Casamance ( _pt. Casamança) is the area of Senegal south of The Gambia including the Casamance River. It consists of Basse Casamance (Baixa Casamança [Lower Casamance] ) (Ziguinchor Region) and Haute Casamance (Alta Casamança [Upper Casamance] ) (Kolda Region). Ziguinchor is its largest town.

Low-lying and hot, with some hills to the southeast, the economy of the Casamance relies largely on rice cultivation and tourism. It also has excellent beaches along its coastline, particularly at Cap Skirring.

The Jola are the dominant ethnic group in the Casamance, though they are economically disadvantaged as a whole in Senegal. Their economic condition has contributed to a separatist movement for the independence or autonomy of the Casamance, Movement of Democratic Forces of Casamance (MFDC) . The Casamance Conflict has, at times, led to violent confrontations with Senegalese forces and killings for decades at the end of the 20th century.

The Casamance was subject to both French and Portuguese colonial efforts before a border was negotiated in 1888 between the French colony of Senegal and Portuguese Guinea (now Guinea-Bissau) to the south, Portuguese losing the possession of Casamance, then the commercial hub of their colony. Casamance, to this day, has preserved the local variant of Kriol known as Ziguinchor Creole and the members of deep-rooted Creole community carry Portuguese surnames like Da Silva, Carvalho and Fonseca. Interest in Portuguese colonial heritage has been revived in order to exalt a distinct identity, particularly of Baixa Casamança.

The Casamance has average rainfall greater than the rest of Senegal.

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См. также в других словарях:

  • Casamance — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Plano de Senegal, indicando en rojo la región de Casamance. El área de Casamance es la parte del suroeste de Senegal y del sur de Gambia incluyendo el río Casamance. En la actual organización territorial de Senegal… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Casamance — (la) fl. côtier du Sénégal (300 km), au S. de la Gambie. Casamance (la) partie du Sénégal méridional (28 350 km²; 1 000 100 hab.), irriguée par le fl. Casamance. Elle correspond aux régions admin. de Ziguinchor et de Kolda. Cette rég. produit du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Casamance —   [ mãs, französisch], Fluss in Südsenegal (300 km lang, mündet in den Atlantik) und südlich von Gambia liegender Landesteil; Hauptort ist Ziguinchor; Erdnuss , Zuckerrohr , Reisanbau; im Casamance Ästuar Mangrove; im Küstenschelf Erdölförderung …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Casamance — (Casamanza), Küstenfluß Senegambiens, südl. vom Gambia, bis Sedhiu schiffbar …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Casamance — 12° 56′ N 15° 20′ W / 12.93, 15.34 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Casamance — Karte der Lage der Casamance in Senegal Typische Landschaft …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Casamance — ▪ region, Senegal       region of Senegal that lies south of The Gambia along the Casamance River. The region has ample rainfall, abundant in the south, and the lower course of the Casamance River is covered by dense vegetation; mangroves, oil… …   Universalium

  • Casamance — El área de Casamance es la parte del suroeste de Senegal y del sur de Gambia incluyendo el río Casamance. En la actual organización político administrativa de Senegal se corresponde con las regiones de Kolda Haute Casamance y Ziguinchor Basse… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Casamance (Fleuve) — Article connexe : Casamance. La Casamance Caractéristiques Longueur 320 km Bassin  ? …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Casamance (Fluss) — Casamance Der Casamance bei ZiguinchorVorlage:Infobox Fluss/KARTE fehlt Daten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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