Special Protection Area

Special Protection Area

A Special Protection Area or SPA is a designation under the European Union Directive on the Conservation of Wild Birds.[1]

Under the Directive, Member States of the European Union (EU) have a duty to safeguard the habitats of migratory birds and certain particularly threatened birds.[1]

Together with Special Areas of Conservation (SACs), the SPAs form a network of protected sites across the EU, called Natura 2000.[1]

Each SPA has an EU code – for example the North Norfolk Coast SPA has the code UK9009031.


SPAs in the United Kingdom

As at 21 September 2006, there were 252 classified SPAs and 12 proposed SPAs in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

The Conservation (Natural Habitats etc) Regulations 1994 implement the terms of the Directive in Scotland, England and Wales. In Great Britain, SPAs (and SACs) designated on land or in the intertidal area are normally also notified as Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs), and in Northern Ireland as Areas of Special Scientific Interest (ASSIs). For example, the Broadland SPA in eastern England is a conglomeration of some 28 SSSIs. SPAs may extend below low tide into the sea, and for these areas SSSI notification is not possible. In Scotland, some SPAs have been classified without any underpinning designation by SSSI.[clarification needed]

SPAs in Poland

Special Protection Areas for birds in Poland are called OSOPs (Polish: Obszar Specjalnej Ochrony Ptaków). As of 2005, there were 72 OSOP Areas designated as such.

SPAs in Portugal

The Castro Verde SPA extends into six municipalities of Baixo Alentejo Subregion: Aljustrel Municipality, Almodôvar Municipality, Beja Municipality, Castro Verde Municipality, Mértola Municipality and Ourique Municipality, a total area of 79,007 hectares (790 km 2).

SPAs in Spain

The Spanish term is ZEPA. There were 567 Spanish sites as at 2009.

See also


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Special Protection Area — Als Europäisches Vogelschutzgebiet oder Special Protection Area (SPAs) bezeichnet man Schutzgebiete, deren Grundlage 1979 im Art. 4 (1) der Vogelschutzrichtlinie der EU gelegt wurde. Diese Gebiete sind Teil des europaweiten Biotopverbunds Natura… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Muirkirk & North Lowther Uplands Special Protection Area — is an extensive area of moorland extending south from near Darvel in southern Ayrshire to near Kirkconnel in Dumfries and Galloway. The SPA is of outstanding interest for its variety of upland habitats and breeding birds. There are large tracts… …   Wikipedia

  • List of special protection areas in the United Kingdom — See Special Protection Area to understand what this list is referring to.As of August 2004, the list of sites was as follows:EnglandNorthern Ireland External links * [http://www.jncc.gov.uk/page 2598 Official map showing location of special… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Special Protection Areas in Scotland — is a list of Special Protection Areas (SPAs) in Scotland.Site nameSite codeCountryArea (ha) Co ordinates StatusAbernethy ForestUK9002561S5793.46coord|57|13|22|N|03|18|10|WClassifiedAchanalt MarshesUK9001701S …   Wikipedia

  • Special Area of Conservation — Besonderes Schutzgebiet (BSG) ist eine gebräuchliche, auch in amtlichen Veröffentlichungen benutzte Sammelbezeichnung für Schutzgebiete, die explizit als Bestandteil des Schutzgebietssystems Natura 2000 der Europäischen Union nach Maßgabe der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Special Area of Conservation — A Special Area of Conservation (SAC) is defined in the European Commission Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC), also known as the Directive on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora . They are to protect the 220 habitats and… …   Wikipedia

  • Area of Special Scientific Interest — An Area of Special Scientific Interest or ASSI is a conservation designation denoting a protected area in Northern Ireland. ASSIs are the equivalent of Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) in the rest of the United Kingdom.They are the… …   Wikipedia

  • Special assessment tax — Special assessment is the term used in the United States to designate a unique charge government units can assess against real estate parcels for certain public projects. This charge is levied in a specific geographic area known as a Special… …   Wikipedia

  • area of outstanding natural beauty — (AONB) AONBs were brought into being by the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act of 1949. They are fine landscapes, of great variety in character and extent and the designation provides special protection for their outstanding natural …   Law dictionary

  • area of outstanding natural beauty — (AONB)   in the UK, land areas given special protection by act of parliament to preserve their natural beauty. Local authorities maintain strict control over permission for development within them. England has 35, Wales has 4, 1 is astride the… …   Geography glossary