- Edward Colston
name = Edward Colston
residence = Mortlake
imagesize = 200px
2 November 1636
11 October 1721
Edward Colston (
2 November 1636– 11 October 1721) was a Bristol-born English merchantand philanthropist. Much of his wealth, although used often for generous purposes, was acquired through the trade and exploitation of slaves.
He was born
2 november 1636in Temple Street, Bristol, the eldest of at least eleven children. His parents were William Colston, a prosperous merchant and Sarah ("née" Batten). He was brought up in Bristol until the time of the English Civil War, when he probably lived for a while on his father's estate in Winterbourne, south Gloucestershire. The family then moved to Londonwhere Edward may have been a pupil at Christ's Hospital.
He was apprenticed to the
Mercers Companyfor eight years and by 1672 was shipping goods from London. He built up a lucrative business, trading with Spain, Portugal, Italyand Africa. In 1680, Colston became a member of the Royal African Company, which had held the monopoly in Britain on gold, ivoryand slave trading since 1662.
His parents had resettled in Bristol and in 1682 he made a loan to the Corporation, the following year becoming a member of the
Society of Merchant Venturersand a burgessof the City. In 1684 he inherited his brother's mercantile business in Small Street, and was a partner in a sugar refinery in St. Peter's Churchyard; shipping sugar from St. Kitts. But he was never resident in Bristol, carrying on his London business from Mortlakein Surreyuntil he retired in 1708.
almshouses in King Street and on St. Michaels Hill, endowed Queen Elizabeth's Hospitalschool and helped found Colston's School, which opened in 1710 leaving an endowment to be managed by the Society of Merchant Venturers for its upkeep. He gave money to schools in Temple and other parts of Bristol, and to several churches and the cathedral. He was a strong Toryand high-churchman, and was returned as Member of Parliament(MP) for Bristol in 1710 for just one parliament.
11 October 1721at his home in Mortlake. His body was carried back to Bristol and was buried at All Saints Church. His tomb was designed by James Gibbs. [cite web | title=Church of All Saints | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=379381 | accessdate=2007-03-16]
Colston and Bristol today
A statue, designed by John Cassidy, was erected in the centre of Bristol in 1895 commemorating Colston. [cite web | title=Edward Colston | work=PMSA National Recording Project | url=http://pmsa.cch.kcl.ac.uk/BL/BR09.htm | accessdate=2007-05-09] He was widely viewed as an inspirational figure for the city, due to his donations of money to schools and other causes. His name permeates the city in such landmarks as
Colston Tower, Colston Hall, Colston Hill, Colston Street, Colston Parade, Colston's Girls' Schooland Colston's School. He is also remembered, particularly in schools, by Colston's Day, on 13 November.
Colston is a controversial figure these days in Bristol. In the 1990s, public knowledge of his participation in the slave trade grew. Bristol band
Massive Attackrefused to play at Colston Hall, and his statue has been repeatedly defaced and vandalised most recently with trickles of deep red paint being poured at his feet.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Edward Colston — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Edward Colston Edward Colston (2 de noviembre de 1636 11 de octubre de 1751) era mercader y filántropo. Fue el hijo mayor de los once que tuvo el próspero mercader Wiliam Colston. Trabajó en compañías comerciales en… … Wikipedia Español
Edward Colston — (2 de noviembre 1636 11 de octubre 1751) era mercader y filántropo. Fue el hijo mayor de los once que tuvo el póspero mercader Wiliam Colston. Trabajó en compañías comerciales en Londres realizando lucrativos negocios con España , Portugal y… … Enciclopedia Universal
Edward Colston (MP) — Edward Colston (after 1672 ndash; 5 April 1719) was Member of Parliament (MP) for Wells in Somerset from 1708 to 1713. References *Rayment hc … Wikipedia
Edward Colston (disambiguation) — Edward Colston may refer to:*Edward Colston (1637 ndash;1721), English merchant and philanthropist *Edward Colston (MP) (c. 1672 ndash;1719), English Member of Parliament *Edward Colston (U.S. Representative) (1786 ndash;1852), U.S.… … Wikipedia
Edward Colston (U.S. Representative) — Edward Colston (December 25, 1786 April 23, 1852) was a U.S. Representative from Virginia.Born near Winchester, Virginia, Colston studied under private teachers, and was graduated from Princeton College in 1806.He studied law.He was admitted to… … Wikipedia
Raleigh Edward Colston — Raleigh Edward Colston, (* 31. Oktober 1825 in Paris, Frankreich; † 29. Juli 1896 in Richmond, Virginia), war ein Brigadegeneral der Konföderierten Armee im Sezessionskrieg. Colson wurde in Paris als Sohn amerikanischer Eltern aus Virginia… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Colston Hall — Engraving of the exterior, from 1873 … Wikipedia
Colston's School — Motto Go and do thou likewise Established 1710 Type Independent Headmaster Peter Fraser … Wikipedia
Colston — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Edward Colston (1637–1721), englischer Kaufmann und Philanthrop Marques Colston (* 1983), US amerikanischer Footballspieler Raleigh Edward Colston (1825–1896), US amerikanischer Brigadegeneral der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Colston (surname) — Colston is a surname, and may refer to: Edward Colston, British merchant Mal Colston, Australian politician Raleigh E. Colston, Confederate general in the Civil War Marques Colston, American football player Charles Colston, 1st Baron Roundway… … Wikipedia