- Administrative districts in Baghdad
There are nine administrative districts in
Baghdad, the capital of Iraq, that correspond to the nine district advisory councils. The Baghdad Security Plan used these nine districts as the nine security districts.
These were formed in 2003 following the invasion of Iraq. District council members are selected from the 88 Neighborhood Advisory Councils in Baghdad. The number of neighborhood representatives on the district council is based upon the community's population. The Baghdad City Advisory Council consists of 37 members drawn from the district councils and is also based on the district's population. [" [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iraq/baghdad.htm Baghdad - 33°20'N 44°23'E] ",
GlobalSecurity.org, retrieved 5-12-2007.]
The districts are:
Karkh[Corporal Pruden, Todd. " [http://www.defenselink.mil/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=27637 Soldier Helps to Form Democracy in Baghdad] ", American Forces Press Service, U.S. Department of Defense, 12-12-2003.]
Karadah[" [http://www.defendamerica.mil/articles/june2005/a060105la2.html Zafaraniya Residents Get Water Project Update] ", DefendAmerica, U.S. Department of Defense, 7-1-2005.] [Frank, Thomas. " [http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/iraq/2006-03-26-councils-work_x.htm Basics of democracy in Iraq include frustration] ", " USA Today", 3-26-2006.]
Kadhimyah[" [http://www.defendamerica.mil/articles/mar2004/a031804d.html Army Engineering Battalion Helps Community Help Itself] ", DefendAmerica, U.S. Department of Defense, 3-18-2004.]
* Sadr City-Thawra [LaFranchi, Howard. " [http://www.csmonitor.com/2003/1205/p01s04-woiq.html Democracy from Scratch] ", "
The Christian Science Monitor", 12-5-2003.]
Rasheed[Specialist Dangel, Jason. " [http://www.defendamerica.mil/articles/sept2006/a091906dg2.html Leaders Highlight Successes of Baghdad Operation] ", DefendAmerica, U.S. Department of Defense, 12-19-2006.]
Rusafa[Specialist Del Rosario, Dereck; PDFlink|" [http://www.stewart.army.mil/frontlineonline/archivedpages/FrontlineOnline10-13-05News.pdf Iraq Army takes over four Iraq districts"] |3.36 MiB , "The Frontline", American Forces Press Service, 10-13-2005.
PDFlink|Major Goemaere, Russ. " [http://www.stewart.army.mil/frontlineonline/archivedpages/FrontlineOnline10-13-05News.pdf Iraq Police thwart homicide bombers"] |3.36 MiB , "The Frontline",
American Forces Press Service, 10-13-2005.]
* Tisa Nissan-New Baghdad (9 Nissan) [Specialist Miller, Andy. " [http://www.kcentv.com/news/c-article.php?cid=5&nid=235 Iron Horse Brigade aids Iraqi boy’s recovery] ", NBC 6, 7-30-2004.]
Formation of the current system
The City of Baghdad has 89 official neighborhoods within 9 districts. These official subdivisions of the city served as administrative centers for the delivery of municipal services but until 2003 had no political function. Beginning in April 2003, the U.S. controlled
Coalition Provisional Authority(CPA) began the process of creating new functions for these. The process initially focused on the election of neighborhood councils in the official neighborhoods, elected by neighborhood caucuses. The CPA convened a series of meetings in each neighborhood to explain local government, to describe the caucus election process and to encourage participants to spread the word and bring friends, relatives and neighbors to subsequent meetings. Each neighborhood process ultimately ended with a final meeting where candidates for the new neighborhood councils identified themselves and asked their neighbors to vote for them. Once all 88 (later increased to 89) neighborhood councils were in place, each neighborhood council elected representatives from among their members to serve on one of the city's nine district councils. The number of neighborhood representatives on a district council is based upon the neighborhood’s population. The next step was to have each of the nine district councils elect representatives from their membership to serve on the 37 member Baghdad City Council. This three-tier system of local government connected the people of Baghdad to the central governmentthrough their representatives from the neighborhood, through the district, and up to the city council.
The same process was used to provide representative councils for the other communities in
Baghdad Governorateoutside of the city itself. There, local councils were elected from 20 neighborhoods (Nahia) and these councils elected representatives from their members to serve on six district councils (Qada). As within the city, the district councils then elected representatives from among their members to serve on the 35 member Baghdad Regional Council.
The final step in the establishment of the system of local government for Baghdad Province was the election of the Baghdad Provincial Council. As before, the representatives to the Provincial Council were elected by their peers from the lower councils in numbers proportional to the population of the districts they represent. The 41 member Provincial Council took office in February 2004 and served until national elections held in January 2005, when a new Provincial Council was elected.
This system of 127 separate councils may seem overly cumbersome but Baghdad Province is home to approximately seven million people. At the lowest level, the neighborhood councils, each council represents an average of 74,000 people.
* [http://billroggio.com/maps/baghdadOOB06May2007.php Bill Roggio report map]
* [http://www.usnews.com/usnews/images/news/graphics/Baghdad_dist_map.gifU.S. News & World Report map]
* [http://www.humanitarianinfo.org/iraq/maps/280a%20A4%20Baghdad%20districts%20neighbourh%20300dpi.pdf United Nations humanitarianinfo.org map listing 89 neighborhoods]
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