- Beşiktaş J.K.
Football club infobox
current = Turkcell Super League 2007-08
fullname = Beşiktaş Jimnastik Kulübü
nickname = "Kara Kartallar" (The Black Eagles)
firstpin = BEŞİKTAŞ’S FIRST PIN
founded = 1903
BJK İnönü Stadium, Istanbul, Turkey
capacity = 32,806cite web| url=http://www.tff.org/Default.aspx?pageId=28&kulupID=3590 | title=Turkish Football Federation (TFF) Information Pages (2007-2008 Season) | accessdate=2007-12-02]
chairman = flagicon|Turkey
manager = flagicon|Turkey
League = Turkcell Süper Lig
season = 2007-08
Turkcell Süper Lig, 3rd
Beşiktaş Jimnastik Kulübü (commonly Beşiktaş, pronounced|bɛʃɪktɑːʃ) (English: "Beşiktaş Gymnastics Club") is a professional
sports clubbased in Beşiktaşdistrict in Istanbul, Turkey. Founded in 1903, and registered 13 January 1910, it is the first registered sports club in Turkey. [ [http://www.bjk.com.tr/tr/haberler.php?xl=tarihce&l=h&h_no=3298 Registration date] ] The club competes in numerous branches including football, basketball, volleyball, handball, athletics, boxing, wrestling, chess, cards bridge, gymnastics, rowing, table tennis, and paralympic sports.cite web
url=http://bjk.com.tr/tr/index.php?k_id=2 | title=Branches, Football | work=www.Besiktas.com.tr | accessdate=2007-12-02
url=http://bjk.com.tr/tr/index.php?k_id=4 | title=Branches, Basketball | work=www.Besiktas.com.tr | accessdate=2007-12-02
url=http://bjk.com.tr/tr/haberler.php?kat_no=3 | title=Branches, Volleyball | work=www.Besiktas.com.tr | accessdate=2007-12-02
url=http://bjk.com.tr/tr/yfs.php?kat_no=83&akat_no=10&tumu=E&k_id=6 | title=Branches, Handball | work=www.Besiktas.com.tr | accessdate=2007-12-02
url=http://bjk.com.tr/tr/haberler.php?xl=yazi&l=h&h_no=3464&k_id=7 | title=Branches, Athletics | work=www.Besiktas.com.tr | accessdate=2007-12-02
url=http://bjk.com.tr/tr/haberler.php?xl=yazi&l=h&h_no=3392&k_id=7 | title=Branches, Boxing | work=www.Besiktas.com.tr | accessdate=2007-12-02
url=http://bjk.com.tr/tr/haberler.php?xl=yazi&l=h&h_no=3393&k_id=7 | title=Branches, Wrestling | work=www.Besiktas.com.tr | accessdate=2007-12-02
url=http://bjk.com.tr/tr/haberler.php?xl=yazi&l=h&h_no=5088&k_id=7 | title=Branches, Chess | work=www.Besiktas.com.tr | accessdate=2007-12-02
url=http://bjk.com.tr/tr/haberler.php?xl=yazi&l=h&h_no=5958&k_id=7 | title=Branches, Cards Bridge | work=www.Besiktas.com.tr | accessdate=2007-12-02
url=http://bjk.com.tr/tr/haberler.php?xl=yazi&xl=yazi&l=h&h_no=3394&k_id=7 | title=Branches, Gymnastics | work=www.Besiktas.com.tr | accessdate=2007-12-02
url=http://www.bjk.com.tr/tr/haberler.php?xl=yazi&xl=yazi&l=h&h_no=3394&k_id=7 | title=Branches, Rowing | work=www.Besiktas.com.tr | accessdate=2007-12-02
url=http://bjk.com.tr/tr/haberler.php?xl=yazi&xl=yazi&l=h&h_no=3396&k_id=7 | title=Branches, Table Tennis | work=www.Besiktas.com.tr | accessdate=2007-12-02
url=http://bjk.com.tr/tr/haberler.php?xl=yazi&xl=yazi&l=h&h_no=3397&k_id=7 | title=Branches, Disabled Sports | work=www.Besiktas.com.tr | accessdate=2007-12-02]
The home ground of Beşiktaş is
İnönü Stadiumwith 32,145 seating capacity after the renovation conducted in 2004.cite web| url=http://bjk.com.tr/tr/haberler.php?xl=yazi&l=h&h_no=5452 | title=Kulübümüz >> BJK İnönü Stadı (Eng: Our Club: BJK Inonu Stadium) | accessdate=2007-12-02] The stadium is located by the Bosphorus, near the world famous Dolmabahçe Palace.cite news
title = Pele 'Beşiktaş' dedi (Eng: Pele said: "Beşiktaş")
url = http://www.ntvmsnbc.com/news/121521.asp
publisher = NTVMSNBC website
accessdate = 2007-10-21]
Beşiktaş is the first modern sports club in Istanbul, established during the late Ottoman period (1903). A group of 22 young individuals gathered on certain days of the week and did bodily exercises in the Serencebey neighborhood of Beşiktaş in the fall of 1902 in the garden of the mansion of Osman Paşa, who was then the Medine Guard. The sports branches that these youths, who included the sons of Osman Pasha, Mehmet Şamil and Hüseyin Bereket and the youths of the neighborhood, Ahmet Fetgeri, Mehmet Ali Fetgeri, Nazımnazif, Cemil Feti and Şevket, were horizontal bar, parallel bar, wrestling, weight lifting and gymnastics. When the men of Abdülhamit the Second, who had secret agents go around fearing any gathering activities because of political actions, heard about this; the exercising youths were taken to the police station after a raid. The tense situation was relaxed as some of these youths were close to palace officers and as they did not play soccer, which was in disfavor in those days, and as it was realized that they only did bodily exercises. In fact, Şeyhzade Abdülhalim, who had relations with the Palace, supported these youths and started to watch the practices frequently. Famous boxer and Wrestler Kenan Bey came to the practices and started to show wrestling and boxing tricks. Bereket Gymnastic Club was founded under a special permission in 1903. The sporting activities gained some more freedom with the declaration of Constitutional Monarchy in 1908. After the political events of March 31, 1909, Fuat Balkan and Mazhar Kazancı, who were in Edirne, came to Istanbul with the Movement Army. After the political events settled down, Fuat Balkan, who was a good fencing coach and Mazhar Kazancı, who was a good wrestler and weight lifter, found the youths involved in gymnastics in Serencebey and got them to agree to doing sports together. Fuat Balkan made the space under his home in Ihlamur the Club’s headquarters and the title of Bereket Gymnastics Club was changed to Beşiktaş Ottoman Gymnastics Club. Thus, a strong sports club; where gymnastics, wrestling, boxing, fencing and athletics were emphasized, was formed. Refik and Şerafettin Beys, friends of Fuat Bey, were too good fencers. In the meantime, Beşiktaş Ottoman Gymnastics Club became the first registered Turkish sports club on January 13, 1910 with the encouragement of Beyoğlu Governor Muhittin Bey. The interest among the youths of the neighborhood in the sports club grew and the number of members involved in sports suddenly went up to 150. The headquarters of the club was moved from Ihlamur to the building no. 49 in Akaretler. When this building was too small after a while; the building no. 84, again in Akaretler, became headquarters. The yard behind this building was turned into a sports pitch.
Some of the young patriots from the
Beşiktaşdistrict of İstanbulformed two football clubs called "Valideçeşme" and "Basiret", under the leadership of Şeref Bey. Valideçeşme and Basiret football clubs joined under Beşiktaş Ottoman Gymnastics Club in 1911. In a very short time, football became the foremost branch in the club.
The original colours of the team were "red and white", but these were substituted with the present "black and white" as a sign of mourning for the loss of Turkish lands on the
Balkan peninsulafollowing the Balkan Wars(1912-1913). Beşiktaş Jimnastik Kulübü was the only sports club in Turkey and the team served as the Turkish national team for some occasions. Therefore, Beşiktaş JK is the only Turkish club which is allowed to carry the Turkish flag on its badge.
Legend of the Black Eagles (Nicknames)
The nickname of Beşiktaş is the
Black Eagle. It was first used in 1940s and established among fans and Turkish football history since then.
Beşiktaş, the title holder of the previous two seasons started the 1940-41 season with a young and renewed team. Beşiktaş, which opened up its lead as weeks went by, was the leader in the league. Five weeks remaining to the end, the opponent was Süleymaniye. Beşiktaş had started the game in Şeref Stadium refereed by Semih Turansoy on Sunday
January 19, 1941, with the following players: Faruk, Yavuz, İbrahim, Rıfat, Halil, Hüseyin, Şakir, Hakkı, Şükrü, Şeref, Eşref. As in all games of that season, the team played magnificently. Half way through the second half of the game, Beşiktaş attacked endlessly despite being in front. Just then, a voice was heard from Şeref Stadı stands towards which Beşiktaş was attacking where there was an Atatürk panel. "Come on Black Eagles. Attack Black Eagles". Thousands of fans and journalists following the game that filled Şeref Stadium were frozen by the echoing sound. What was done was an extremely correct observation. It was not possible to describe the Beşiktaş players who crushed over their opponents that season as anything other than “Black Eagles” and the football they played as anything other than “Attacking like Black Eagles”. The owner of the voice coming from the stands was a fisherman called Mehmet Galin. Beşiktaş closed the game with a 6-0 win with 3 magnificent goals volleyed in by Şeref Görkey, who was known as volleyer Şeref and one goal each by Captain Hakkı, Şakir and Şükrü.
Another nickname of the club is "Sekiztaş", which is given after the historical
Champions Leaguematch against Liverpool that ended up with a score of 8-0 in 6th of November, 2007. The annoying nickname "Sekiztaş" means eight-stone ("sekiz": eight, "taş": stone) in Turkish.
Beşiktaş had their most successful run in the
Turkish Leaguewith three consecutive championships under the management of Gordon Milnein the early 90s. Three players of the squad; Metin Tekin, Ali Gültiken, Feyyaz Uçarwere notable for significant contributions to the team during this period. These players had been called "Metin-Ali-Feyyaz" (shorty: MAF) as they formed the front of the team line-up. The supporters composed various chants for the trio devoted to their delighting style on the pitch, their goals and above all for their friendship and modesty. They are regarded by supporters as the best trio and attacking line of the club ever. This was the only three-in-a-row title term of club history in 1989-90, 1990-91 and 1991-92 seasons. Most notably, Beşiktaş became the first undefeated champion in the Turkish League history. cite news
title = 1991-92 League Ranking
url = http://www.angelfire.com/nj/sivritepe/artl9192.html 1991-92 football season ranking
accessdate = 2008-01-18] cite news
title = 1991-92 League Ranking
url = http://www.tff.org.tr/Default.aspx?pageID=5611991-92
publisher = Turkish Football Association
accessdate = 2008-01-18] It is the only team to achieve the honors.
Milne had adopted the 4-4-2 system. By playing down the lines and crossing, the team scored many goals through aerial challenges. On
15 October 1989, Beşiktaş broke the Turkish League record for the biggest margin in a game with a 10-0 victory over Southern Turkey team Adana Demirspor. cite news
title = Besiktas – Adana Demirspor : 10-0
url = http://bjk.com.tr/tr/haberler.php?xl=tarihce&l=h&h_no=3272
publisher = Beskitas Official Website
accessdate = 2008-01-18] This match was enrolled as one of the 16 biggest matches of the club history.cite news
title = Basarilarimiz (Eng: Our Achievements)
url = http://bjk.com.tr/tr/haberler.php?xl=tarihce&l=h&h_no=3272
publisher = Beskitas Offcial Website
accessdate = 2008-01-18]
*Turkish League Championships:
**Winners (12): 1957*, 1958*, 1959-1960, 1965-66, 1966-67, 1981-82, 1985-86, 1989-90, 1990-91, 1991-92, 1994-95, 2002-03
**Runners-up (14): 1962-63, 1963-64, 1964-65, 1967-68, 1973-74, 1984-85, 1986-87, 1987-88, 1988-89, 1992-93, 1996-97, 1998-99, 1999-00, 2006-07
**Winners (7): 1975, 1989, 1990, 1994, 1998, 2006, 2007
**Runners-up (6): 1966, 1977, 1984, 1993, 1999, 2002
Turkish Super Cup:
**Winners (1): 2006
**Runners-up (1): 2007
Note: Actually Beşiktaş won ten league titles in Turkish Super League. But Beşiktaş total includes the Turkish Federation League, which was played for 2 seasons (1957 and 1958). Beşiktaş won this league both years. This league was accepted as the equivalent to Turkish Super League in the meeting of
Turkish Football Federation(TFF) held on 20 March 2002 and gave two bonus championships to Beşiktaş as a sop by Haluk Ulusoy, the jaundiced ex-president of TFF.
Records and honours
Records and honours include:
*First sports club founded in Turkey (1903).
*The first and only undefeated winner of the
*Longest streak of undefeated games in the Turkish League (56)."Yenilmez Armada",("Unbeaten Armada").
*Won 5 consecutive Istanbul League championships(1939-1943).
*Most games won in row (18).
*Most goals scored in Istanbul League, 90 goals in a season, 599 in 8 seasons.
*First winner of the
Turkish Super Cup(2006); won against Galatasaray, 1-0.
*The biggest defeat ever in
Champions Leaguehistory by losing 8-0 against Liverpool.
Colours and Badge
Since only individual sports were done at the beginning in the Osman Pasha Mansion, there was no need for any colours for a uniform. However, the number of sportsmen increased with new youths who joined sport teams each passing day. Mehmet Şamil Bey (first president of the Club), who had graduated from the French school gathered the Founders Committee. He removed the pin he used in his school days bearing the colours of his school from his lapel and showed it around. He said “We must have a pin just like this one made and we must force all members who attend sports in our Club to bear this pin”. Those attending the meeting eagerly agreed to Mehmet Şamil Bey’s proposal. At the end of the meeting, the colours of the Club to be shown on the pin were decided. The two principal colours of nature in full contrast to each other were chosen as the Club colours: black and white.
The date Beşiktaş’s first badge was made was written as “1906” in Latin years inspired by the badges in the French school. On top, it said “Beşiktaş” in Arabic letters, the letter “J” was placed on the rights and letter “K” was placed on the left. On the back of the badge, there was a script saying it was made in Constantinople and there was the seal of the craftsmen who made the badge on the inside. It is interesting that the star on the crest on the badge has 6 points. This 6-pointed star was used until the 2nd Constitutional Monarchy (1908). This badge was donated by Iskender Yakak to Süleyman Seba, the Honorary President of Beşiktaş J.K.
The current emblem of Beşiktaş symbolizes the foundation date. There are two white and three black bars on the emblem. It consists of nine parts in total. There is one white bar, three black bars, and another white bar, and there are nine parts in total. Thus: 1319, the year of the club's foundation. (The
Islamic calendarwas still used in the Ottoman Empire at the time of the club's foundation. 1319 is the equivalent of 1903 in Gregorian Calendar.)
Turkish flagwhich appears in Beşiktaş's emblem is a gift from the Turkish Football Federation. Beşiktaş earned the right to incorporate the flag after having its full roster drafted as the Turkish national team playing against the Greek national team on May 16, 1952. Beşiktaş is the only Turkish team with this right.
Colours of Besiktas used to be red and white, but when the whole team died in the first world war, they decided to change their colours to black and white out of respect for those that died. Also they started as a club before 1903, stopped due to the war, then re-started after the first world war.
. The tartan track was removed within the scope of these activities and the ground was lowered by 4 meters to increase the capacity of the stadium to 32.086 people. It complies with the UEFA standards.
According to the great football legend
Pelé, BJK İnönü Stadium has the most beautiful view of any stadium in the world. [ [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/main.jhtml?xml=/sport/2000/08/26/sfnwin26.xml Daily Telegraph] : "Derbies between the 'Black Eagles' of Besiktas and Galatasaray are known to be volatile, though the 5,000-capacity Inonu Stadium, set in a green and prosperous part of Istanbul, has been described by Pelé as 'one of the most beautiful football grounds in the world'."] [ [http://www.theglobalgame.com/gleantky.html The Global Game - Stadium Murder] ] While seated on the tribunes of this stadium, one can see the Bosporus, Dolmabahçe Palace, Dolmabahçe Clock Tower, Dolmabahçe Mosque, and the famous Kız Kulesi (Maiden's Tower) [ [http://www.turkishdailynews.com.tr/article.php?enewsid=114 Turkish Daily News - Murder at Inonu Stadium] ] [ [http://www.guardian.co.uk/football/2004/nov/24/newsstory.sport13 The Guardian - Fan Ban for Beşiktaş After Killing] ] [ [http://arsiv.sabah.com.tr/2004/11/22/spo101.html Sabah - Ölüm Stadı (Eng: Stadium of Death)] tr icon] . It is the only stadium in the world from which a football fan can view [ [http://www.turkforum.net/showthread.php?p=401402 UEFA.com - Beşiktaş Fan's Death] ] two continents, Europeand Asia, which are separated by the Bosporus.
Beşiktaş have one of the biggest number of supporters population alongside Galatasaray and Fenerbahçe.cite news
title = En çok taraftarı olan takım hangisi?
url = http://www.haberturk.com/haber.asp?id=11270&cat=170&dt=2007/01/05
publisher = haberturk.com
date = 05-01-2007
accessdate = 2008-07-04tr icon] There are also many groups supporting Beşiktaş. In fact, Çarşı is the most known group among the others with its international prominence.cite news
title = Çarşı Kendine de Karşı!
url = http://www.ntvspor.net/Pages/24244.ASP
publisher = ntvspor.net
date = 2008-05-28
accessdate = 2008-07-16tr icon] [ [http://www.turkishdailynews.com.tr/article.php?enewsid=82630 Turkish Daily News - Bloody conflict in Beşiktaş fan group] ] They are famous [ [http://www.zaman.com.tr/haber.do?haberno=583633 ZAMAN - Çarşı'nın içindeki kavga ölümle bitti (Eng: The Fight in Carsi Ended Up With Death)] tr icon] for creative chants and sociopolitical banners [ [http://english.sabah.com.tr/069C381315DD4D1EA0ECA84A2310D960.html SABAH - Murder For Free Tickets] ] [ [http://english.sabah.com.tr/D69B9DF1CB704B74838CD1E4B43AD7E5.html SABAH - Murder in the tribunes; but the managers remain silent] ] . However, the group is under discussions recently, after the declaration of the conclusion of the group.cite news
title = Beşiktaş’ın Taraftar Grubu “Çarşı” Kendini Feshetti.
url = http://www.milliyet.com.tr/default.aspx?aType=SonDakika&Kategori=spor&ArticleID=760043&Date=28.05.2008&ver=02
publisher = milliyet.com.tr
date = 2008-05-28
accessdate = 2008-07-16tr icon]
Ahmet Necdet Sezer, former president of Turkey [cite news
title = Kim Kimdir? (Eng: Who's who?)
url = www.netbul.com
publisher = Netbul
accessdate = 2007-12-09
archiveurl = http://www.netbul.com/superstar/ozeldosyalar/siyaset/kimkimdir/ahmetnecdetsezer.asp
archivedate = 2002-12-09]
Abdullah Gül, current president of the Republic of Turkey
Bülent Ecevit, leader of the DSP (Democratic Left Party) and former prime minister of Turkey
İsmet İnönü, second President of Turkey, politician, diplomat, general.
Erdal İnönü, former leader of the SHP (Social Democratic People's Party), former prime minister, physicist and the son of the second president of Turkey, İsmet İnönü.
Hikmet Çetin, former speaker of the Turkish Grand National Assembly, and NATO Secretary General's former senior civilian representative in Afghanistan [cite news
title = Çetin in spite of (Suleyman) Seba
url = www.aksam.com.tr
publisher = Aksam (Turkish Daily Newspaper)
date = 2000-01-20
accessdate = 2007-12-09
archiveurl = http://www.aksam.com.tr/arsiv/aksam/2000/01/20/spor/spor5.html
archivedate = 2002-12-09]
Pervez Musharraf, former president of Pakistan [cite news
title = Anadolu Ajansi Haberler
url = http://www.anadoluajansi.com.tr/
publisher = Anadolu Ajansi
date = 2002-01-09
accessdate = 2007-10-26
quote = Besiktas Club also sent a membership card to Musharraf who spent his childhood in Turkey and is known as a fan of Besiktas.
archiveurl = http://www.hri.org/news/turkey/anadolu/2002/02-01-09.anadolu.html
archivedate = 2002-01-10]
Süleyman Demirel, former president of Turkey [cite news
title = Suleyman Demirel
url = http://www.kenthaber.com
publisher = KentHaber
accessdate = 2007-12-09
quote = Süleyman Demirel: Beşiktaş bir sevdadır (Eng: Demirel: "Besiktas is a passionate love")
archiveurl = http://www.kenthaber.com/Arsiv/Haberler/2006/Mart/29/Haber_129653.aspx
archivedate = 2002-12-09]
According to the official website, as of
Aug 4, 2008: [cite web|url=http://www.bjk.com.tr/en/yfs.php?kat_no=80&akat_no=10&tumu=E |title=Squad |accessdate=2008-01-18 |work=Official webpage ] [cite web|url= http://www.tff.org.tr/Default.aspx?pageId=28&kulupID=3590 |title=Besiktas Squad |accessdate=2008-07-28 |work=TFF Official webpage ] fs player | no=11 | pos=FW | nat=Turkey | name= Mert Nobre( vice-captain)
Ali İhsan Karayiğit
Ali Kemal Denizci
Bülent Aziz Esel
Refik Osman Top
* Matias Delgado
;flagicon|Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
;flagicon|Czech Republic Czech Republic
* Sixten Veit
* Oliver Schafer
José del Solar
* Ian Wilson
;flagicon|South Africa South Africa
Zoubeir Baya;flagicon|Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
Beşiktaş has had managers from all over Europe.
Şeref Beyis the teams longest serving manager, managing the club for 14 years. The most successful manager is Gordon Milne, winning the league 3 times in a row and other trophies.
According to official web site. [ [http://www.bjk.com.tr/tr/haberler.php?xl=tarihce&l=h&h_no=3273 Beşiktaş Jimnastik Kulübü ] ]
*flagicon|Turkey Mehmet Şamil Osmanoğlu (1903-1908)
*flagicon|Turkey Şükrü Paşa (1908-1911)
*flagicon|Turkey Fuat Paşa (1911-1918)
*flagicon|Turkey Fuat Balkan (1918-1923)
*flagicon|Turkey Salih Bey (1923-1924)
*flagicon|Turkey Ahmet Fetgeri Aşeni (1924-1926)
*flagicon|Turkey Fuat Balkan (1926-1928)
*flagicon|Turkey Ahmet Fetgeri Aşeni (1928-1930)
*flagicon|Turkey Emin Şükrü Kurt (1930-1932)
*flagicon|Turkey Abdülkadir Ziya Karamürsel (1932-1935)
*flagicon|Turkey Fuat Balkan (1935-1938)
*flagicon|Turkey Abdülkadir Ziya Karamürsel (1938-1939)
*flagicon|Turkey Yusuf Ziya Erdem (1939-1941)
*flagicon|Turkey Abdülkadir Ziya Karamürsel (1941-1942)
*flagicon|Turkey Abdullah Ziya Kozanoğlu (1942-1950)
*flagicon|Turkey Ekrem Amaç (1950)
*flagicon|Turkey Salih Fuat Keçeci (1950-1952)
*flagicon|Turkey Abdullah Ziya Kozanoğlu (1952-1955)
*flagicon|Turkey Tahir Sögütlü (1955-1956)
*flagicon|Turkey Danyal Akbel (1956-1957)
*flagicon|Turkey Ferhat Nasır (1957)
*flagicon|Turkey Nuri Togay (1957-1958)
*flagicon|Turkey Enver Kaya (1958)
*flagicon|Turkey Nuri Togay (1959-1960)
*flagicon|Turkey Selahattin Akel (1963-1964)
*flagicon|Turkey Hakkı Yeten (1964-1966)
*flagicon|Turkey Hasan Salman (1966-1967)
*flagicon|Turkey Hakkı Yeten (1967-1968)
*flagicon|Turkey Talat Asal (1968-1969)
*flagicon|Turkey Rüştü Erkuş (1969-1970)
*flagicon|Turkey Nuri Togay (1970)
*flagicon|Turkey Agasi Şen (1970-1971)
*flagicon|Turkey Himmet Ünlü (1971-1972)
*flagicon|Turkey Şekip Okçuoğlu (1972-1973)
*flagicon|Turkey Mehmet Üstünkaya (1973-1977)
*flagicon|Turkey Gazi Akınal (1977-1979)
*flagicon|Turkey Hüseyin Cevahir (1979)
*flagicon|Turkey Gazi Akınal (1979-1980)
*flagicon|Turkey Rıza Kumruoğlu (1980-1981)
*flagicon|Turkey Mehmet Üstünkaya (1981-1984)
*tr icon [http://www.bjk.com.tr/en Beşiktaş official website]
*tr icon [http://bjk.turkbul.com Beşiktaş websites & news]
*tr icon [http://www.tff.org/Default.aspx?pageId=535&kulupID=3590 Turkish football federation team profile]
*tr icon [http://www.academybjk.com/ Beşiktaş Academy official multimedia]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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Besiktas — Beşiktaş ist einer der Stadtteile von Istanbul. die Kurzform für die türkische Fußballmannschaft Beşiktaş Istanbul … Deutsch Wikipedia
Beşiktaş — This article is about the district in Istanbul. For the sports club, see Beşiktaş J.K.. Beşiktaş Beşiktaş Belediyesi Municipality of Beşiktaş … Wikipedia
Beşiktaş — Vorlage:Infobox Ort in der Türkei/Wartung/LandkreisVorlage:Infobox Ort in der Türkei/Wartung/LandkreisOhneEinwohnerOderFläche Beşiktaş … Deutsch Wikipedia