repulsed, but is during this period that Fingall disappears from the record, and it is probable he was killed during one of the invasion attempts. In 1079, Godred Crovan came back, and the chronicles are reasonably clear as to what happened next:
"A third time he gathered a massive force and came by night to the harbour which is called Ramsey, and three hundred men he hid in a wood which was on the sloping brow of the mountain called Sky Hill. At dawn the Manxmen formed up in battle order and after a massive charge joined battle with Godred. When the battle was raging vehemently, the three hundred rose from their place of hiding at their rear and began to weaken the resistance of the Manxmen and compelled them to flee. Now when they saw themselves defeated without any place for them to escape to, for the tide had filled the riverbed at Ramsey and the enemy were pressing constantly from the other side, those that were left begged Godred with pitiful cries to spare them their lives. Moved with compassion and taking pity on their plight, since he had been reared among them for some time, he called off his army and forbade them to pursue them further."
:— "Chronica Regum Manniae et Insularum" (The Chronicles of the Kings of Man and the Isles)
It has been suggested that Fingall died at this battle, but the otherwise detailed account neglects to mention this.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Kingdom of Mann and the Isles — Infobox Former Country native name = Suðreyjar ok Norðreyjar conventional long name =Kingdom of Mann and the Isles common name = Mann and the Isles continent=Europe region = Western Europe country = Scotland and the Isle of Man status= era=Middle … Wikipedia
Isle of Man — Ellan Vannin … Wikipedia
Kingdom of the Isles — Location of the Kingdom of Mann and the Isles in the twelfth century The Kingdom of the Isles comprised the Hebrides, the islands of the Firth of Clyde and the Isle of Man from the 9th to the 13th centuries AD. The islands were known to the Norse … Wikipedia
Scandinavian Scotland — History of Scotland This article is part of a series Chronologicy … Wikipedia
Dál Riata — Dalriada redirects here. For the neighbouring Irish kingdom sometimes called Dalaradia, see Dál nAraidi. For other uses, see Dalriada (disambiguation). Satellite image of Scotland and Ireland showing the approximate area of Dál Riata (shaded).… … Wikipedia
Shetland — For other uses, see Shetland (disambiguation). Shetland Sealtainn … Wikipedia
Orkney — This article is about the islands in northern Scotland. For other places of the same name, see Orkney (disambiguation). Orkney Arcaibh … Wikipedia
Earl of Orkney — See also: Earldom of Orkney The Earl of Orkney was originally a Norse jarl ruling Orkney, Shetland and parts of Caithness and Sutherland. The Earls were periodically subject to the kings of Norway for the Northern Isles, and later also to the… … Wikipedia
Darraðarljóð — is a skaldic poem in Old Norse found in chapter 156 of Njáls saga. The song consists of 11 stanzas, and within it twelve valkyries weave and choose who is to be slain at the Battle of Clontarf (fought outside Dublin in 1014 CE). Of the twelve… … Wikipedia
Chronicles of Mann — Chronicles of the Kings of Mann and the Isles Facsimile of the first page of the Chronicles. … Wikipedia