J. Philip Grime

J. Philip Grime

John Philip Grime is a prominent British ecologist and emeritus professor at the University of Sheffield [ http://www.shef.ac.uk/aps/staff/acadstaff/pgrime.html University of Sheffield] . He is best known for his CSR theory on plant strategies, for the unimodal relationship between species richness and site productivity (the "humped-back model"), for the Intermediate Disturbance Hypothesis, and for the DST classification (dominants, subordinates and transients).

Grime's 1979 book "Plant Strategies and Vegetation Processes" has been cited more than 1,200 times. Together with many influential scientific papers, it has made him a highly cited scientist. In an interview Grime has stated that "Ecology lacks a Periodic Table", quoting Richard Southwood [ [http://archive.sciencewatch.com/interviews/philip_grime.htm Interview with Peter Moore in ScienceWatch July/August 1996] ] .


He obtained his Ph.D. from University of Sheffield in 1960 and joined the staff of the Department of Botany in 1961. He worked at the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, U.S.A. from 1963 to 1964. He then reruned to the University of Sheffield and joined the "Unit of Comparative Plant Ecology", which had been founded in 1961 by professor Ian H. Rorison. Grime served as deputy director of the unit 1964-1989 and as director from 1989.


In 1997, he won the Marsh Ecology Award from the British Ecological Society and was awarded honourary membership of the Ecological Society of America. He was also Distinguished Visiting Ecologist at Pennsylvania State University in that year. In 1998, he became elected Fellow of the Royal Society and honourary doctor at University of Nijmegen. He has been honorary member of the British Ecological Society since 1999.

elected works

* [http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/250026a0 Vegetation classification by reference to strategies. Nature (1974) 250: 26-31] .
* [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0003-0147(197711%2F12)111%3A982%3C1169%3AEFTEOT%3E2.0.CO%3B2-X Evidence for the existence of three primary strategies in plants and its relevance to ecological and evolutionary theory. American Naturalist (1977) 111: 1169-1194] .
* "Plant Strategies and Vegetation Processes." Wiley. (1979) ISBN 0-471-99692-0
* "Plant Strategies, Vegetation Processes, and Ecosystem Properties." (2nd much expanded edition of the above) Wiley (2001) ISBN 0-471-49601-4
* [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-0477(199812)86%3A6%3C902%3ABOPDTE%3E2.0.CO%3B2-Q Benefits of plant diversity to ecosystems: immediate, filter and founder effects. Journal of Ecology (1998) 86: 902-910] .
* [http://dx.doi.org/10.1658%2F1100-9233(2006)17%5B255%3ATCATDI%5D2.0.CO%3B2 Trait convergence and trait divergence in herbaceous plant communities: mechanisms and consequences. Journal of Vegetation Science (2006) 17: 255-260] .
* [http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2006.01163.x Plant strategy theories: a comment on Craine (2005). Journal of Ecology, 95, 227-230] .


External links

* [http://www.shef.ac.uk/aps/staff/acadstaff/pgrime.html University of Sheffield] - staff biographical page for Grime
* [http://www.sciencewatch.com/interviews/philip_grime.htm ScienceWatch] - "University of Sheffield's Philip Grime: Strategic Advances in Plant Ecology" (interview)

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Philip Grime — J.P. Grime John Philip Grime est un écologiste britannique contemporain et professeur émérite à l Université de Sheffield. Il est l’auteur de Vegetation classification by reference to strategies, article publié dans la revue scientifique Nature… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Grime — may refer to:* Grime, a word for soot or other forms of dirt * Grime (music), a genre of music * GrimE, an adventure game engine * Grime (album), an album by Danish death metal band Iniquity * J. Philip Grime, a British ecologistee also*Grimes …   Wikipedia

  • Stratégies CSR — La théorie des stratégies CSR fût énoncée par John Philip Grime en 1974[1]. Selon lui il existe trois stratégies végétales principales selectionnées en réponse à différents facteurs environnementaux (biotiques ou abiotiques) : la compétition …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marsh Ecology Award — Премия Марша по экологии (англ. Marsh Ecology Award) британская премия за выдающиеся достижения в области экологии, которую вручают с 1996 года. Размер премии составляет £ 1,000. Лауреатами премии могут стать учёные любой страны мира. Премия …   Википедия

  • List of important publications in biology — Anatomy Commentary on Anatomy in Avicenna s Canon *Ibn al Nafis *Ibn al Nafis, Commentary on Anatomy in Avicenna s Canon , 1242.Description: The Commentary on Anatomy in Avicenna s Canon was the first publication to describe the pulmonary… …   Wikipedia

  • Per Brink Oikos Award — The Per Brink Oikos Award is a prize awarded annually from 2007 onwards to a world leading ecologist. The awardee is nominated by the editoral board and subject editors of the journal Oikos . The award consists of € 1500 and a statuette. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Intermediate Disturbance Hypothesis — The Intermediate Disturbance Hypothesis is an ecological hypothesis which proposes that biodiversity is highest when disturbance is neither too rare nor too frequent. With low disturbance, competitive exclusion by the dominant species arises.… …   Wikipedia

  • Nachhaltige Pflanzungen und Ansaaten — Beispiel für eine Nachhaltige Pflanzung und Ansaat in einem Hausgarten (mit Acker Glockenblumen, Muskatellersalbei und Nachtkerzen). Mit dem Begriff Nachhaltige Pflanzungen und Ansaaten werden naturnahe Pflanzungen und Ansaaten bezeichnet, di …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Christen C. Raunkiær — c. 1930 Born 1860 Lyhne, Denmark …   Wikipedia

  • List of ecologists — This is a list of ecologists, in alphabetical order by surname. A D* [http://www.wku.edu/ smithch/chronob/ADAM1873.htm Charles Christopher Adams] (USA) *Warder Clyde Allee (USA) * [http://www.wku.edu/ smithch/chronob/ANDR1907.htm Herbert Groves… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.