Major suit

Major suit

In the card game contract bridge, the major suits are spades () and hearts ()[1]. The major suits are of prime importance for tactics and scoring as they outrank the minor suits while bidding and also outscore them (30 per contracted trick for major suits—compared to 20 for minor suits). Much of the tactics of bidding in bridge revolves around the attempt by partners to find a "fit" in one of the major suits that will allow them to easily make a game contract. Of the two major suits, spades () rank higher than hearts ().

Suit combinations

Fundamentally, there are three ways to divide four suits into pairs: by color, by rank and by shape resulting in six possible suit combinations.

  • Color is used to denote the red suits (hearts and diamonds) and the black suits (spades and clubs).
  • Rank is used to indicate the major (spades and hearts) versus minor (diamonds and clubs) suits.
  • Shape is used to denote the pointed (diamonds and spades, which visually have a sharp point uppermost) versus rounded (hearts and clubs) suits.

In the event of widespread introduction of four-color decks, it has been suggested that the red/black distinction could be replaced by pointed bottoms (hearts and diamonds visually have a sharp point downwards, whereas spades and clubs have a blunt stem).

See also


  1. ^ Francis, Henry G., Editor-in-Chief; Truscott, Alan F., Executive Editor; Francis, Dorthy A., Editor, Sixth Edition (2001). The Official Encyclopedia of Bridge (6th ed.). Memphis, TN: American Contract Bridge League. pp. 826 (plus 60 page Bibliography). ISBN 0-943855-44-6. OCLC 49606900.  Page 277.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • major suit — n. (Bridge) A suit of playing cards which has higher scoring value; specifically, either spades or hearts. Contrasted with a {minor suit}, being either diamonds or clubs. [WordNet 1.5 +PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • major suit — n. Bridge spades or hearts: so called from their higher value in scoring …   English World dictionary

  • major suit — ma′jor suit′ n. gam hearts or spades, esp. with reference to their higher point values in bridge Compare minor suit • Etymology: 1915–20 …   From formal English to slang

  • major suit — noun (bridge) a suit of superior scoring value, either spades or hearts • Topics: ↑bridge • Hypernyms: ↑suit • Member Meronyms: ↑heart, ↑spade …   Useful english dictionary

  • major suit — Bridge. hearts or spades, esp. with reference to their higher point values. Cf. minor suit. [1915 20] * * * …   Universalium

  • major suit — noun Date: 1916 either of the suits hearts or spades having superior scoring value in bridge …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • major suit — noun Either of the suits of spades (♠) and hearts (♥), which rank higher than the minor suits (diamonds and clubs) …   Wiktionary

  • major suit — noun Bridge spades or hearts …   English new terms dictionary

  • major suit — /meɪdʒə ˈsut/ (say mayjuh sooht) noun Bridge hearts or spades (because they have higher point values) …   Australian English dictionary

  • Major (manga) — Major メジャー (Mejā) Genre Drama, Sport Manga : Major – Dramatic Baseball Comic Type Shōnen Auteur Takuya Mitsuda Éditeur …   Wikipédia en Français

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