Categories of New Testament manuscripts


Categories of New Testament manuscripts

New Testament manuscripts are categorized into five groups. [Aland:106f,332-337.] This categorization scheme was introduced in 1981 by Kurt and Barbara Aland in "Der Text des Neuen Testaments". The categories are based on how each manuscript relates to the various text-types. Generally speaking, earlier, Alexandrian manuscripts are category I while later, Byzantine manuscripts are category V.

Description of categories

Category I

This category represents the earliest and best manuscripts. Fourth century and earlier papyri and uncials are in this category, as are manuscripts of the Alexandrian text-type. The manuscripts in this category are important when considering textual problems and are considered to be a good representation of the autograph.

Category II

The manuscripts in this category are similar to category I manuscripts, and are important in textual consideration of the autograph. However, the texts usually contain some alien influences, such as those found in the Byzantine text-type. Egyptian texts falls in this category.

Category III

The manuscripts in category III are important when discussing the history of the textual traditions and to a lesser degree for establishing the original text. The manuscripts usually contain independent readings, and have a distinctive character. "f"1, "f"13 are examples of manuscript families that fall within this category.

Category IV

Category IV contains the few manuscripts that follow the text of the Codex Bezae (D). These texts are of the Western text-type.

Category V

Byzantine and mostly Byzantine texts fall under this category.

Distribution of Greek manuscripts by century and category

See [Aland:159-162] .

Number of manuscripts by century and category

Limitations

This system of classification prefers Alexandrian text-type. Manuscripts represented Western text-type are classified to IV Category in Gospels, and to II/III Category in Pauline Letters. Some manuscripts were not classified. Uncial 055, because it is a commentary rather, and according some authorities written in a minuscule hand. P73, Uncial 080, 0174, 0263, 0264, 0267, 0268 are too brief to classify.

See also

* List of New Testament papyri
* List of New Testament uncials
* List of New Testament minuscules
* List of New Testament lectionaries

Notes

References

*Aland, Kurt and Aland, Barbara. "The text of the New Testament: an introduction to the critical editions and to the theory and practice of modern textual criticism". Second revised edition. Translated by Erroll F Rhodes. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1995. ISBN 0802840981.

External links

* [http://www.skypoint.com/members/waltzmn/MSCategories.html Manuscript Categories]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • New Testament — This article is about part of the Christian Bible. For the theological concept, see New Covenant. Books of the New Testament …   Wikipedia

  • New Testament apocrypha — Part of a series on The Bible …   Wikipedia

  • NEW TESTAMENT — (Gr. ὴ καινὴ διαθήκη), the Christian Holy Scriptures (other than the Hebrew Bible and the Apocrypha). Content The New Testament (NT) is the usual name for a collection of 27 ancient Greek books concerning Jesus of Nazareth and his   earliest… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • List of New Testament papyri — Verso of Papyrus 37 A New Testament papyrus is a copy of a portion of the New Testament made on papyrus. To date, over one hundred and twenty such papyri are known. In general, they are considered the earliest and best witnesses to the original… …   Wikipedia

  • List of New Testament uncials — A New Testament uncial is a copy of a portion of the New Testament in Greek or Latin capital or uncial letters, written on parchment or vellum.New Testament uncials are distinct from: * New Testament papyri written on papyrus and generally more… …   Wikipedia

  • List of New Testament minuscules — A New Testament minuscule is a copy a portion of the New Testament written in a small, cursive Greek script (developed from Uncial). [, , Barbara Aland and Kurt Aland (eds), Novum Testamentum Graece , 27th edition,(Stuttgart: , 2001).]… …   Wikipedia

  • List of New Testament lectionaries — A New Testament Lectionary is a handwritten copy of a lectionary, or book of New Testament Bible readings. Lectionaries may be written in uncial or minuscule Greek letters, on parchment, papyrus, or vellum. [, , Barbara Aland and Kurt Aland (eds) …   Wikipedia

  • Development of the New Testament canon — For the Jewish canon, see Development of the Jewish Bible canon. For the Old Testament canon, see Development of the Old Testament canon. Part of a series on …   Wikipedia

  • Codex Regius (New Testament) — For the Icelandic manuscript, see Codex Regius. New Testament manuscripts papyri • uncials • minuscules • lectionaries Uncial 019 …   Wikipedia

  • Codex Petropolitanus (New Testament) — For the similarly named manuscript, see Codex Petropolitanus Purpureus. New Testament manuscripts papyri • uncials • minuscules • lectionaries Uncial 041 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.