- Jack Lester King
Jack Lester King (
March 9, 1934– June 29, 1983) was an American evolutionary biologist best known for co-authoring (with Thomas H. Jukes) a seminal paper on the neutral theory of molecular evolution, " Non-Darwinian Evolution". [Cite journal| volume = 164| issue = 3881| pages = 788–798| last = King| first = Jack Lester| coauthors = Thomas H. Jukes| title = Non-Darwinian Evolution| journal = Science| accessdate = 2007-05-13| date = 1969-05-16| url = http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/citation/164/3881/788| doi = 10.1126/science.164.3881.788| pmid = 5767777]
King was born in
Oakland, Californiaand received both undergraduate and doctoral training at the University of California, Berkeley, earning a Ph.D. in Zoology in 1963. From 1963 to 1969, he remained at UC Berkeley as a postdoctoral fellow in population genetics, then independent researcher in biophysics, at the Donner Laboratory. In 1969, King became a professor at University of California, Santa Barbara. ["Jack Lester King 1934–1983 Associate Editor of the "Journal of Molecular Evolution" October 1971–June 1983", in "Journal of Molecular Evolution", Vol. 19, No. 5 (1983), pp. 307-308]
King and Jukes' "Non-Darwinian Evolution", published in "Science" in 1969 shortly after
Motoo Kimurafirst mooted the neutral theory, brought together a variety of experimental evidence and theoretical arguments in support of the idea that the vast majority of mutations, at the molecular level, are neither beneficial nor harmful. As the intentionally provocative title implies, King and Jukes suggested that for most molecular evolution, genetic driftrather than natural selectionis the main factor. King himself was "a staunch but progressive Darwinian", but he enjoyed the strong reactions the paper provoked. ["Jack Lester King 1934–1983 Associate Editor of the "Journal of Molecular Evolution" October 1971–June 1983", in "Journal of Molecular Evolution", Vol. 19, No. 5 (1983), pp. 307-308. Quotation from p. 307.] This marked the beginning of the controversy over neutral evolution and the "neutralist-selectionist debate", primarily between organismal and molecular biologists, which would continue throughout King's career. His later work in this area focused on neutral substitutions, isoalleles, and the measurement of variation through electrophoresis. [ [http://content.cdlib.org/xtf/view?docId=hb4d5nb20m&doc.view=frames&chunk.id=div00082&toc.depth=1&toc.id=&brand=calisphere Jack Lester King, Biological Sciences: Santa Barbara] , "1985, University of California: In Memoriam", pp. 217-219, accessed May 13, 2007]
King became an associate editor of the "
Journal of Molecular Evolution" in 1971, shortly after the journal's founding. He co-authored a 1981 textbook, "Biology, The Science of Life". King died unexpectedly in 1983 from a brain hemorrhage caused by acute myelomonocytic leukemia. ["Jack Lester King 1934–1983 Associate Editor of the "Journal of Molecular Evolution" October 1971–June 1983", in "Journal of Molecular Evolution", Vol. 19, No. 5 (1983), pp. 307-308] King was survived by his second wife Ethel and their two children as well as six children from his first marriage.
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