- Elisabeth of Bavaria (1876-1965)
:"For the daughter of Philippe and Mathilde, see
Princess Elisabeth of Belgium:"For the Empress Elisabeth of Austria, born Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria, see Elisabeth of Bavaria:"For other people called Elisabeth von Wittelsbach, see Elisabeth von Wittelsbach (disambiguation)
Infobox Belgian Royalty|majesty|consort
name =Elisabeth of Bavaria
full name =Elisabeth Gabriele Valérie Marie
title =Queen consort of the Belgians
caption =Portrait of Elisabeth
17 December, 1909– 17 February, 1934
spouse =Albert I
issue =Léopold III
Marie-José, Queen of Italy
royal house =
House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha House of Wittelsbach
othertitles ="HM" Queen Elisabeth
"HM" The Queen of the Belgians
"HRH" The Countess of Flanders
"HRH" Princess Elisabeth of Belgium
"HRH" Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria
Karl-Theodor, Duke in Bavaria
Maria Josepha of Portugal
date of birth =birth date|1876|7|25|mf=y
place of birth =flagicon|Bavaria|striped
Possenhofen Castle, Bavaria
date of death =death date and age|1965|11|23|1876|7|25|mf=y
place of death =flagicon|Belgium
Elisabeth in Bavaria (born "Elisabeth Gabriele Valérie Marie, Duchess in Bavaria") (
25 July, 1876– 23 November, 1965), was the queen consortof Albert I of Belgiumand was the mother of Leopold III of Belgium.
Possenhofen Castle, her father was Karl-Theodor, Duke in Bavaria, an ophthalmologistof recognized reputation. She was named in honor of her father's sister, Empress Elisabeth of Austria, better known as Sissi. Her mother was Maria Josepha of Portugal, daughter of exiled Miguel I of Portugal.
Through her mother's sisters, Elisabeth was related to many royal families :
*her aunt, Maria Ana of Portugal, was married to
William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
*her aunt, Maria Teresa of Portugal, was the third wife of Archduke Charles Louis of Austria and stepgrandmother of
Charles I of Austria,
Maria Antonia of Portugal, was the second wife of Robert I, Duke of Parmaand mother of Zita of Bourbon-Parma, wife of Charles I of Austria.
An artist himself, Duke Karl-Theodor cultivated the artistic tastes of his family and Elisabeth was raised with a deep love for painting, music and sculpture. At her father's clinic, Elisabeth learned to cope with human suffering.
At the time that Albert and Elisabeth met, Prince Albert was the heir to his uncle
Leopold II of the Belgians. Albert was the second son of Prince Philippe, Count of Flandersand Princess Marie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, a sister of King Carol I of Romania.
At birth, Albert occupied the third place in the line of succession behind his father and elder brother, Prince Baudouin. The unexpected death of Baudouin in January 1891 immediately raised Albert to prominence within his country. A studious, quiet man, Albert was not the choice of heir that King
Leopold IIwould have relished. As the only male member of his generation, Albert was guaranteed the crown of the Belgians upon the king's death. Albert had two sisters who survived into adulthood, Princess Henriette who married Prince Emmanuel of Orléans, and Princess Josephine who married her cousin, Prince Karl-Anton of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, brother of King Ferdinand I of Romania.
Munichon 2 October 1900, she married Prince Albert, second-in-line to the throne of Belgium (after his father Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders). Upon her husband's accession to the Belgian throne in 1909, Elizabeth became Queen. During the First World War, she and the King resided in De Panne. The Queen made herself beloved by visiting the frontlines and by sponsoring a nursing unit. Despite her German background, she was a popular queen and she eagerly supported her adoptive country. In 1934, Albert I died in a climbing accident at Marche-les-Dames, in the Ardennesregion of Belgium, near Namur.
In her later years, she became a patron of the arts and was known for her friendship with notable scientists like
Albert Einstein. During the German occupation of Belgium from 1940 to 1944, she used her German connections and influence to assist in the rescue of hundreds of Jewish children from deportation by the Nazis. After the war she was awarded the title Righteous Among the Nationsby the Israeli government. During the 1950s, the Queen aggravated the Americans by visiting Russia, Chinaand Poland, trips that led her to being known as the "Red Queen."
Queen Elisabeth died in
Brusselsat the age of 89 on November 23, 1965. She is interred in the Royal vault at the Church of Our Lady, Laeken Cemetery, Brussels.
* Léopold Philippe Charles Albert Meinrad Hubertus Marie Miguel,
Duke of Brabant, Prince of Belgium, who became later the fourth king of the Belgians (as Leopold III), born November 3, 1901, and died at Woluwe-Saint-Lamberton September 25, 1983.
* Charles-Théodore Henri Antoine Meinrad,
Count of Flanders, Prince of Belgium, Regentof Belgium, born Brussels October 10, 1903, and died at Ostendon June 1, 1983.
*Marie-José Charlotte Sophie Amélie Henriette Gabrielle, Princess of Belgium, born
Ostend August 4, 1906. She was married at Rome, Italy, on January 8, 1930to Prince Umberto Nicola Tomasso Giovanni Maria, Prince of Piedmont, born on September 15, 1904, and died on March 18, 1983, at Geneva, Switzerland. He became King Umberto II of Italy on May 9, 1946. Marie-José died January 27, 2001.
style=font-size: 90%; line-height: 110%;
boxstyle=padding-top: 0; padding-bottom: 0;
1= 1. Duchess Marie Gabrielle
Duke Karl-Theodor in Bavaria
Infanta Maria José of Portugal
Maximilian Joseph, Duke in Bavaria
Princess Ludovika of Bavaria
Miguel of Portugal
7= 7. Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Pius August, Duke in Bavaria
9= 9. Princess Amélie Louise of Arenberg
10= 10. King Maximilian I of Bavaria
11= 11. Princess Karoline of Baden
12= 12. King João VI of Portugal
13= 13. Infanta Carlota Joaquina of Spain
Constantine, Hereditary Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
15= 15. Princess Marie Agnes Henriette of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
16= 16. Wilhelm, Duke in Bavaria
17= 17. Pfalzgräfin Maria Anna of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
18= 18. Louis-Marie, Duke of Arenberg
19= 19. Marie Adélaïde Julie de Mailly
20= 20. Pfalzgräf Friedrich Michael of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
21= 21. Pfalzgräfin Maria Franziska of Sulzbach
22= 22. Karl Ludwig, Hereditary Prince of Baden
Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
24= 24. King Pedro III of Portugal
25= 25. Queen Maria I of Portugal
26= 26. King Carlos IV of Spain
27= 27. Princess Maria Luisa of Parma
28= 28. Karl V, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
29= 29. Countess Sophie Luise of Windisch-Graetz
30= 30. Karl Ludwig III, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
31= 31. Countess Amalie Henriette Charlotte of Solms-Baruth
Queen Elisabeth Music Competition
Queen Elisabeth Medical Foundation
Queen consort of the Belgians
* [http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/bavaria.html Royal House of Bavaria]
* [http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/belgium.html Royal House of Belgium]
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