Donald Edward Garland


Donald Edward Garland
Donald Edward Garland
VCDonaldEdwardGarland.jpg
Born 28 June 1918 (1918-06-28)
Ballincor Ireland
Died 12 May 1940 (1940-05-13) (aged 21)
Lanaken Belgium
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  Royal Air Force
Years of service 1937-1940
Rank Flying Officer
Unit 12 Squadron
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Victoria Cross

Donald Edward Garland VC (28 June 1918 - 12 May 1940) born in Ballincor, County Wicklow, Garland was an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Contents

Victoria Cross

He was 21 years old, and a Flying Officer in No. 12 Squadron, Royal Air Force during the Second World War when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC.

On 12 May 1940, over the Albert Canal, Belgium, two bridges, Veldwezelt and Vroenhoven, were being used by the invading army, with protection from fighter aircraft, anti-aircraft and machine-guns. The RAF was ordered to demolish one of these vital bridges, and five Fairey Battle bombers were despatched with Flying Officer Garland leading the attack. They met an inferno of anti-aircraft fire, and the bridge was hit but not put out of commission. Garland and his navigator, Sergeant Thomas Gray, attacked the bridge at Veldwezelt. They died either crashing in the village of Lanaken, or in the hospital in Maastricht, Netherlands. Only one bomber managed to return to base.

Garland is buried at the Heverlee War Cemetery near Leuven in Belgium.[1]

Both Garland and Gray were awarded the Victoria Cross posthumously. Leading Aircraftman Reynolds, the third member of the crew, did not receive a medal because he was not in a "decision making" position. Garland's Victoria Cross is displayed at the Royal Air Force Museum in Hendon, England.

Memorials

A Vickers VC-10 Serial 'XR807' of 101 Squadron is named 'Donald Garland VC & Thomas Gray VC'

During 2005, to mark its 90th anniversary, No.12 Squadron RAF flew a Tornado GR4 with Fg Off Garland and Sgt Gray's name painted under its cockpit as a mark of respect.

There is a monument on the bridge to the operation.

References

Listed in order of publication year

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Garland (surname) — Garland is a surname, and may refer to* Alex Garland (born 1970), British novelist, author of the novels The Beach (1996), The Tesseract (1998), The Coma (2004), and the screenplay for Danny Boyle s 2003 movie 28 Days Later * Augustus Hill… …   Wikipedia

  • Donald Davidson — Donald Herbert Davidson (* 6. März 1917 in Springfield, Massachusetts; † 30. August 2003 in Berkeley, Kalifornien) war ein US amerikanischer analytischer Philosoph und ein Schüler von Willard Van Orman Quine.[1] Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Donald Davidson (philosopher) — Donald Herbert Davidson Portrait of Donald Davidson by the photographer Steve Pyke in 1990. Full name Donald Herbert Davidson Born 6 March 1917(1917 03 06) Springfield, Massachusetts …   Wikipedia

  • Donald Justice — Donald Rodney Justice Born August 12, 1925 Miami, Florida, U.S. Died …   Wikipedia

  • Donald Budge — Pays  États …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edward C. Moran — Edward Carleton Moran Jr. (* 29. Dezember 1894 in Rockland, Knox County, Maine; † 12. Juli 1967 ebenda) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1933 und 1937 vertrat er den Bundesstaat Maine im US Repräsentantenhaus. Werdegang Edward… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edward Hirsch Levi — Fichier:Edward levi.jpg Edward Levi Edward Hirsch Levi (26 juin 1911 – 7 mars 2000) fut un enseignant et homme politique américain qui fut Procureur général des États Unis de 1975 à 1977. Sommaire 1 Jeunesse …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edward Lucie-Smith — John Edward McKenzie Lucie Smith (born 27 February 1933) is a British writer, poet, art critic, curator and author of exhibition catalogues.He was born in Kingston, Jamaica, moving to the United Kingdom in 1946. He studied at The King s School,… …   Wikipedia

  • List of World War II topics (D) — # D 10 tank gun # D 8 Armored Car # D Day 1 # D Day (game) # D Day Dodgers # D Day Museum # D Day the Sixth of June # # D Day # D. C. Stephenson # D. C. Wimberly # D. Robinson # D. V. Peyton Ward # Döme Sztójay # Džafer beg Kulenović # Dachau… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Second World War Victoria Cross recipients — 182 Victoria Crosses were awarded to 181 service personnel for gallant acts carried out during the Second World War. The following 180 recipients were awarded the Victoria Cross for the Second World War (1939–1945). Charles Upham received the… …   Wikipedia