Piracy Act 1837

Piracy Act 1837

The Piracy Act 1837 (c.88) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It abolished the death penalty for most offences of piracy, but created a new offence often known as piracy with violence, which was punishable with death. This offence still exists in the United Kingdom and in the Republic of Ireland, but is no longer punishable by death in either country.

Section 2 of the Act creates the offence of piracy with violence:

United Kingdom

The offences of piracy which existed in 1837 have since been abolished. The "crime of piracy" mentioned in section 2 is now defined by the Merchant Shipping and Maritime Security Act 1997 (in section 26 and Schedule 5), [http://www.opsi.gov.uk/acts/acts1997/97028--k.htm] which simply sets out articles 101 to 103 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (1982):

Article 101
"Definition of piracy"

Piracy consists of any of the following acts::(a) any illegal acts of violence or detention, or any act of depredation, committed for private ends by the crew or the passengers of a private ship or a private aircraft, and directed—::(i) on the high seas, against another ship or aircraft, or against persons or property on board such ship or aircraft; ::(ii) against a ship, aircraft, persons or property in a place outside the jurisdiction of any State; :(b) any act of voluntary participation in the operation of a ship or of an aircraft with knowledge of facts making it a pirate ship or aircraft;:(c) any act of inciting or of intentionally facilitating an act described in subparagraph (a) or (b).

Article 102
"Piracy by a warship, government ship or government aircraft whose crew has mutinied"

The acts of piracy, as defined in article 101, committed by a warship, government ship or government aircraft whose crew has mutinied and taken control of the ship or aircraft are assimilated to acts committed by a private ship or aircraft.

Article 103
"Definition of a pirate ship or aircraft"

A ship or aircraft is considered a pirate ship or aircraft if it is intended by the persons in dominant control to be used for the purpose of committing one of the acts referred to in article 101. The same applies if the ship or aircraft has been used to commit any such act, so long as it remains under the control of the persons guilty of that act.

Since this definition is restricted to the high seas, piracy in British territorial waters would today be treated as robbery, assault or attempted murder under the Offences at Sea Act 1799.

In 1998 the death penalty was abolished, and the maximum sentence is now life imprisonment.

Republic of Ireland

The Republic of Ireland abolished the death penalty for piracy in 1964. [http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/1964/en/act/pub/0005/index.html] The Act remains in force. [http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/isbc/bps1837.html]

ee also

*Capital punishment in the United Kingdom
*Capital punishment in Ireland
*Piracy Act 1698 (repealed)
*Piracy Act 1717 (repealed)
*Piracy Act 1721 (repealed)
*Judgement of Death Act 1823

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Piracy Act 1698 — The Piracy Act 1698 c.7 was an Act of Parliament of the Parliament of England passed in the eleventh year of William III. The long title of the Act is An Act for the more effectuall Suppressions of Piracy . [ William III, 1698 9: An Act for the… …   Wikipedia

  • Piracy Act 1717 — The Piracy Act 1717 was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain (1717 (4 Geo. 1) C A P. XI. long title An Act for the further preventing Robbery, Burglary, and other Felonies, and for the more effectual Transportation of Felons, and unlawful… …   Wikipedia

  • Piracy Act 1721 — The Piracy Act 1721 (c.24) was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain.The long title and preamble of the Act were:cquote| An Act for the more effectual suppressing of Piracy. Whereas the number of persons committing piracies, felonies, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Piracy — This article is about maritime piracy. For other uses, see Pirate (disambiguation). The traditional Jolly Roger of piracy …   Wikipedia

  • Piracy in Somalia — Map of areas under threat by Somali pirates. Pirates holding the …   Wikipedia

  • Crime and Disorder Act 1998 — Parliament of the United Kingdom Long title An Act to make provision for preventing crime and disorder; to create certain racially aggravated offences; to abolish the rebuttable presumption that a child is doli incapax and …   Wikipedia

  • Offences at Sea Act 1799 — The Offences at Sea Act 1799 (39 Geo III c.37) is an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain. The long title of the Act is An Act for remedying certain Defects in the Law respecting Offences committed upon the High Seas. It is still in force. It… …   Wikipedia

  • Edward Low — For other people named Edward Low, see Edward Low (disambiguation). Edward Low ca. 1690 – ca. 1724 …   Wikipedia

  • David Porter (naval officer) — David Porter Porter as a captain in the American Navy. Born February 1, 1780 …   Wikipedia

  • Moro Pirates — A Sulu pirate carrying a kampeli sword in his hand, a spear and a kris. The Moro Pirates, also known as the Sulu Pirates, were Muslim outlaws of the southern Philippines who engaged in frequent acts of piracy, primarily against the Spanish,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.