Swissmanufacturer and designer, is one of the world's largest manufacturers of cymbals, gongs, and metal percussion. Paiste is an Estonian/Finnish word which means "shine". The company's website indicates that "the correct pronunciation for 'Paiste' is 'Pie-stee', or as Mario Calireof Ozomatlisays, 'It rhymes with feisty'!", the word meaning "sunrise" in Estonia. That sunrise can be seen in the logos for their 2002 line and their Twenty line. Irish readers should note that paiste is not related to the similar Irish-language word, "páiste", pronounced pawsh-teh, meaning "child".
The first Paiste cymbals were produced in 1906 by
Estonian musician Toomas Paistein his instrument repair shop in Saint Petersburg, Russia, to customer orders. Toomas had served in the Czarist Guard, and retired in 1901 to open a music publishing business and music shop.
The cymbal making aspect of the business expanded with the passing years, despite the disruption of several moves necessitated by war, firstly to
Tallinnin Estoniain 1917, where Toomas' son Mihkel Paistedecided to concentrate on cymbal production and export. In 1940 the family and the cymbal making operation moved to Poland, where they continued under extremely difficult conditions, and in 1945 to Germany, and then in 1957 a new headquarters and production facility was established in Switzerland. The business was continued by Mihkel's sons Robert and Toomas, with both the Swiss and German operations as the main manufacturing centres.
New ideas by Paiste
Paiste has made several introductions to cymbal design and manufacture. Among these are:
*The Flat Ride. Basically a ride cymbal without a cup or bell. Originally designated as Space Sound in the Formula 602 line. Designed with
Joe Morello. Introduced in the 1960s.
*The Sound Edge Hi-Hat. To prevent airlock the bottom cymbal of the hi-hat pair has ripples along the edge. Introduced in 1967. Also applied to hand cymbal sets.
*The use of B8 bronze as a
cymbal alloy. Referred to by Paiste as "CuSn8" alloy or "2002 bronze". First introduced with the Stambul 65 series in 1965. Gained general acceptance with the Giant Beat and the 2002 series.
* 'Flat' bells. With the introduction of the Sound Creation Short Crash in 1975 Paiste was the first to make use of a flattened bell design.
*Unlathed cymbals. Introduced in 1980 as the RUDE series. Made from the B8 alloy unlathed cymbals were marketed towards louder music styles as punk and
*Inverted bell on China cymbal introduced in 1983 as the 2002 NOVO china type. Makes it easier to play ride and crash on a
*Colored cymbals Introduced in 1983.
*The Paiste Sound Alloy (Signature Bronze). A patented
cymbal alloyintroduced in 1989 with the Signature line. According to the patent, this alloy consists of phosphor bronzewith a 14.7% to 15.1% tin content by weight. It has been claimed by Paiste to be the first bronze alloy specifically developed for cymbals.
*Sonic Texture Formula. Introduced in 2001 with the Innovations series. A patented lathing technique to get a more complex sounding cymbal.
Many of these innovations were used by other manufacturers when the applicable patents expired. Almost all offer for example a Flatride cymbal.
Paiste makes several cymbal lines from several alloys. These include:
* 101 - Cymbals made from
Brass. Paiste's lowest end cymbal line. They are manufactured entirely by computer. Introduced in 2005
* 201 - Cymbals made from B8. Introductory level cymbals. They are manufactured entirely by computer. Introduced in 2005
* PST 3 - Brass cymbals; beginner level. Introduced in 2005.
* PST 5 - B8 cymbals (CuSn8); student/intermediate level cymbals. Introduced in 2005.
* Alpha - B8 cymbals (CuSn8); semi-professional cymbals. Introduced in 1991 and redesigned in 2006.
* Noise Works - An experimental line containing cymbal stacks for trashy sounds and mini hats.
* 2002 - Introduced in 1971. Made of B8 (CuSn8) and is regarded by many as the first fully professional series made from this alloy. Discontinued in 1986 but reintroduced in 1988 due to popular demand. Over the years the model line has changed significantly. Many types were introduced and discontinued. From 1994 to 1999 it also incorporated the RUDE series (2002 RUDE). From 2005 to 2006 the 2002 line included many models from the defunct Dimensions series of cymbals, but most of the Dimensions models have since been discontinued from the series.
* RUDE - Cymbals designed for loud and aggressive playing. They have no lathing and a raw finish. Crafted entirely by hand from B8 (CuSn8). Introduced in 1980. Discontinued in 1986 with the introduction of the 1000 RUDE and 3000 RUDE series. Incorporated from 1994 to 1999 in the 2002 line as 2002 RUDE. Reintroduced as RUDE in 1999.
* Giant Beat - Originally introduced in 1967 and discontinued in 1971, this series was reintroduced in 2005 as 18", 20", and 24" multi-purpose cymbals with 14" and 15" hi-hats. They share the same CuSn8 (B8) bronze as the 2002 series.
* Signature - Introduced in 1989. First cymbals created with Paiste's Signature Bronze, featuring an array of different sounds and looks suitable for any playing style.
* New Signature - Introduced in 2005. Made of Paiste Signature Bronze alloy. Paiste calls this line 'an elitist concept'. Mostly dark sounding cymbals.
* Traditionals - Introduced in 1996. Cymbals designed with older cymbals sounds from the 1940s and 50s in mind. Intended for musical styles as Swing and Blues. Consists mainly of lightweight designs. They are crafted from Paiste's proprietary "Signature Bronze" alloy.
* Twenty - Introduced at the winter
NAMM2007 as a basic lineup of hi-hat, ride, crashand china cymbals. Made out of Turkish B20 blanks.
Classic Paiste lines include:
*302, 402, 502, 802 popular budget level cymbals from the 1990s - early 2000s, in 1997 were enhanced sonically and received the plus-labeling and the addition of the 802. Discontinued in 2005 from the way of the new Paiste Sound Technology-, or PST-lines.
*Formula 602 series, made from B20 bronze, first released in 1957. These cymbals have a dedicated group of fans. Many examples of the heavier types still exist, but the paper-thin crashes are rare and almost priceless, other models vary between these extremes.
*101 series, different from current 101, beginner level cymbals made of
nickel silver, produced from 1974 to -79. Then another Brass version Discontinued In 2005, for a newer version
*404 series, beginner level CuSn8-cymbals, produced from 1974 to 1985.
*505 series, advanced student CuSn8-cymbals, produced from 1974 to 1985.
*200 series, advanced level cymbals made of brass, produced from 1986 to 1992.
*400 series, advanced student cymbals made of CuSn8 bronze, produced from 1986 to 1992. Was also available with COLORSOUND finishes.
*500 series, orchestral/marching cymbals made of CuSn8 bronze, produced from 1986 until the beginning of the 1990s. Was also available with COLORSOUND finishes.
*900 series, orchestral/marching cymbals made of CuSn8 bronze, produced from 1986 until the beginning of the 1990s. Was also available with COLORSOUND finishes.
** 1. semi-professional line made of CuSn8 bronze, produced from 1986 to 1992. Was also available in RUDE finish.
** 2. Series of orchestra/marching cymbals, also available in COLORSOUND finishes.
*2000 professional series made of CuSn8 bronze, produced from 1986 to 1995. Was also available with COLORSOUND and Sound Reflection finishes.
*3000 professional series made of CuSn8 bronze, produced from 1986 to 1994. Was also available with RUDE and Reflector finishes.
*Sound Formula, one of the first series to use Paiste's patented "Signature Alloy", which was at first known as "Sound Alloy" or "Sound Formula". Eventually absorbed by the "Signature" line. Was also available in Reflector finish from 1992 to 1996.
*COLORSOUND 5 series, professional CuSn8-cymbals, produced from appox. 1983 to 1986. Five colors were offered for visual appeal. Note: The COLORSOUND 5 cymbals are different than 400, 500, 900, 2000 and Visions cymbals even though they are colored, or have the COLORSOUND name attached.
*VISIONS series, professional level; Both "Signature Alloy" and CuSn8 alloy cymbals, produced in the early mid 90s. Were treated with COLORSOUND process. Offered in Black only. Designed for
*BRASSTONES, an entry level brass series introduced in the early 90s, discontinued in the mid-90s.
*Stanople, a mid-line series introduced in the 1960s, discontinued in the 1970s.
*Ludwig Standard, a mid-line series from the 1950s-70s produced for distribution by Ludwig Drums.
*Stambul, their old top-of-the-line cymbals, produced from 1932 to 1965 from NS12 nickel-bronze and later made of CuSn8 bronze.
*Zilko, a cymbal line made in the 50's second to Stambul.
*SOUND CREATION, top of the line professional bell bronze cymbals that were made alongside the 602 series starting in 1975 till the end of 80's.
*Dixie, entry level NS12 cymbals made in the 60's, later also offered in B8.
* Dimensions - This was considered a professional level cymbal which later merged in with the 2002 line. They were introduced in 1999 and are now discontinued.
* Innovations - This is a professional level cymbal line made with the 2002 bronze. They are mechanically pre-shaped, hand hammered, and lathed. Introducted in 2001, this line is now discontinued.
In addition, some Paiste cymbals are re-branded by drum manufacturers with their own brand name, for example Vader, Vader Rainbow etc.
Paiste also offers to color coat their cymbals and the possibility of custom orders. They also use prototype cymbals that sometimes appear in stores. So there are Paiste cymbals 'outside' of the here mentioned series.
History of Sound Creation line
It started with the Formula 602 "Dark Ride" cymbal in the early 70s. This cymbal was developed with
Jack DeJohnette. In 1975 Paiste introduced the Sound Creation as a cymbal line.
The first series in 1975 shows a small Paiste logo an inch away from the ride bells. Hi-Hats were "Dark Hi-Hat" and "Dark Sound Edge Hi-Hat", 10 types (rides etc) in total :
*Short Crash (18")
*Dark Crash (18", 20")
*Dark Ride (18", 20", 22")
*Bright Medium (18", 20")
*Bright Ride (18", 20")
*Mellow Ride (20")
*Dark China (18", 20", 22")
*Bell Ride (20", 22")
*Dark Hi-Hat (14")
*Dark Sound Edge Hi-Hat (14")
The 1979 series has the same small Paiste ink an inch away from bells. Hi-Hat models were as in the 1975 series, with the 10 types in that series and 6 additional cymbals (5 rides and china) available with factory rivets.
In 1984, the line and models partially change. The top ink logo changes, and the following models were added :
*Dark Medium Ride
*Dark Medium HH
*Dark Medium SE HH
*Dark Heavy HH
*Dark Heavy SE HH.
The Mellow Ride was discontinued. Also, 13" models were added to all Hi-Hats, and the Hi-Hats were changed to Medium and Heavy models, with the mediums lighter than the former regular models.)
The "New Dimension" were introduced in 1985, with different hammering patterns and lathing. Contrary to the old heavy and random hammering pattern in the Dark models, the hammering becomes more evenly spaced, except in the China, where the hammering turned very heavy and random, while in the former Dark China models the hammering was very light and regularly spread all over the cymbal.
The ND treatment was applied to these types : Dark Crash, Dark Ride, Dark Medium, Dark China, Short Crash, and Bell Ride.
Aside the cymbals meant for playing with a
drumsetPaiste also makes hand cymbals. These were listed as separate lines and in the existing lines. Current lines include:
* 502 Plus
* 302 Plus
Paiste makes its
gongsin the German factory. Paiste gongs are made from nickel silver. Current series include:
* Symphonic gongs available in sizes from 20" to 80".
* Planet gongs. These are like symphonic gongs but tuned to represent a natural harmonic series based on the orbital properties of the
Sun, the Earth, the Moonand the other planets as calculated by Hans Cousto. Available in sizes from 24" to 38".
* Sound Creation gongs. A series of 10 gongs each with its own character. Not to be confused with the planet gongs. Most models in the series are discontinued except for nrs 3, 8, 9 and 10. The models were:
** Nr. 1 Sun
** Nr. 2 Fire
** Nr. 3 Earth
** Nr. 4 Water
** Nr. 5 Peace
** Nr. 6 Moon
** Nr. 7 Fight
** Nr. 8 Head
** Nr. 9 Chest
** Nr. 10 Abdomen
* Accent gongs. More aggressive sounding gongs. Available in 7", 10", 13" and 22".
* Deco gongs. Small symphonic gongs. Available in 7", 10" and 13".
Paiste also made a line of tuned gongs and a tuned gong play that are now discontinued.
Paiste also makes a variety of metal percussion instruments. Among these are
* Sound plates. Rectangular plates from B8 bronze that sound church bell like when struck with a soft
* Sound discs. Round discs made from B8 bronze.
* Roto sounds. Round discs made from B8 mounted in revolving stand.
* Finger cymbals. Very small thick cymbals.
Joey Jordisonof Slipknot(2002-present)
Dani Löbleof Helloween(September 2008-present)
Dave Mackintoshof Dragonforce(2004-present)
Nicholas Barkerof Atrocity
Alex Gonzalezof Maná(since January 1983)
Rick Allenof Def Leppard(until 1984)
Tico Torresof Bon Jovi
Ringo Starrof The Beatles(Until 1963)
Jet Blackof The Stranglers
John Bonhamof Led Zeppelin
Tommy Aldridgeof Whitesnake, Ozzy Osbourne, Thin Lizzyetc
Alex Van Halenof Van Halen
Tommy Leeof Motley Crue(1982-2004)
David Silveriaof KoЯn
Chester Thompson, touring drummer for Genesis and Frank Zappa(1973-88)
Phil Collinsof Genesis (1973-81)
Prairie Princeof The Tubes
Don Henleyof Eagles
Nick Masonof Pink Floyd
*Roger Taylor of Queen
Dave Haleyof Psycroptic
Steve DiStanislaotouring drummer for David Gilmour
Barriemore Barlowof Jethro Tull
Mark Craneyof Jethro Tull
Doane Perryof Jethro Tull
Nicko McBrainof Iron Maiden(Nicko is also the official ambassadorfor Paiste)
Keith Moonof The Who
Kenney Jonesof The Facesand The Who(1969-81)
Carl Palmerof Emerson, Lake & Palmerand Asia
Phil Ruddof AC/DC(1975-83, 1994-Present)
Chris Sladeof David Gilmour, The Firm, AC/DC
Ian Paiceof Deep Purple
Dave Hollandof Judas Priest(1979-89)
Scott Travisof Judas Priest
*Mykill (Mike) Aresco original drummer of Lost Soul
Paul Werticoformerly of The Pat Metheny Group
Dave Lombardoof Slayer, Grip Inc.and Fantômas
Paul Bostaphof Exodus, Slayer, Forbidden, Systematic, Truth about Seafood
Tommy Portimoof Sonata Arctica
Stewart Copelandof The Police
Bill Brufordof King Crimson, Yes, Earthworks
Yuri Ruleyof MxPx
Joey Jordisonof Slipknot and Ministry
Jonny Chopsof Wednesday 13
Torstein Lofthusof Shining
Brad Wilkof Rage Against the Machineand Audioslave
Danny Careyof Tool
John Dolmayanof System of a Down
John Fellof Heroine Sheiks
Bill Ransom, Independent
Linda McDonald, The Iron Maidens
Marky Ramoneof the Ramones
Larry Mullen Jr.of U2
Jeff Plateof Trans-Siberian Orchestra(until 2008)
Johnny Fayof The Tragically Hip
Josh Freese- studio drummer, DEVO, The Vandals, A Perfect Circle
Charlie Benanteof Anthrax
*Niall Quinn of The Hitchers
Jukka Nevalainenof Nightwish
*Reidar 'Horgh' Horghagen of Immortal and Hypocrisy
Jeff Porcaroof Toto, Session
Meg Whiteof The White Stripes
Patrick Keelerof The Raconteurs
Dean Butterworthof Morrissey, Good Charlotte
George Schwindtof Flogging Molly
Richard Ploogformerly of The Church
Mikkey Deeof Motörheadand King Diamond
Keith Dof Arctic Sleep
Pedro Galindo, Independent
Chad Butler- Switchfoot
Gas Lipstickof HIM
* [http://www.paiste.com Paiste home page]
* [http://www.drum-world.com/Cymbals_manufacturer_Paiste_5.html Paiste in the Drumming Database]
* [http://www.paiste-only.com Un-Official Paiste discussion and drumming forum]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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