Caption = Brihaspati(Guru)
Name = Brihaspati
Devanagari = बृहस्पति
Grahaand Guruof the Devas
God_of = Jupiter and teaching
Mantra = Om Rim Guru e Namah
Mount = Elephant / chariot drawn by
Planet = Jupiter
Brihaspati (or Brahmanaspati) is the name of a
Vedic deity, personification of piety and religion, the chief offerer of prayers and sacrifices, represented as the Purohitaof the gods with whom he intercedes on behalf of humankind.
Hindu mythology, he is the guruof the Devas and the arch-nemesis of Shukracharya, the guru of the Danavas. He is also known as Ganapati"(leader of the group [of planets] )", and Guru"(heavy" and "teacher)", the god of wisdom and eloquence, to whom various works are ascribed, such as the Barhaspatya sutras.
He is described of yellow or golden colour and holding the following divine attributes: a stick, a lotus and beads. He presides over 'Guru-war' or Thursday. [Coleman, Charles. "Mythology of the Hindus", p. 133]
In astronomy he is the regent of
Jupiterand often identified with that planet.
Unlike a regular
Sanskrit compound, his name receives two accents in Vedic Sanskrit, "IAST|bṛ́has-páti" "lord of prayer", like "IAST|bráhmanas páti" "lord of prayer".
In Hindu mythology
Brihaspati is the son of
rishi Angirasaand Surupa according to the Shiva Purana. He has two brothers named Utathyaand Samvartana. He has three wives. His first wife Shubagave birth to Bhanumati, Raaka, Archishmati, Mahamati, Mahishmati, Sinivalli, and Havishmati, his seven daughters. His second wife Tara gives birth to seven sons and a daughter. Through his third wife Mamata, he has two sons, Kachaand Bharadwaja.
He attained his position as the preceptor of the Devas, by performing penances on the banks of
Prabhas Tirtha. Lord Shivagranted him this position, as well as his position as one of the Navagrahas(nine planets).
jyotisha(Hindu astrology), Brihaspati is the name for the planet Jupiter, which is one of the navagraha(cosmic influencers) or planets. It is also known as Guru, Cura and Devaguru. Brihaspati is considered to be the greatest benefic of any of the planets. Guru rules over the signs Dhanus (Sagittarius) and Meena (Pisces), he is exalted in Karka (Cancer) and in his fall in Makara (Capricorn). The Sun, Moon and Mars are considered friendly to Brihaspati, Mercury is hostile and Saturn is neutral.
Guru in Vedic astrology is considered to be of the element ether (space) or
Akasha Tattva(i.e. Akasha = Space/Sky/Aether; Tattva = Essence/Category/Truth). This indicates vastness, growth and expansion in a person's horoscope and life. Brihaspati also represents the balance of past karma, religion, philosophy, knowledge and issues relating to offspring. He is concerned with education, teaching and the dispensation of knowledge. Humans with Jupiter dominating in their horoscope could grow fat as life progresses and their empire and prosperity increases; and diabetes is an ailment directly related to Jupiter. According to traditional Hindu astrology, worship or propitiation of Brihaspati or Guru ( Jupiter) results in cure from ailments affecting the stomach and helps ward off sins.
Brihaspati is lord of three
nakshatras or lunar mansions: Punarvasu, Vishakhaand Purva Bhadrapada. The following items are associated with Brihaspati: his color is yellow, metal is gold and gemstone is yellow topaz. The season associated with him is winter (snow), direction is north-east and element is ether or space.
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