- Architecture of Iceland
The architecture of Iceland draws from
Scandinavian influences and, traditionally, was influenced by the lack of native trees on the island. As a result, grass- and turf-covered houses were developed.
The original grasshouses constructed by the original settlers of
Icelandwere based on Viking longhouses. The main room of the house was known as the "skáli", comprising of a central hearthand two raised platforms, known as "set". Some houses may have included an additional living space, the "stofa". This layout also incorporated a pantryand lavatorycite web |url=http://www.iit.edu/~fordrob/ |title=Icelandic Turf Structures |accessdate=2007-05-14] . Over the years, the layout became more compartmentalised, eventually to include a "baðstofa" (a heated saunaroom). In response to the colder Icelandic climate, the sleeping area was eventually moved into the "baðstofa". In around 1791, a gable-fronted design was proposed by Guðlaugur Sveinsson, which became widespread in the south of Icelandwhere the climate is warmer. Grasshouses are no longer constructed in Iceland, the few remaining examples are generally open to public.
The architecture of Iceland is mainly low rise. Houses and smaller municipal buildings are wood-framed, which are then clad with
wooden planks or corrugated metal. They are then painted in traditional bright colourscite web |url=http://www.blueshawk.info/texasflood/iceland_architecture.htm |title=Iceland Architecture |accessdate=2007-05-14] .
Architecture of Norway
Supreme Court of Iceland
* [http://www.iit.edu/~fordrob/ Icelandic Architecture]
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