- Architects (Registration) Acts, 1931 to 1938
The Architects (Registration) Acts, 1931 to 1938 is the statutory citation for three Acts of the United Kingdom Parliament, namely:
* The Architects (Registration) Act, 1931 [ [http://www.aaruk.info/Legislation/Act31.PDF 21 & 22 Geo. 5. CH.33] ] ;
* The Architects (Registration) Act, 1934; and
* The Architects Registration Act, 1938 [ [http://www.aaruk.info/Legislation/Act38.PDF 1 & 2 Geo. 6. CH 54] ] .
These Acts have been amended and have been replaced as amended by the
Architects Act 1997[ [http://www.opsi.gov.uk/acts/acts1997/1997022.htm 1997 Chapter 22] ] , with effect from 21 July 1997.
From ARCUK in 1931 to ARB in 1997
Extent and citation of the Acts
By subsection 18(1), the originating Act of 1931 was to come into operation on 1st January 1932, save as otherwise provided in the Act; and by subsection 18(2), it was to extend to
Northern Irelandonly if an Order in Councilwas made to that effect. On the 1938 Act coming into force, the 1931 Act was to be construed as one with the Architects (Registration) Act, 1934 and the Architects Registration Act, 1938; those three Acts could be cited together as the Architects (Registration) Acts, 1931 to 1938; and in the 1938 Act the expression "principal Act" meant the Architects (Registration) Act, 1931.
Formation and duties of ARCUK
The Architects (Registration) Acts, 1931 to 1938 required the Architects' Registration Council of the United Kingdom (ARCUK) ("the Council") to set up, maintain and publish annually a register, in the manner prescribed by the Acts.
By subsection 3(1) of the 1931 Act the Council was to be a body corporate by the name of the
Architects' Registration Council of the United Kingdom, and it was expressed to be established for the purposes of the Act.
Architects Act 1997
The governing Act for the keeping and publication of the Register in the prescribed manner is now the Architects Act 1997. Its
: "An Act to consolidate the enactments relating to architects".
Amendments which had been made by Part III of the
Housing Grants, Construction and Regeneration Act 1996[ [http://www.opsi.gov.uk/ACTS/acts1996/1996053.htm 1996 Chapter 53] ] included (subsection 118(1)) renaming the Architects' Registration Council of the United Kingdom(ARCUK) as the Architects Registration Board(ARB). The 1996 Act also enacted the abolition of the statutory Board of Architectural Education(subsection 118(2)).
The effect of the 1996 Act was to repeal part of the Architects (Registration) Acts, 1931 to 1938 as then amended, and to amend and add to other parts. Those Acts, as amended by the 1996 Act, were then
repealedby the consolidation Actof 1997, which thereafter became the governing Act.
Subsection 13(1) of the Architects (Registration) Act, 1931 had conferred on the Council (ARCUK) a limited power to make regulations to prescribe anything which by the Act was specifically required or authorised to be prescribed (such as, the annual retention fee or regulating meetings and procedure of the Council) and "generally for carrying out or facilitating the purposes of the Act". But under subsection 13(2) any such regulations would have no force or validity unless previously approved by the
Privy Councilin the manner prescribed by section 13.
The Board now has limited powers under the Architects Act 1997 to make
rulesin the manner prescribed by the Act, but not to make regulations. This has not stopped the Board using the word "regulation" in ways which appear to be at some variance with the contemporary usage of Parliament as the legislator, or with the usage of persons or bodies practising in the regulatory field as commonly understood, such as: "regulation of the use of title" and "regulation of all aspects relating to the conduct and discipline of architects". These are certainly more than overstatements of the very limited powers for which the Board was actually reconstituted under the 1996/1997 legislation, which gave the Board no power over architects or the supply of architectural services as such, and where the restraint on the use of title is in fact prescribed by the legislation and not delegated to the Board, whose main function under the Architects Act 1997 is no more than to maintain and publish the Register of Architectsin the manner prescribed by the Act, its other functions being ancillary to that function, which in turn is for the purpose of enabling prosecutorsand courtsto ascertain whether a person is liable to conviction for infringement of the restriction on the use of "architect".
EU Directives and qualifications
It can be inferred that some risk of conceptual confusion about regulation has resulted from an apparent need to let the native language accommodate terms derived from the habitual idiom of Directives and other documents issued by the
European Union, formerly known as the European Economic Community, including Directive 85/384/EEC[ [http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/lex/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:31985L0384:EN:HTML 31985L0384] ] , referred to in the Architects Act 1997 in connection with the recognition of qualifications acquired in an EEA State ( European Economic Area).
The legitimate purposes of the
European Unioninclude : "the abolition, as between Member States, of obstacles to the free movement of persons and services".
This has been regularly recited in EU Directives, such as 2005/36/EC [ [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/site/en/oj/2005/l_255/l_25520050930en00220142.pdf L255/22 30.0.2005] ] of 7 September 2005 "on recognition of professional qualifications". That abolishing of obstacles has brought in its train a series of Directives by which the EEC/
EC/ EUhad been carrying out its functions vis-à-visMember States in connection with the mutual recognition of the qualifications of architects and certain other professions. It was pursuant to those Directives that a person from one Member State (or certain other states) wishing to practise in another might be required to produce a certificate of qualification; and that in the United Kingdom, the Architects Registration Board has been acting as the "Competent Authority" in respect of architects.
Revised arrangements were due to operate from 2007, pursuant to EU Directive 2005/36/EC. This Directive defines "competent authority" among other things as a body empowered by a Member State specifically to receive the applications and to take the decisions referred to in the Directive; and "regulated profession" as a professional activity one of the modes of pursuit of which is subject by virtue of legislative provision to the possession of specific professional qualifications.
From grant, 1932 to denial of right, 1942
The statutory Register of Architects
By subsection 3(3) of the originating Act of 1931 the statutory register was to be called the Register of Registered Architects. This was changed to the
Register of Architectsby subsection 3(3) of the 1938 Act, with effect from 1st August 1940. The name the Register of Architects has continued unchanged, and remains so under the Architects Act 1997.
"...take and use..."
long titleof the 1931 Act was:
: "An Act to provide for the Registration of architects and for purposes connected therewith."
and under section 10 persons who were entitled to apply for registration could thereby claim "to take and use the name or title 'Registered Architect'", as a statutory right, with effect from 1932.
That was radically altered by the 1938 Act, as its
: "An Act to restrict the use of the name Architect to Registered Architects and to extend the time within which practising architects may apply for registration".
Among other things, by section 1 of the 1938 Act, with effect from 1 August 1940, section 10 of the 1931 Act would be replaced by subsection 1(1) of the 1938 Act. The effect of this was that, instead of allowing qualified persons to use a statutory title if they chose to apply for it, restrictions on the use of the vernacular word "architect" were introduced which were to apply to all persons, including fully qualified practising members of the
Royal Institute of British Architectsor other chartered bodies, or societies or associations, of architects; and this innovation was imposed under threat of penalty on prosecution in the Magistrates Courts.
Warne Report[HMSO, 1993] was published in 1993, it was found that its principal recommendation was abolition of protection of the title "architect" and the disbanding of ARCUK. Instead [ [http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200102/cmhansrd/vo020617/text/20617w35.htm Hansard HC 17 Jun 2002 vol. 387 Part No. 159] ] , the Council has been reconstituted and renamed as the Architects Registration Boardand now operates under the Architects Act 1997.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Architects' Registration Council of the United Kingdom — Under an Act passed by the UK Parliament in 1931, there was established an Architects Registration Council of the United Kingdom (ARCUK), referred to in the Act as the Council . The constitution of the Council was prescribed by the First Schedule … Wikipedia
Architects Registration Board — The Architects Registration Board (ARB) is the statutory body for the registration of architects in the United Kingdom. It operates under the Architects Act 1997 as , a consolidating Act. It began under the Architects (Registration) Act, 1931… … Wikipedia
Architects Registration in the United Kingdom — It applies to England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.Section 2 of the Act prescribes that the Board shall appoint and regulate the functions ascribed to the Registrar. The Act refers to the Registrar by the masculine pronoun in the… … Wikipedia
Reform of Architects Registration — was the title of a UK government consultation paper dated 19 July 1994 which was issued by the Department of the Environment. The introduction stated that in October 1993 the Government had announced that the profession and others would be… … Wikipedia
Architects Act 1997 — Infobox UK Legislation short title=Architects Act 1997 parliament=Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland long title=An Act to consolidate the enactments relating to architects. statute book chapter=1997 Chapter 22… … Wikipedia
Register of Architects — From 1932 there has been a statutory Register of Architects under legislation of the United Kingdom Parliament originally enacted in 1931. The originating Act contained ancillary provisions for entering an architect’s name in the register and… … Wikipedia
List of Acts of Parliament of the United Kingdom Parliament, 1920-1939 — This is an incomplete list of Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for the years 1920 1939. For acts passed prior to 1707 see List of Acts of Parliament of the English Parliament and List of Acts of Parliament of the Scottish… … Wikipedia
Board of Architectural Education — The Board of Architectural Education is no longer appointed. It had been a statutory body in the United Kingdom constituted under section 5 of the Architects (Registration) Act, 1931.The Act was citable with two amending Acts as the Architects… … Wikipedia
Warne Report — The Warne Report [ISBN 0 11 752749 1, Crown copyright.] was published by the United Kingdom Government in 1993. It was referred to in a government consultation paper on Reform of Architects Registration dated 19 July 1994. Eventually, certain… … Wikipedia
William H. White — In 1892 William H. White published The Architect and his artists, an essay to assist the public in considering the question is architecture a profession or an art in reply to Architecture, a Profession or an Art edited by Norman Shaw and T. G.… … Wikipedia