Elsie Clews Parsons

Elsie Clews Parsons

Infobox Person
name = Elsie Clews Parsons

image_size =
caption =
birth_date = birth date|1875|11|27
birth_place =
death_date = death date|1941|12|19
death_place =
education = Ph.D. in sociology, Columbia University (1899)
occupation = Anthropologist
spouse = Herbert Parsons
parents = [http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0812559.html Henry Clews] , Lucy Madison Worthington
children = Elsie ("Lissa," 1901), John Edward (1903), Herbert (1909), and Henry McIlvaine ("Mac", 1911).

Elsie Clews Parsons (November 27, 1875-December 19, 1941) was an American anthropologist, sociologist, folklorist, and feminist who studied Native American tribes—such as the Pueblo and Hopi—in Arizona, New Mexico, and Mexico. She helped found the New School for Social Research. [Spier, Leslie, and A. L. Kroeber. [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0002-7294(194304%2F06)2%3A45%3A2%3C244%3AECP%3E2.0.CO%3B2-S&size=LARGE "Elsie Clews Parsons"] , "American Anthropologist", New Series, Vol. 45, No. 2, Centenary of the American Ethnological Society (Apr. - Jun., 1943), pp. 244-255] She was associate editor for "The Journal of American Folklore" (1918-1941), president of the American Folklore Society (1919-1920), president of the American Ethnological Society (1923-1925), and was elected the first female president of the American Anthropological Association (1941) right before her death.cite web | last = Del Monte | first = Kathleen | coauthors = Karen Bachman, Catherine Klein, Bridget McCourt | title = Elsie Clews Parsons | work = Celebration of Women Anthropologists | publisher = University of South Florida | date = 1999-03-19 | url = http://web3.cas.usf.edu/main/depts/ANT/women/elsie/Elsieclews.html | accessdate = 2007-05-16] cite web | title = Elsie Clews Parsons Papers | publisher = American Philosophical Society | url = http://www.amphilsoc.org/library/mole/p/parsons.htm | accessdate = 2007-05-16 ]

She earned her bachelor's degree from Barnard College in 1896. She received her master’s degree (1897) and Ph.D. (1899) from Columbia University.

Every other year, the American Ethnological Society awards the "Elsie Clews Parsons Prize" for the best graduate student paper, in her honor. [cite web | title = 2007 Elsie Clews Parsons Prize for Best Graduate Student Paper | work = AESonline.org | publisher = American Ethnological Society | date = 2007-04-02 | url = http://www.aesonline.org/2007ECP | accessdate = 2007-05-16 ]


Elsie Clews Parsons was the daughter of [http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0812559.html Henry Clews] , a wealthy New York banker, and Lucy Madison Worthington. Her brother, [http://www.gis.net/~scatt/clews/clews_index.html Henry Clews, Jr.] , was an artist. In 1900, she married future three-term progressive Republican congressman Herbert Parsons, an associate and political ally of President Teddy Roosevelt. [cite web | last = Kennedy | first = Robert C | title = Cartoon of the Day | work = HarpWeek | publisher = HarpWeek, LLC | url = http://www.harpweek.com/09Cartoon/BrowseByDateCartoon.asp?Month=November&Date=16 | accessdate = 2007-05-16] When her husband was a member of Congress, she published two then-controversial books under the pseudonym John Main. [cite web | title = Parsons, Elsie Clews | work = Encyclopædia Britannica | publisher = Encyclopædia Britannica Online | year = 2007 | url = http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9058571 | accessdate = 2007-05-16 ]

She became interested in anthropology in 1910.

Her work "Pueblo Indian Religion" is considered a classic; here she gathered all her previous extensive work and that of other authors. [GLADYS A. REICHARD, "THE ELSIE CLEWS PARSONS COLLECTION" Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 94, No. 3, Studies of Historical Documents in the Library of the American Philosophical Society. (Jun. 20, 1950), pp. 308-309.]

Her works

Early works of sociology

*"The Family" (1906)
*"Religious Chastity"
*"The Old-Fashioned Woman" (1913)
*"Fear and Conventionality" (1914)
*"Social Freedom" (1915)
*"Social Rule" (1916)

Anthropology works

*"The Social Organization of the Tewa of New Mexico" (1929)
*"Hopi and Zuni Ceremonialism" (1933)
*" [http://books.google.com/books?id=vf10J97nm1QC Pueblo Indian Religion] " (1939)


*"Mitla: Town of the Souls" (1936)
*"Peguche" (1945)

Research in folklore

*"Folk-Lore from the Cape Verde Islands" (1923)
*"Folk-Lore of the Sea Islands, S.C." (1924)
*"Folk-Lore of the Antilles, French and English" (3v., 1933-1943).

ee also

* Franz Boas
* Ruth Benedict
* Margaret Mead
* Mabel Dodge Luhan
* Zora Neale Hurston
* List of Barnard College people
* History of feminism
* Pueblo Clowns
* Taos Pueblo
* Tewa
* Cape Verdean Creole
* Mandelieu-la-Napoule


Further reading

* cite book
title=Elsie Clews Parsons: Inventing Modern Life
publisher=University Of Chicago Press

* cite book
title=A Woman's Quest for Science: A Portrait of Anthropologist Elsie Clews Parsons
first=Peter H.
date=April, 1985
publisher=Prometheus Books

* cite book
title=Fear and Conventionality
first=Elsie Clews
publisher=University Of Chicago Press

* cite book
title=North American Indian Life: Customs and Traditions of 23 Tribes
first=Elsie Clews
publisher=Dover Publications

* cite book
title=Taos Tales
first=Elsie Clews
publisher=Dover Publications

* cite book
title=Tewa Tales
first=Elsie Clews
publisher=University of Arizona Press

* cite book
title=Wealth and Rebellion: Elsie Clews Parsons, Anthropologist and Folklorist
first=Rosemary Lévy
publisher=University of Illinois Press

External links

* [http://www.amphilsoc.org/library/mole/p/parsons.htm Elsie Clews Parsons Papers] (with a photo of Elsie)
* [http://www.library.csi.cuny.edu/dept/history/lavender/parsons.html Elsie Clews Parsons, The Journal of a Feminist] by Professor Catherine Lavender, City University of New York
* [http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/information/biography/abcde/clewsparsons_elsie.html Elsie Clews Parsons] , Minnesota State University, Mankato
* Stacy A. Cordery. [http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.cgi?path=10518911503267 "Review of Desley Deacon, Elsie Clews Parsons: Inventing Modern Life,"] H-Women, H-Net Reviews, November, 1998.
* [http://www.nytimes.com/books/97/06/29/reviews/970629.29luhrmat.html Working Woman] by Tanya Luhrmann, The New York Times
* [http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Elsie_Clews_Parsons Elsie Clews Parsons] , New World Encyclopedia.

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  • Elsie Clews Parsons — (* 27. November 1875 in New York City; † 19. Dezember 1941 in New York City) war eine US amerikanische Soziologin und Anthropologin. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Ämter 3 Veröffentlichungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Parsons, Elsie Clews — orig. Elsie Worthington Clews born Nov. 27, 1875, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 19, 1941, New York City U.S. sociologist, anthropologist, and folklorist. She was trained in sociology. Her early works, advocating women s rights, included The… …   Universalium

  • Parsons, Elsie Clews — orig. Elsie Worthington Clews (27 nov. 1875, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.–19 dic. 1941, N.Y.). Socióloga, antropóloga y folclorista estadounidense. Se graduó en sociología. Entre sus primeras obras, centradas en la defensa de los derechos de la mujer …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Parsons — ist der Ortsname folgender Orte in den USA: Parsons (Alabama) Parsons (Kansas) Parsons (Mississippi) Parsons (Missouri) Parsons (Pennsylvania) Parsons (Tennessee) Parsons (West Virginia) Parsons ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alan… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Parsons — Parsons, Talcott Parsons, sir Charles Algernon * * * (as used in expressions) Burkitt, Denis P(arsons) Parsons, Elsie Clews Parsons, Sir Charles Algernon Parsons, Talcott Rosse, William Parsons, 3 conde de …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Parsons — /pahr seuhnz/, n. 1. Talcott /tawl kot, tal /, 1902 79, U.S. sociologist and author. 2. Theophilus, 1750 1813, U.S. jurist. 3. a town in SE Kansas. 12,898. * * * (as used in expressions) Burkitt Denis Parsons Parsons Elsie Clews Parsons Sir… …   Universalium

  • Elsie — /el see/, n. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. * * * (as used in expressions) de Wolfe Elsie Franklin Rosalind Elsie Parsons Elsie Clews Elsie Worthington Clews * * * …   Universalium

  • Elsie — (as used in expressions) Franklin, Rosalind (Elsie) Parsons, Elsie Clews Elsie Worthington Clews Wolfe, Elsie de …   Enciclopedia Universal