The Epipaleolithic is a term used for the "final Upper Palaeolithic industries occurring at the end of the final glaciation which appear to merge technologically into the
Mesolithic". [Bahn, Paul, "The Penguin Archaeology Guide", Penguin, London, pp. 141. ISBN 0-14-051448-1]
The term is sometimes confused with
Mesolithic, and the two are sometimes used as synonyms. Yet, when a distinction is made, Epipaleolithic is used for those cultures that were not much affected by the ending of the Ice Age (like the Natufianculture of Western Asia [ [http://search.eb.com/eb/article-10760 agriculture, origins of] . (2008). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved April 10, 2008, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online.] ) and the term Mesolithic is reserved for Western Europe where the extinction of the Megafaunahad a great impact of the paleolithic populations at the end of the Ice Age (like European post-glacial cultures: Azilian, Sauveterrian, Tardenoisian, Maglemosian, etc.).
The term is some times used in the opposite meaning, Alfonso Moure says in this respect:
"In the language of Prehistorical Archaeology, the most extended trend is to use the term "Epipaleolithic" for the industrial complexes of the post-glacial hunter-gatherer groups. Inversely, those that are in transitional ways towards artificial production of food are inscribed in the "Mesolithic" [A. Moure "El Origen del Hombre", 1999. ISBN 84-7679-127-5]
hunter-gatherers made relatively advanced tools made from small flintor obsidianblades, known as microliths that were hafted in wooden implements. They were generally nomadic.
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Epipaleolithic — /ep euh pay lee euh lith ik, pal ee /, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the human cultures existing at the end of the Paleolithic and the beginnings of the Mesolithic periods of the Stone Age. [1920 25; EPI + PALEOLITHIC] * * * … Universalium
Epipaleolithic — 1. adjective Mesolithic 2. noun The Mesolithic period … Wiktionary
epipaleolithic — epi·paleolithic … English syllables
Epipaleolithic — noun middle part of the Stone Age beginning about 15,000 years ago • Syn: ↑Mesolithic Age, ↑Mesolithic • Instance Hypernyms: ↑time period, ↑period of time, ↑period • Part Holonyms: ↑Ston … Useful english dictionary
Microlith — For the catalytic reactor, see Microlith (catalytic reactor). Backed edge bladelet A microlith is a small stone tool usually made of flint or chert and typically a centimetre or so in length and half a centimetre wide. It is produced from either… … Wikipedia
Mesolithic — microliths The Mesolithic The Epipaleolithic This box … Wikipedia
agriculture, origins of — Introduction the active production of useful plants or animals in ecosystems that have been created by people. Agriculture has often been conceptualized narrowly, in terms of specific combinations of activities and organisms wet rice production… … Universalium
Neve David — is an Early Epipaleolithic site located at the foot of the western slope of the Mount Carmel hills in northern Israel. It was inhabited in the later part of the Early Epipaleolithic, about 15,000–13,000 BC. Today, the Neve David site is just… … Wikipedia
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Neolithic — An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. Neolithic stone implements are by definition polished and except for specialty items not chipped. The Neolithic … Wikipedia