- Nuclear power in South Korea
The total electrical generation capacity of the nuclear power plants of South Korea is 18.5 GWe from 21 reactors. This is 29.5% of South Korea's total electrical generation capacity, but 45% of total electrical consumption. The South Korean nuclear power sector maintains capacity factors of over 95%.
Future plans for nuclear generation are for continued expansion to keep pace with the increasing demand for electricity and it increase nuclear's share of generation to 56%. Eleven more reactors are scheduled to come on stream in the period 2010 to 2021, adding 15.2 GWe in total. Construction is underway as of 2007[update].
Nuclear power research in South Korea is very active with projects involving a variety of advanced reactors, including a small modular reactor, a liquid-metal fast/transmutation reactor, and a high-temperature hydrogen generation design. Fuel production and waste handling technologies have also been developed locally. South Korea is also a member of the ITER nuclear fusion research project.
South Korea is seeking to export its nuclear technology, with a goal of exporting 80 nuclear reactors by 2030. As of 2010[update], South Korean companies have reached agreements to build a research reactor in Jordan, and four APR-1400 reactors in the United Arab Emirates. They are also pursuing opportunities in Turkey and Indonesia, as well as in India and the People's Republic of China.
Despite the March 2011 Fukushima nuclear accident, South Korea remains a strong supporter of nuclear power. In October 2011, South Korea reconfirmed its position as a strong supporter of nuclear power with the hosting of a series of events to raise public awareness. The events were coordinated the Korea Nuclear Energy Promotion Agency (KONEPA) and included the participation of the French Atomic Forum (FAF); the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); as well as public relations and information experts from countries that utilize or plan to utilize nuclear power. 
Minae Kwon of KIS joined the International Atomic Energy Agency in 1957 and made immediate efforts to benefit from nuclear power, since fossil fuel resources available in the country are very limited. In 1962, Korea's first research reactor achieved criticality.
The first generation of nuclear plants in South Korea was built almost entirely by foreign contractors. Since then, the domestic industry has advanced significantly. A Korean Standardized Nuclear Plant (KSNP) has been developed together with local manufacturing expertise. The KSNP design is somewhat derivative of Combustion Engineering (now Westinghouse Electric Company) reactors; a legacy of past joint venture work. Since 1995 nuclear plants in South Korea have been built using 95% or more indigenous technology. Korea plans to become fully self-sufficient in terms of nuclear technology by 2012. Korea was the first country to open a nuclear safety school.
In early 2010, South Korea won its first export order; four APR-1400 reactors for the United Arab Emirates. The chief of the United Arab Emirates' energy corporation said, "We were impressed with the KEPCO (Korea Electric Power Corp) team's world-class safety performance and its demonstrated ability to meet the UAE's program goals." Today, South Korea has some of the world’s most efficient and cutting-edge nuclear power plant designs. The APR-1400 has a 40 percent higher capacity than the previous model and many new safety features. According to the South Korean Ministry for a Knowledge Economy, the APR-1400's fuel costs are 23 percent lower than France-based Areva’s EPR, known to be the most advanced nuclear power plant in the world. The government is also planning development of a new nuclear plant design, which will have 10 percent higher capacity and a safety rating better than the APR-1400. South Korea’s nuclear power plants currently are operating at a rate of 93.4 percent, higher than the comparable U.S. operation rate of 89.9 percent, France's 76.1 percent, and Japan's 59.2 percent. South Korean nuclear plants have repeatedly recorded the lowest rate of emergency shutdowns in the world, a record due in large part to highly standardised design and operating procedures. The APR-1400 is designed, engineered, built and operated to meet the latest international regulatory requirements concerning safety, including those for aircraft impact resistance.
Korea Electric Power (KEPCO) was the sole electric power utility from 1961 to 2001. After KEPCO was split into multiple companies, Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power inherited the nuclear business. Doosan is a critical heavy industry company that has won contracts to supply reactor vessels, steam generators, and integrated head packages for the four AP1000 plants to be built in the People's Republic of China. Korea Heavy Industries and Construction has also had a history of supplying components for nuclear power plants and has recently been designated by the government for the manufacture of nuclear power plants and components.
The Korean Atomic Research Institute (KAERI) is a government funded research organization.
The Korea Power Engineering Company, Inc.(KOPEC) engages in design, engineering, procurement and construction of nuclear power plants.
The Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS) functions as the nuclear regulatory body of South Korea.
South Korea has a relatively small number of nuclear generating stations, only four, but each station houses four or more units, and three sites have more reactors planned. Thus Korea's nuclear power production is slightly more centralized than most nuclear power nations. Housing multiple units at each site allows more efficient maintenance and lower costs, but reduces grid efficiencies. Some of the Wolsong reactors are Pressurized Heavy Water (PHWR) reactors with designs based on Canadian CANDU technology.
Breakdown by site Plant Town Province Primary Technology Current Capacity Planned Capacity Kori Gijang Busan PWR 4137 7937 Ulchin Uljin Gyeongbuk PWR 5900 8700 Wolsong Gyeongju Gyeongbuk PHWR/PWR 2779 4779 Yeonggwang Yeonggwang Jeonnam PWR 5900 5900 Breakdown by Reactor Reactor Type Rating, MWe Start of Operations Kori-1 PWR 587 1978 Kori-2 PWR 650 1983 Kori-3 PWR 950 1985 Kori-4 PWR 950 1986 Ulchin-1 PWR 950 1988 Ulchin-2 PWR 950 1989 Ulchin-3 KSNP 1000 1998 Ulchin-4 KSNP 1000 1999 Ulchin-5 KSNP 1000 2004 Ulchin-6 KSNP 1000 2005 Wolsong-1 CANDU 679 1983 Wolsong-2 CANDU 700 1997 Wolsong-3 CANDU 700 1998 Wolsong-4 CANDU 700 1999 Yeonggwang-1 PWR 950 1986 Yeonggwang-2 PWR 950 1987 Yeonggwang-3 System 80 1000 1995 Yeonggwang-4 System 80 1000 1996 Yeonggwang-5 KSNP 1000 2002 Yeonggwang-6 KSNP 1000 2002 Shin Kori 1 OPR-1000 1000 2011 Shin Kori 2 OPR-1000 1000 2011 (Under trials) Shin Wolsong 1 OPR-1000 1000 2012 (Under trials) Shin Wolsong 2 OPR-1000 1000 2013 (Under trials) Shin Kori 3 APR-1400 1400 2013 (Under trials) Shin Kori 4 APR-1400 1400 2014 (Under construction) Shin Ulchin 1 APR-1400 1400 2015 (Planned) Shin Ulchin 2 APR-1400 1400 2016 (Planned) Shin Kori 5 APR-1400 1400 2018 (Planned) Shin Kori 6 APR-1400 1400 2019 (Planned) Shin Ulchin 3 APR-1400 1400 2020 (Planned) Shin Ulchin 4 APR-1400 1400 2021 (Planned)
- Aerojet General Nucleonics Model 201 Research Reactor
- HANARO, MAPLE class reactor
- TRIGA General Atomics Mark II (TRIGA-Mark II) Research Reactor
- KSTAR Reactor
- "Nuclear Power in Korea". Information Papers. World Nuclear Association (WNA). 18 March 2010. http://world-nuclear.org/info/inf81.html. Retrieved 2010-03-23.
- "Korea, Republic of: Nuclear Power Reactors - By Status". Power Reactor Information System (PRIS). International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). http://www.iaea.org/cgi-bin/db.page.pl/pris.powrea.htm?country=KR&sort=Reactor.Status,&sortlong=By%20Status. Retrieved 2010-03-23.
- Nuclear Transparency in the Asia Pacific: Nuclear reactor maps: Korea
- ^ Stott, David Adam (March 22, 2010). "South Korea’s Global Nuclear Ambitions". The Asia-Pacific Journal. http://japanfocus.org/-David_Adam-Stott/3322. Retrieved 2010-03-23.
- ^ KL and Seoul to work together on Nuclear Energy 11 December 2010
- ^ Korea, Junotane (October 22, 2011). "Korea reconfirms strong support for nuclear power". Junotane. http://junotane.com/2011/10/23/korea-reconfirms-strong-support-for-nuclear-power/. Retrieved 2011-10-22.
- ^ a b c d e f Why is the U.A.E. nuclear plant deal so important? January 09, 2010. JoongAng Ilbo
- ^ Korea Opens World´s First Nuclear Safety School 29 January 2008. IAEA
- ^ KEPCO wins UAE civil nuclear bid, Nuclear Engineering International, 4 January 2010, http://www.neimagazine.com/story.asp?storyCode=2055052, retrieved 2010-01-19
- ^ a b Abu Dhabi power plant will have higher safety standards January 25, 2010. The National, Abu Dhabi Media
- ^ SKorea unveils test reactor in search of limitless energy September 15, 2007. Sydney Herald
- ^ Korea a Step Closer to Ultimate Energy Source 07-15-2008. koreatimes
- ^ http://joongangdaily.joins.com/_data/photo/2010/07/15213630.jpg
Economy of South Korea History Currency Industry and business Government agencies Employment and tax Infrastructure and transport Rankings
- International rankings
- Regions by GDP
Finance and banking Agreements
- Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement
- South Korea-Peru Free Trade Agreement
- European Union
- United States
- National RD&D Organisation for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Programme
- Nuclear power
- Nuclear research programs
OtherSee also: Economy of North Korea Nuclear power by country GWe > 10 GWe > 2 GWe > 1 GWe < 1 Planned Phasing-out Opposed Nuclear energy in Asia Sovereign
- Burma (Myanmar)
- People's Republic of China
- East Timor (Timor-Leste)
- North Korea
- South Korea
- Saudi Arabia
- Sri Lanka
- United Arab Emirates
States with limited
- Northern Cyprus
- Republic of China (Taiwan)
- South Ossetia
- Christmas Island
- Cocos (Keeling) Islands
- Hong Kong
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