Edmund I of England


Edmund I of England

Infobox British Royalty|Monarch
name=Edmund I
title=King of England


rank=10th
reign=October 27,939 – May 26,946
predecessor=Athelstan
successor=Edred
date of birth=921
place of birth= Wessex, England
date of death=death date|946|5|26|mf=y
place of death=
place of burial=Glastonbury Abbey
spouse=Ælfgifu; Æthelflæd of Damerham
issue=Eadwig
Edgar
father=Edward the Elder
mother=Edgiva of Kent

Edmund I (or "Eadmund") 922 – May 26 946), called the Elder, the Deed-Doer, the Just or the Magnificent, was King of England from 939 until his death. He was a son of Edward the Elder and half-brother of Athelstan.

Athelstan died on October 27 939, and Edmund succeeded him as king. Shortly after his proclamation as king he had to face several military threats. King Olaf I of Dublin conquered Northumbria and invaded the Midlands. When Olaf died in 942 Edmund reconquered the Midlands. In 943 he became the god-father of King Olaf of York. In 944, Edmund was successful in reconquering Northumbria. In the same year his ally Olaf of York lost his throne and left for Dublin in Ireland. Olaf became the king of Dublin as Olaf Cuaran and continued to be allied to his god-father. In 945 Edmund conquered Strathclyde but conceded his rights on the territory to King Malcolm I of Scotland. In exchange they signed a treaty of mutual military support. Edmund thus established a policy of safe borders and peaceful relationships with Scotland. During his reign, the revival of monasteries in England began.

Edmund was murdered in 946 by Leofa, an exiled thief. He had been having a party in Pucklechurch, when he spotted Leofa in the crowd. After the outlaw refused to leave, the king and his advisors fought Leofa. Edmund and Leofa were both killed:

But William, libro ij° de Regibus, seyth (says) that this kyng kepyng a feste at Pulkirchirche, in the feste of seynte Austyn, and seyng a thefe, Leof by name, sytte [th] er amonge hys gestes, whom he hade made blynde afore for his trespasses -- (quem rex prios propter scelera eliminaverat, whom the King previously due to his crimes did excile) -- , arysede (arrested) from the table, and takenge that man by the heire of the hedde, caste him unto the grownde. Whiche kynge was sleyn -- (sed nebulonis arcano evisceratus est) -- with a lyttle knyfe the [th] e man hade in his honde [hand] ; and also he hurte mony men soore with the same knyfe; neverthelesse he was kytte (cut) at the laste into smalle partes by men longyng to the kynge. -- Polychronicon, 1527 [http://books.google.com/books?id=2lQJAAAAQAAJ&q=HIGDEN]

Edmund was succeeded as king by his brother Edred, king from 946 until 955. Edmund's sons later ruled England as:
*Edwy of England, King from 955 until 957, king of only Wessex and Kingdom of Kent from 957 until his death on October 1 959.
*Edgar of England, king of only Mercia and Northumbria from 957 until his brother's death in 959, then king of England from 959 until 975.

References


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