Henry of Sandomierz


Henry of Sandomierz

Henry of Sandomierz or Henry of Sandomir (Polish: Henryk Sandomierski) (1127/1134 – 1166), prince of the Piast dynasty, duke of Sandomierz, son of Bolesław III the Wrymouth (1086–1138) and his second wife Salome of Berg (1093/1101–1144).

Henry was the third surviving son and according to his father’s disposition in the Act of Succession ruled over Duchy of Sandomierz (capital in Sandomierz). Some historians (for example M. Gładysz and D. Guttner) advance a hypothesis that he was the “King of the Poles” mentioned by the Greek chronicler John Kinnamos. If the theory were to be correct Henry would have been the commander of the Polish contingent in the Second Crusade in 1147. What is certain is that Henry ventured to the Holy Land in 1153-1154 (a number of Polish annals reported it under the year 1154 as did Jan Długosz in his Annals) and took part in the crusade under the command of King Baldwin III of Jerusalem. Henry close affiliation to crusading resulted in the establishment of a commandery of the Hospitallers (between 1154 and 1166) in Zagość. The manner of Henry’s death conforms with his crusading aspirations. Henry was killed on 18 October 1166, during a crusading expedition of his brother Bolesław IV the Curly against the pagan Prussians. His remains were probably buried in a crypt of a church in Wiślica, where his grave is marked by an ornamental tombstone donated by his younger brother and heir, Casimir II the Just.

References

*Balzer, O. Genealogia Piastów, Kraków, 1895.
*Gładysz, M. Zapomniani krzyżowcy, Warszawa, 2006.
*Guttner, D. "Henryk of Sandomierz." [in:] The Crusades: An Encyclopedia, Santa Barbara, 2006.
*Jasiński, K. Rodowód pierwszych Piastów, Warszawa, 1992.
*Mitkowski, J. "Henryk książę sandomierski." [in:] Polski Słownik Biograficzny, vol. 9, Wrocław, 1960-1961.

External links

* [http://eprints.infodiv.unimelb.edu.au/archive/00001942/01/Upload_Recent_Issues_in_Polish_Historiography_of_the_Crusades.pdf Polish Historiography of the Crusades]
* [http://ebooks.abc-clio.com/ebooks/9781576078631/pg_577.asp The Crusades: An Encyclopedia: Henryk of Sandomierz]

Persondata
NAME=Henry of Sandomir
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Henry of Sandomierz
SHORT DESCRIPTION= Duke of Sandomierz
DATE OF BIRTH=1127/1134
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=October 18, 1166
PLACE OF DEATH=Prussia


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Henry I the Bearded — ( pl. Henryk I Brodaty; de. Heinrich I der Bärtige; 1163 ndash; 19 March 1238), of the Silesian Dukes, (since the 18th century referred to as Silesian Piasts] of the Piast dynasty), was Duke of Lower Silesia from 1201. He was later also Duke of… …   Wikipedia

  • Mieszko III the Old — 19th century portrait by Jan Matejko High Duke of Poland Tenure 1173–1177 1191 1198–1199 1201 Predecessor Bolesław IV the Curly …   Wikipedia

  • Lesser Poland — For other uses, see Little Poland (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Lesser Poland Voivodeship. Lesser Poland superimposed on borders of current Polish voivodeships …   Wikipedia

  • Testament of Bolesław III Krzywousty — [ thumb|right|250px|Fragmentation of Poland betweens the sons of Bolesław:legend|lightgreen|Pomeranian vassals of the ruler of the seniorate province] The Testament of Bolesław III Krzywousty was a political act of Bolesław III Krzywousty, High… …   Wikipedia

  • Prussian Crusade — Baltic tribes and Prussian clans ca. 1200. The Prussian Crusade was a series of 13th century campaigns of Roman Catholic crusaders, primarily led by the Teutonic Knights, to Christianize the pagan Old Prussians. Invited after earlier unsuccessful …   Wikipedia

  • Collegiate church in Wiślica — The church in Wiślica at the end of the …   Wikipedia

  • Seniorate Province — For the state of Cracow between 1846 and 1918, see Grand Duchy of Cracow. Fore more modern territorial division of Kraków region, see Kraków Voivodeship. Duchy of Kraków Księstwo krakowskie (pl) Province of Poland …   Wikipedia

  • Mongol invasion of Poland — Part of the Mongol invasion of Europe The Mongols at Liegnitz to display the head of Henry II of Si …   Wikipedia

  • Mieszko I of Poland — Mieszko I Duke of Poland Portrait by Jan Matejko. Reign 962–992 Born ca. 930 …   Wikipedia

  • Poland — /poh leuhnd/, n. a republic in E central Europe, on the Baltic Sea. 38,700,291; ab. 121,000 sq. mi. (313,400 sq. km). Cap.: Warsaw. Polish, Polska. * * * Poland Introduction Poland Background: Poland is an ancient nation that was conceived around …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.