Recognition


Recognition

Recognition (re+cognition) is a process that occurs in thinking when some event, process, pattern, or object "recurrs". Thus in order for something to be recognized, it must be familiar. This "recurrence" allows the recognizer to more properly react, survival value.

When the recognizer has correctly responded, this is a measure of understanding. For example, when some animals have never seen a human being before, they do not hide and they show no fear; but when they learn that a human being may be a , they may emit distress cries, flee or hide.

Even non-mammals can recognize when a situation signals danger, and will flee or hide. Baby spiders will flee when a mother spider sends a sharp pulse along the spider web. A male spider will gently poke a female spider's web to assess whether it is without being killed himself.

In philosophy, recognition became very important in Hegel's attempt at understanding the emergence of self-consciousness. Lack of recognition can also be attributed as alienation and it was this aspect of Hegel's work that Marx elaborated upon. The importance of recognition for Hegel is seen in his myth of the master-slave dialectic.

Recognition, in molecular biology and immunology, refers to the process for an enzyme or antibody to find its target, a specific short nucleotide or protein sequence. The sequence therefore is called recognition sequence or recognition site in DNA, or epitope in protein.

See also

* Epitope
* Face perception
*
* Pattern recognition
* Recognition of human individuals
* Recognition of qualification
* Recognition sequence
* Recognition site
* Voice recognition

External links

* [http://www.rybak-et-al.net/vnc.html " Behavioral Model of Visual Perception and Recognition"] by I.A. Rybak et al.


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  • recognition — rec‧og‧ni‧tion [ˌrekəgˈnɪʆn] noun [uncountable] 1. MARKETING when people know who a person is or what something is, or know something about them as soon as they see them or hear their name: • We are bigger than most companies and our name… …   Financial and business terms

  • récognition — [ rekɔgnisjɔ̃; rekɔɲisjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1842; « examen » 1771; « confession » 1430; lat. recognitio « revue, inspection » ♦ Philos. Acte de l esprit qui reconnaît (une chose) en identifiant. ● recognition nom féminin Littéraire. Reconnaissance,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • recognition — rec·og·ni·tion /ˌre kəg ni shən/ n 1: the act, process, or fact of recognizing 2: the state of being recognized Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • Recognition — Rec og*ni tion (r[e^]k [o^]g*n[i^]sh [u^]n), n. [L. recognitio: cf. F. recognition. See {Recognizance}.] The act of recognizing, or the state of being recognized; acknowledgment; formal avowal; knowledge confessed or avowed; notice. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • recognition — recognition, identification, assimilation, apperception are comparable when they designate a form of cognition which relates a perception of something new to knowledge already acquired. Recognition implies that the thing now perceived (as by… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • recognition — recognition; un·recognition; …   English syllables

  • recognition — [n1] identification, acknowledgment acceptance, acknowledging, admission, allowance, apperception, appreciation, apprehending, assimilation, avowal, awareness, cognizance, concession, confession, consciousness, detection, discovery, double take* …   New thesaurus

  • recognition — ► NOUN 1) the action of recognizing or the process of being recognized. 2) appreciation or acknowledgement. 3) (also diplomatic recognition) formal acknowledgement by a country that another political entity fulfils the conditions of statehood …   English terms dictionary

  • recognition — [rek΄əg nish′ən] n. [L recognitio < recognitus, pp. of recognoscere: see RECOGNIZANCE] 1. a) a recognizing or being recognized; acknowledgment; admission, as of a fact b) acknowledgment and approval, gratitude, etc. [in recognition of her… …   English World dictionary

  • Recognition — (v. lat.), 1) Wiedererkennung, Anerkennung; 2) die vor Gericht od. einem Notar geschehene Anerkennung einer Sache od. Person für dasjenige, für was sie ausgegeben worden ist; im Civilproceß bes. von der Anerkennung von Urkunden gebraucht, s. u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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