Kikuchi Dairoku

Kikuchi Dairoku
Dairoku Kikuchi

Born 17 March 1855(1855-03-17)
Edo, Japan
Died August 19, 1917(1917-08-19) (aged 62)
Tokyo, Japan
Citizenship Empire of Japan
Nationality Japan
Fields mathematics

Baron Dairoku Kikuchi (菊池 大麓 Kikuchi Dairoku?, March 17, 1855 – August 19, 1917) was a mathematician, educator, and educational administrator in Meiji period Japan.


Kikuchi's life and career

Kikuchi was born in Edo (present-day Tokyo), as the second son of Mitsukuri Shuhei. After attending the Bansho Shirabesho, the Shogunal institute for western studies, he was sent to Great Britain, in 1866, at age 11, the youngest of a group of Japanese sent by the Tokugawa shogunate to the University College School, on the advice of the then British foreign minister Edward Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby.

Kikuchi returned to England in 1870, and was the first Japanese student to graduate from the University of Cambridge (St. John's College) and the only one to graduate from the University of London in the 19th century.[1] His specialization was in physics and mathematics. In 1884 he attended the International Meridian Conference in Washington D.C.

After returning to Japan, Kikuchi later became President of Tokyo Imperial University, Minister of Education (1901–1903) and President of Kyoto Imperial University. His textbook on elementary geometry was the most widely used textbook in Japan until the end of World War II.

Kikuchi was made a baron under the kazoku peerage system in 1902, and was the eighth president of the Gakushūin Peers' School. He was also briefly the first President of the Science Research Institute of Japan (Rikagakukenkyusho or RIKEN, the equivalent of the Cavendish Laboratory at the University of Cambridge). He died in 1917.

Mitsukuri family

Kikuchi was a member of one of Japan's most distinguished and outstanding families of scholars, the Mitsukuri family, and at the centre of Japan's educational system in the Meiji Era. His grandfather had been a student of Dutch studies ("rangaku"). His father Mitsukuri Shuhei had taught at the Bansho-shirabesho (Institute for Investigating Barbarian Books). His children were famous scientists, and his grandson Minobe Ryōkichi became Governor of Tokyo.

See also


Japanese at Cambridge

Other Japanese who studied at the University of Cambridge after Kikuchi:

British contemporaries at Cambridge

British contemporaries of Kikuchi at the University of Cambridge:

References & further reading

  1. ^ Kikuchi, Dairoku Yasuyuki in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.. Venn also lists him under the name 'Dairoku, Yasu-Yuki Kikuchi'. In one case his birth-date is given as May 17, 1855; in the other as March 17, 1855.
  • Cobbing, Andrew. The Japanese Discovery of Victorian Britain. RoutledgeCurzon, London, 1998. ISBN 1-873410-81-6
  • Keane, Donald. Emperor Of Japan: Meiji And His World, 1852–1912. Columbia University Press (2005). ISBN 0-231-12341-8
  • 'Kikuchi Dairoku, 1855–1917: Educational Administrator and Pioneer of Modern Mathematical Education in Japan,' by Noboru Koyama, Chapter 7, Britain & Japan: Biographical Portraits Volume 5, Global Oriental 2005, ISBN 1-901903-48-6

External links

Academic offices
Preceded by
Ryohei Okada
President of Kyoto University
Succeeded by
Mitsuru Kuhara

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Kikuchi Dairoku — (jap. 菊池 大麓; * 17. März 1855 in Edo (heute: Tokio); † 19. August 1917 in Tokio) war ein japanischer Mathematiker, japanischer Kultusminister, Professor an der Kaiser …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kikuchi — Kikuchi, often written 菊池, can refer to:Several places in Japan: * Kikuchi, Kumamoto * Kikuchi River, Kumamoto * Kikuchi District, KumamotoA Japanese surname: * Kan Kikuchi * Kazuhito Kikuchi * Masami Kikuchi * Mika Kikuchi * Naoya Kikuchi *… …   Wikipedia

  • Kikuchi — bezeichnet eine japanische Stadt in der Präfektur Fukoka, siehe Kikuchi (Fukoka) eine japanische Stadt in der Präfektur Kumamoto, siehe Kikuchi (Kumamoto) Kikuchi Linien, die bei der Darstellung von Beugungsbildern an… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Seishi Kikuchi — (jap. 菊池 正士, Kikuchi Seishi; * 25. August 1902 in der Präfektur Tokio; † 12. November 1974) war ein japanischer Physiker, der als einer der Väter der Kernphysik[1] in Japan gilt und 1928 wichtige Experimente zur Elektronenbeugung durchführte.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Кикути Дайроку — 菊池 大麓 …   Википедия

  • Japanese students in the United Kingdom — The first Japanese students in the United Kingdom were sent in the nineteenth century by the Chōshū and Satsuma domains, then the Bakufu (Shogunate). Later many studied at Cambridge University and a smaller number at Oxford University until the… …   Wikipedia

  • Imperial Rescript on Education — The nihongo|Imperial Rescript on Education|教育ニ関スル勅語|Kyōiku ni Kansuru Chokugo was signed by Emperor Meiji of Japan on 30 October 1890 to articulate government policy on the guiding principals of education on the Empire of Japan. The 315 character …   Wikipedia

  • Famille Hatoyama — L ex Premier ministre du Japon, Yukio Hatoyama La famille Hatoyama (鳩山家, Hatoyama ke …   Wikipédia en Français

  • University of Tokyo — Infobox University name = The University of Tokyo native name = 東京大学 latin name = Universitas Tokiensis image size = 150px motto = established = 1877 type = Public (National) president = Hiroshi Komiyama city = Bunkyō state = Tokyo country =… …   Wikipedia

  • University College School — The Gower redirects here. For the geographical area of that name, see Gower Peninsula. University College School (UCS) Motto Paulatim sed firmiter (Steadily but surely) Established 1830 Type …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»