- Z Application Assist Processor
System zApplication Assist Processor (zAAP), previously known as the zSeriesApplication Assist Processor, is a mainframe processor introduced by IBMin 2004. zAAP engines ["Engine" is the common name for a primary mainframe CPU. Mainframes contain numerous secondary assist processors, so the use of "engine" to refer to a primary workload processor is an attempt to avoid confusion with these I/O, network, and other assist processors.] are dedicated to running specific Java and XMLworkloads under z/OS, accelerating performance. zAAPs are available for zSeries 990 and 890 servers and all System z9and System z10servers.
Currently a zAAP engine contains the same underlying hardware as any other mainframe engine. However, IBM uses
microcodeto limit code execution to Java and XML workloads only. As with Integrated Facility for Linux(IFL) and zIIP, zAAPs are not specifically optimized to run Java faster or better. IBM does not change the "software model" or MSU rating on its mainframes with the installation of zAAPs. Consequently IBM's customers do not incur software license charges for their zAAPs, reducing their costs of running Java- and XML-oriented applications. The number of zAAPs cannot exceed the number of central processors (CPs, general purpose engines) within a zSeries/z9 machine.
IBM made the zAAP feature (i.e. the microcode) generally available on June 30, 2004, although the required z/OS release was not generally available until September 24, 2004. zAAPs work with z/OS V1R6 and higher, and Java 1.4.1 and higher. IBM modified the z/OS dispatcher and
Workload Manager(WLM) to switch pure Java workload to the dedicated engines. These modifications are completely transparent to Java applications. However, because Java must at least occasionally call native system services ( I/Oservices, for example), some conventional processor (CP) capacity must be available to initiate and sustain a zAAP engine. Major software subsystems that could benefit from zAAP (i.e. that rely on Java workloads) include WebSphereApplication Server, WebSphere Business Integration Server Foundation, WebSphere Process Server, WebSphere Message Broker, DB2, CICS Transaction Server, CICS Transaction Gateway, IMS, and (JZOS and z/OS UNIX System Services) Batch, among others. In 2007, IBM added zAAP support to the XML System Services for z/OS, so now products such as DB2 9 for z/OS can also take advantage of zAAPs for XML-related processing.
The first commercial production workload for zAAP began on September 1, 2004, at an undisclosed Midwestern U.S. insurance company performing claims processing. The company used Java 1.4.2,
WebSphereApplication Server Version 5.1, and a near-final z/OS V1R6 build on a zSeries 990 (2084-304/A08 with two zAAPs). This deployment is probably a mainframe record for speed of both development and adoption, since IBM only began its zAAP design project in 2003.
zAAP is not the first processor dedicated to a specific
programming languageor even to Java, although the common chip design differing only in microcode makes it unusual.fact|date=October 2007 Other examples of Java processors include aJile Systems' [http://www.ajile.com/products/aj100.htm aJ-100] and Sun's picoJava, both of which have Java-specific circuitry and microcode that run Java substantially faster than on a conventional processor with similar circuit timings. zAAP is apparently unique to large-scale commercial Java processing.
* [http://www.ibm.com/eserver/zseries/zaap IBM zAAP]
Integrated Facility for Linux(IFL)
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