- Road accident statistics on a model-by-model basis
Although various 'theoretical'
crash testing scenarios are popular in assessing car safety in UK the Department of Transport publish the actual level of road deaths in two-car injury accidents in each type of car. These statistics are available tabulated in the form of the "Cars: Make and Model: The Risk of Driver Injury in Great Britain" reports for 2003 and 2005, which are available from the link below:
The report does not address issues of
"active safety" or statistics of mortality and injuries in "single-vehicle accidents" (for instance,
Overall these statistics show a ten to one ratio of in-vehicle accident deaths between the least safe and most safe models of car.
The statistics show that for popular, lightly built cars occupants have a 6%–8% chance of death in a two car accident.(e.g. BMW 3 series 6%, mustang 8%, Honda Accord 6%). Traditional "safety cars" such as the
Volvos halve that chance (Volvo 700 4% incidence of death, Volvo 900 3%).
Despite poor performance in theoretical tests and criticism from media pundits
SUVs fare much better than 'safety cars' with the Jeep Cherokee and Toyota Land Cruiser giving 2% incidence of occupant death in actual two vehicle injury crashes. However, in multiple-vehicle crashes SUVs are probably between three (Bicycle Safety Almanac) and six (International Injury & Fatality Statistics) times more likely to kill the occupant of the other vehicle (car, cyclist, or pedestrian) than cars.
Overall the four best vehicles to be in are the
Jaguar XJseries 1%, Mercedes-Benz S-Class/ SEC 1%, Land Rover Defender1% and Land Rover Discovery1%.
Motorcyclist deaths within the England and Wales stand at 65% of the annual road death statistics, however scooters/mopeds up to 50cc only account to 3% of those deaths. Scooter/moped deaths where also founded that 2% of the scooter deaths were 17-19 year olds who had not taken the CBT (Compulsory Basic Training)
These statistics taken alone are incomplete. They do not take into account the demographics of drivers. The BMW 3 series and Subaru Impreza were both marketed as “performance cars” and more likely to be driven by young males, who were more likely as drivers to be involved (high speed) collisions. In contrast the Volvos were marketed as “safe” vehicles, bought and defensively driven by drivers with families. Similarly, neither Land Rovers were designed to be driven fast; speed being a major contributing factor to the seriousness of collisions. Therefore these are not straightforward guidance on which cars are “safe”.
It is important to note that these statistics relate to DRIVER deaths or injuries, not to passenger or pedestrian deaths or injuries.
(Statistics taken from DSA road deaths of 2005)
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