5 Alpini Regiment


5 Alpini Regiment

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 5° Reggimento Alpini


caption= Coat of Arms of the 5th Alpini Regiment
dates= 1 November 1882 - 8 September 1943
1 January 1953 - 1 October 1975
8 August 1992 - today
country= Italy
branch= Italian Army
type= Alpini
role= Mountain Infantry
size= 1 Battalion
Morbegno Battalion
command_structure=2nd Alpine Division “Tridentina”
1935 - 1943
Orobica Alpine Brigade
1963 - 1975
Tridentina Alpine Brigade
1992 - 2002
Julia Alpine Brigade
2002 - today
garrison= Vipiteno (BZ)
patron=
motto= "Nec videar dum sim"
battles=World War I
Battle of Monte Ortigara
Battle of Monte Fior
Battle of Vittorio Veneto
World War II
Battle of Nikolayevka
War in Afghanistan
anniversaries= 8 June 1916 - Battle of Monte Fior
decorations= 1 Croce di Cavaliere dell'O.M.I.
2 Gold Medals for Military Valour
1 Silver Medal for Military Valour
1 Bronze Medal for Military Valour

The 5th Alpini Regiment is a light Infantry regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in Mountain Combat. The Alpini are a mountain infantry corps of the Italian Army, that distinguished itself in combat during World War I and World War II.

Formation

The 5th Alpini Regiment was formed on November 1, 1882. It consisted of three Battalions: Val Dora, Moncenisio and Valtellina, named after the valleys and localities from which their soldiers were recruited. In 1886 the Battalions were renamed, taking their new names from the location of their main logistic depot: Morbegno, Tirano, Edolo and the newly formed Vestone.

World War I

During World War I the regiment consisted of 12 battalions and saw heavy fighting in the Alps against Austria's Kaiserjäger and Germany’s Alpenkorps. The battalions of the 5th regiment in these days were (pre-war raised units in bold):

* "Morbegno", "Tirano", "Edolo", "Vestone", "Val d'Intelvi", "Valtellina", "Val Camonica", "Val Chiese", "Monte Spluga", "Stelvio", "Monte Adamello", "Monte Suello".

Interwar period

On September 10, 1935 the 2nd Alpine Division “Tridentina” was formed and composed of the 5th Alpini and 6th Alpini Regiments and the 2nd Mountain Artillery Regiment.

World War II

In September 1942 the “Tridentina” division under the command of General Luigi Reverberi was sent together with the Alpini divisions Julia and Cuneense and other Italian units to the Soviet Union to form the ARMIR (Armata Italiana in Russia or Italian Army in Russia) and fight alongside the Germans against the Red Army. Taking up positions along the Don river the Italian units covered part of the left flank of the German Sixth Army, which spearheaded the German summer offensive of 1942 into the city of Stalingrad.

After successfully encircling the German Sixth army in Stalingrad the Red Army’s attention turned to the Italian units along the Don. On January 14, 1943 the Soviet offensive Operation Little Saturn began and the three Alpini division found themselves quickly encircled by the rapidly advancing armoured Soviet Forces. After 12 days of heavy fighting the Julia and Cuneense divisions were completely annihilated. The remnants of the Tridentina were able to break the Soviet encirclement in the epic and desperate Battle of Nikolayevka on January 26, 1943 allowing the 4250 survivors (out of 15000 troops deployed) to reach German lines.

The few survivors of the 5th regiment were repatriated and after the signing of the Italian armistice with the Allies on September 8, 1943 the regiment dissolved in the vicinity of the Italian city of Bressanone.

The Cold War

After World War 2 the 5th Alpini regiment was reformed on January 1, 1953 in the city of Merano with the battalions Tirano, and Edolo and became the sole Alpini regiment in the newly formed Alpine Brigade Orobica. When Italy dissolved the regimantal level in 1975 the battalions came under the direct command of the Orobica Brigade and a third battalion Morbegno was formed. The traditions and regimental colours of the 5th Alpini were given to the Morbegno battalion, which carried them until the 5th Alpini regiment was reformed on August 8, 1992.

Today

Today the 5th Regiment consists of the “Morbegno” battalion, the regimental command and a logistic support company. The regiment is based in Vipiteno in the province of Bolzano, making it the north most based regiment of the Italian Army and is part of the Alpine Brigade Julia.

ee also

*7 Alpini Regiment
*8 Alpini Regiment
*Alpine Brigade Julia
*Italian Army

External links

* [http://www.esercito.difesa.it/root/unita_sez/unita_ftralp_5.asp Official website]


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