- Yue Jin
Three Kingdoms infobox
Title= Military general
Post=Marquis Wei (威侯)
Yue Jin (? – 218) was a military general under the powerful warlord
Cao Caoduring the late Eastern Han Dynastyand Three Kingdomsera of China. He was noted as much for his short stature as for his valor and ferocity on the battlefield. Yue Jin gained multiple successes in campaigns against Lü Bu, Liu Beiand remnants of the Yellow Turbans. He also played a supporting role in the defense of Hefeiagainst the advances of Sun Quan's massive army in 208. Chen Shou, author of the "Records of Three Kingdoms", considered Yue Jin among the top five generals of the Kingdom of Wei, along with Zhang Liao, Xu Huang, Zhang Heand Yu Jin.
A local of the Yangping Commandery (阳平卫国, present day county of
Qingfeng, Henan), little was known about Yue Jin before he joined Cao Cao's army. Though he was noted for being small-framed, Yue Jin was favored for his extraordinary courage on the battlefield. He took part and performed well in most of the small-scale campaigns undertaken by Cao Cao during the warlord's early struggle to expand his power. These included battles against Lü Bu, Liu Bei and remnants of the Yellow Turbans.
Yue Jin had also participated in the pivotal
Battle of Guandu, in which Cao Cao pitched his forces against those of rival warlord, Yuan Shao. The battle had been dragging on for months when Cao Cao learned the whereabouts of the bulk his enemy's supplies, guarded by Chunyu Qiong. Bringing along Yue Jin, Cao Cao personally led a 5,000-strong mixed force of foot soldiers and horsemen and came for the enemy encampment under the cover of the night. Yue Jin again performed well in the encounter, single-handedly slaying Chunyu Qiong in battle.
After the eventual defeat and subsequent death of Yuan Shao, Cao Cao marched his troops northwards into Jizhou (冀州) and Youzhou (幽州) to stamp out Yuan Shao's heirs and supporters. Yue Jin earned much credit for himself in these expeditions and was promoted to General Who Breaks Conflicts (折冲将军).
After Cao Cao lost the
Battle of Red Cliffsin 208, Yue Jin was left to guard Hefei alongside Zhang Liao and Li Dian. The three generals were forced to defend the city against the advances of the southern warlord Sun Quan and his 200,000 troops. Following a direct order from Cao Cao, Yue Jin remained behind to reinforced the city defense while Li Dian and Zhang Liao led a force of 800 men out to meet the enemy at Leisure Ford(逍遥津). The early attack served both to deter the enemy and to buy time for preparation against the ensuing siege, which eventually saw the retreat of the invaders. Yue Jin was promoted to General of the Right (右将军) for his contributions in the miraculous defense of Hefei.
Yue Jin eventually died in 218, but the cause was undocumented in historical records. He was given the posthumous title of Marquis Wei (威侯), literally meaning the awe-inspiring marquis. His son
Yue Cheninherited his decisiveness and determination and was eventually promoted to governor of Yangzhou (杨州).
Yue Jin in Romance of the Three Kingdoms
Romance of the Three Kingdoms", a historical novel by Luo Guanzhong, was a romanticization of the events that occurred before and during the Three Kingdomsera. Yue Jin made his first appearance in Chapter 5, where he joined Cao Cao's camp when the latter was raising an army to join the coalition against Dong Zhuo, the tyrannical warlord who held the emperor hostage in the imperial court.
Unlike historical records, however, Luo Guanzhong had Yue Jin killed in the midst of battle in Chapter 68, shortly after the
Battle of Leisure Ford. This was probably because little about the last ten years of Yue Jin's life was documented in the first place.
According to the novel, during a confrontation with Wu troops along the shore of Ruxu River (濡须河), Yue Jin rode out to engage
Ling Tong(凌统) in a duel. An arrow fired by Cao Xiustruck Ling Tong's horse, which in pain threw its rider off. Yue Jin was dashing forward to finish off his opponent when he was hit full in the face by an arrow fired by Wu general, Gan Ning.
*cite book|author=Chen Shou|title=San Guo Zhi|publisher=Yue Lu Shu She|year=2002|id=ISBN 7-80665-198-5
*cite book|author=Luo Guanzhong|title=San Guo Yan Yi|publisher=Yue Lu Shu She|year=1986|id=ISBN 7-80520-013-0
*cite book|author=Lo Kuan-chung; tr. C.H. Brewitt-Taylor|title=Romance of the Three Kingdoms|publisher=Tuttle Publishing|year=2002|id=ISBN 0-8048-3467-9
Personages of the Three Kingdoms
*"Records of Three Kingdoms"
Romance of the Three Kingdoms"
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