Architecture of Iceland


Architecture of Iceland

[


thumb|250px|The_Perlan in Reykjavík.]

The architecture of Iceland draws from Scandinavian influences and, traditionally, was influenced by the lack of native trees on the island. As a result, grass- and turf-covered houses were developed.

History

Grasshouses

The original grasshouses constructed by the original settlers of Iceland were based on Viking longhouses. The main room of the house was known as the "skáli", comprising of a central hearth and two raised platforms, known as "set". Some houses may have included an additional living space, the "stofa". This layout also incorporated a pantry and lavatorycite web |url=http://www.iit.edu/~fordrob/ |title=Icelandic Turf Structures |accessdate=2007-05-14] . Over the years, the layout became more compartmentalised, eventually to include a "baðstofa" (a heated sauna room). In response to the colder Icelandic climate, the sleeping area was eventually moved into the "baðstofa". In around 1791, a gable-fronted design was proposed by Guðlaugur Sveinsson, which became widespread in the south of Iceland where the climate is warmer. Grasshouses are no longer constructed in Iceland, the few remaining examples are generally open to public.

tyle

The architecture of Iceland is mainly low rise. Houses and smaller municipal buildings are wood-framed, which are then clad with wooden planks or corrugated metal. They are then painted in traditional bright colourscite web |url=http://www.blueshawk.info/texasflood/iceland_architecture.htm |title=Iceland Architecture |accessdate=2007-05-14] .

References

ee also

* Architecture of Norway

Notable buildings

* Hallgrímskirkja
* Perlan
* Smáratorg Tower
* Supreme Court of Iceland

External links

* [http://www.iit.edu/~fordrob/ Icelandic Architecture]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Iceland Airwaves — is an annual music festival held in Reykjavík, Iceland on the third weekend of October. The festival spans five days (Wednesday Sunday) and its main focus is showcasing new music, both Icelandic and international.The first show was held in 1999… …   Wikipedia

  • Architecture of Denmark — Renaissance styled Frederiksborg Palace completed by Hans van Steenwinckel the Younger in 1620 …   Wikipedia

  • Iceland — Infobox Country native name = Lýðveldið Ísland conventional long name = Republic of Iceland common name = Iceland map caption = Location of Iceland (red) in Europe (white) national motto = national anthem = Lofsöngur official languages =… …   Wikipedia

  • Iceland Stock Exchange — NASDAQ OMX Iceland Kauphöll Íslands Type Stock Exchange Locat …   Wikipedia

  • Iceland — Islande Lýðveldið Ísland (is) République d Islande (fr) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Architecture of Norway — Storage …   Wikipedia

  • Architecture of Bosnia and Herzegovina — The architecture of Bosnia and Herzegovina is largely influenced by four major periods where political and social changes determined the creation of distinct cultural and architectural habits of the region. Contents 1 Medieval period 2 Ottoman… …   Wikipedia

  • Architecture of the Netherlands — Dutch architecture has played an important role in the international discourse on architecture in three eras. The first of these was during the 17th century, when the Dutch empire was at the height of its power. The second was in the first half… …   Wikipedia

  • Architecture of Croatia — St Jacobs Cathedral, Šibenik The architecture of Croatia has roots in a long history: the Croats have inhabited the area for thirteen centuries, but there are important remnants of the earlier periods still preserved in the country. Contents …   Wikipedia

  • Iceland Airwaves — Die Band Jakobínarína im Jahre 2006 auf dem Iceland Airwaves Das Iceland Airwaves ist ein seit 1999 jährlich in Reykjavík stattfindendes Musikfestival. Geschichte Das Festival findet erstmals 1999 als einmalige Veranstaltung in einem Hangar am …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.