Yue Jin


Yue Jin

Three Kingdoms infobox
Name=Yue Jin


imagesize=
Caption=
Title= Military general
Kingdom=Cao Cao
Born=
Died=218
Simp=乐进
Trad=樂進
Pinyin=Yuè Jìn
WG=Yo Chin
Zi=Wenqian (文谦)
Post=Marquis Wei (威侯)

Yue Jin (? – 218) was a military general under the powerful warlord Cao Cao during the late Eastern Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms era of China. He was noted as much for his short stature as for his valor and ferocity on the battlefield. Yue Jin gained multiple successes in campaigns against Lü Bu, Liu Bei and remnants of the Yellow Turbans. He also played a supporting role in the defense of Hefei against the advances of Sun Quan's massive army in 208.

Chen Shou, author of the "Records of Three Kingdoms", considered Yue Jin among the top five generals of the Kingdom of Wei, along with Zhang Liao, Xu Huang, Zhang He and Yu Jin.

Life

A local of the Yangping Commandery (阳平卫国, present day county of Qingfeng, Henan), little was known about Yue Jin before he joined Cao Cao's army. Though he was noted for being small-framed, Yue Jin was favored for his extraordinary courage on the battlefield. He took part and performed well in most of the small-scale campaigns undertaken by Cao Cao during the warlord's early struggle to expand his power. These included battles against Lü Bu, Liu Bei and remnants of the Yellow Turbans.

Yue Jin had also participated in the pivotal Battle of Guandu, in which Cao Cao pitched his forces against those of rival warlord, Yuan Shao. The battle had been dragging on for months when Cao Cao learned the whereabouts of the bulk his enemy's supplies, guarded by Chunyu Qiong. Bringing along Yue Jin, Cao Cao personally led a 5,000-strong mixed force of foot soldiers and horsemen and came for the enemy encampment under the cover of the night. Yue Jin again performed well in the encounter, single-handedly slaying Chunyu Qiong in battle.

After the eventual defeat and subsequent death of Yuan Shao, Cao Cao marched his troops northwards into Jizhou (冀州) and Youzhou (幽州) to stamp out Yuan Shao's heirs and supporters. Yue Jin earned much credit for himself in these expeditions and was promoted to General Who Breaks Conflicts (折冲将军).

After Cao Cao lost the Battle of Red Cliffs in 208, Yue Jin was left to guard Hefei alongside Zhang Liao and Li Dian. The three generals were forced to defend the city against the advances of the southern warlord Sun Quan and his 200,000 troops. Following a direct order from Cao Cao, Yue Jin remained behind to reinforced the city defense while Li Dian and Zhang Liao led a force of 800 men out to meet the enemy at Leisure Ford (逍遥津). The early attack served both to deter the enemy and to buy time for preparation against the ensuing siege, which eventually saw the retreat of the invaders. Yue Jin was promoted to General of the Right (右将军) for his contributions in the miraculous defense of Hefei.

Yue Jin eventually died in 218, but the cause was undocumented in historical records. He was given the posthumous title of Marquis Wei (威侯), literally meaning the awe-inspiring marquis. His son Yue Chen inherited his decisiveness and determination and was eventually promoted to governor of Yangzhou (杨州).

Yue Jin in Romance of the Three Kingdoms

The "Romance of the Three Kingdoms", a historical novel by Luo Guanzhong, was a romanticization of the events that occurred before and during the Three Kingdoms era. Yue Jin made his first appearance in Chapter 5, where he joined Cao Cao's camp when the latter was raising an army to join the coalition against Dong Zhuo, the tyrannical warlord who held the emperor hostage in the imperial court.

Unlike historical records, however, Luo Guanzhong had Yue Jin killed in the midst of battle in Chapter 68, shortly after the Battle of Leisure Ford. This was probably because little about the last ten years of Yue Jin's life was documented in the first place.

According to the novel, during a confrontation with Wu troops along the shore of Ruxu River (濡须河), Yue Jin rode out to engage Ling Tong (凌统) in a duel. An arrow fired by Cao Xiu struck Ling Tong's horse, which in pain threw its rider off. Yue Jin was dashing forward to finish off his opponent when he was hit full in the face by an arrow fired by Wu general, Gan Ning.

References

*cite book|author=Chen Shou|title=San Guo Zhi|publisher=Yue Lu Shu She|year=2002|id=ISBN 7-80665-198-5
*cite book|author=Luo Guanzhong|title=San Guo Yan Yi|publisher=Yue Lu Shu She|year=1986|id=ISBN 7-80520-013-0
*cite book|author=Lo Kuan-chung; tr. C.H. Brewitt-Taylor|title=Romance of the Three Kingdoms|publisher=Tuttle Publishing|year=2002|id=ISBN 0-8048-3467-9

ee also

*Three Kingdoms
*Personages of the Three Kingdoms
*"Records of Three Kingdoms"
*"Romance of the Three Kingdoms"


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yue Jin — Yuè Jìn (chinesisch 樂進 / 乐进, † 218) war ein chinesischer General der Han Dynastie und zur Zeit der Drei Reiche. Er stammte aus der Yangping Kommandantur; über sein Leben, bevor er in Cao Caos Dienste trat, ist wenig bekannt. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yue Jin — (? – 218), (en chinois traditionnel : 樂進, en chinois simplifié : 乐进) fut un général militaire réputé pour sa petite stature mais aussi pour sa valeur et sa bravoure, il participa aux batailles contre Lü Bu, Liu Bei et reste connu pour… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dà yuè jìn — Der Große Sprung nach vorn (chin. 大躍進 / 大跃进, dà yuè jìn) war die offizielle Parole für die Politik der Volksrepublik China von 1958 bis Anfang 1962. Ziel war es, China zu einer wirtschaftlichen Großmacht zu machen, was zur größten von Menschen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yue Lin — Chinese t=樂綝 s=乐綝Yue Chen (d.257) an officer of the Three Kingdoms Period that served under Wei. Yue Chen was the son of Yue Jin who was one of the five main generals of Wei. Yue Chen actively campaigned against Shu. During the insurrection of… …   Wikipedia

  • Jin Dynasty (265–420) — Jin Dynasty 晉朝 ←   ← …   Wikipedia

  • Jin Yue Hotel Nanchang (Nanchang) — Jin Yue Hotel Nanchang country: China, city: Nanchang (City) Jin Yue Hotel Nanchang Location Located in the heart of the city, Jin Yue Hotel Nanchang is close to Bayi Square and enjoys a very convenient transport link, with easy reach to most of… …   International hotels

  • Jin Yong — Jīn Yōng 金庸 (ca : Gàm Yùhng), de son vrai nom Zhā Liángyōng 查良鏞 (ca : Chàh Lèuhng yùhng) ou Louis Cha, né le 6 février 1924, est un auteur chinois de romans de cape et d épée à grand succès, dont plusieurs ont été adaptés en films ou… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yue peoples — Yue (traditional: or ; simplified: or ; pinyin: Yuè; Wade Giles: Yüeh4; Cantonese: Yuht; Vietnamese: ; also seen as Yueh or Yuet) refers to ancient semi Sinicized or non Sinicized peoples of southern China, originally those along the eastern… …   Wikipedia

  • Jin deui — Origin Alternative name(s) matuan, sesame ball Place of origin Chang an (now Xi an), Tang dynasty Ch …   Wikipedia

  • Jin (Staat) — Jin (chinesisch 晉 / 晋 Jìn) war ein antiker chinesischer Staat vom 11. Jahrhundert v. Chr. bis 453/403 v. Chr.. Sein Territorium befand sich auf dem Gebiet der heutigen Provinz Shanxi. Er war in der Zeit der Frühlings und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.