Garmon


Garmon

Infobox Instrument
name=Garmon


classification=Free reed aerophone
range=
related=
*Accordion
musicians=
builders=
articles=

The garmon ( _ru. гармонь) is a kind of Russian button accordion, a free-reed wind instrument. A garmon has two rows of buttons on the right side, which play the notes of a diatonic scale, and at least two rows of buttons on the left side, which play the primary chords in the key of the instrument as well as its relative harmonic minor key. Many instruments have additional right-hand buttons with useful accidental notes, additional left-hand chords for playing in related keys, and a row of free-bass buttons, to facilitate playing of bass melodies.

The garmons can be of two major classes: unisonoric, meaning that each button plays the same note or chord when the bellows is being expanded as it does when compressed, and bisonoric, in which the note depends on the direction of the bellowswork. Examples of unisoniric type are livenka (ливенка, after Livny, Oryol Oblast) [ [http://culturemap.ru/region/93/article.html?topic=13&subtopic=44&id=921 Livenka] ru icon] and Khromka ( _ru. Хромка, for "chromatic"). Bisonoric garmons are, e.g., Tula accordion ( _ru. Тульская гармонь, after Tula) and talyanka (тальянка, "Italian")

The garmon is also known by the names garmoshka ( _ru. гармошка) and garmonika ( _ru. гармоника) .

The garmon is an important musical instrument for Azeri and Hamshen folk and popular music.Fact|date=April 2008

Keyboard arrangement

Although reduced and expanded versions are widely available, the standard arrangement (known as "25 × 25") is as follows:
*25 treble buttons in two rows: Three diatonic octaves plus three accidentals.
*25 bass buttons in three rows: Two rows of eight buttons, with bass notes and chords; one free-bass row.

The treble keyboard is arranged so that a scale may be played by alternating between the two rows. The low and high octaves have identical fingering, while the middle octave differs. The three accidental notes are arranged so as to mirror the position of the left-hand chords that contain them.

order; the principal chords for the harmonic minor key are in the middle row; free bass notes are in the inner row. One free bass accidental note is included.

Some Garmons (often seen in Azeri music,) have a small right-hand piano keyboard and a unique bass keyboard of buttons laid out similar to piano keys. One row of buttons plays the "white" notes, while another row of "black" buttons has spaces mirroring the pattern of sharps and flats on the right-hand piano keys. [http://www.nardingallery.blogspot.com/ The Nardin Gallery,] has pictures and videos of these.Fact|date=April 2008

Garmoni

Garmoni(accordion) can hardly be considered a Georgian folk instrument. It came to Georgia from Europe, namely, from Russia in the 1830s and immediately became popular among folk musicians. It is especially popular in Tusheti, where it is used as an accompanying instrument (together with vocals) and also as a solo instrument.

Buzika

Buzika is a kind of small accordion that is widespread especially among the mountain inhabitants of Georgia. Georgian accordion with its timbre does not sound like other countries’ accordions. It is considered to be women’s instrument and that is why a bride was often presented with Buzika at the time of engagement. It was widely used during the national holidays, merriments, and different parties. Consequently, Buzika’s repertoire mainly consists of song and dance melodies. Buzika was often used for performing solo melodies, but sometimes it was played in an ensemble with “Doli” (a drum), “Daira”, “Diplipito” and “Panduri”. Its sound is in good voice of Duduki, Salamuri, Panduri.

Tsiko-Tsiko

Tsiko-tsiko came to Georgia from Europe in the 1830s. Tsiko-Tsiko mainly accompanies dances.

ee also

*Music of Central Asia

References

External links

* [http://squeezebox.wikia.com Squeezebox] , an open repository of squeezebox knowledge on Wikia.
*http://www.hangebi.ge/garmonien.htm
* [http://www.nardingallery.blogspot.com/ The Nardin Gallery] , (from Iran) has many photos of rare Garmons and accordions.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Garmon — Das Garmon (russisch гармонь) ist eine russische Spielart des Knopfakkordeons. Die Harmoschka oder das Garmon ist auch noch als Tula Akkordeon (russisch: Тульская гармонь), Garmoschka (russisch: гармошка), Garmonika (russisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Garmon — This unusual and interesting name is of Anglo Saxon origin, and derives from an Old English pre 7th Century male personal name, Garmund , composed of the elements gar , spear, and mund , protection. The early medieval development of the name was… …   Surnames reference

  • St Garmon's Church, Llanfechain — St Garmon s Church, Llanfechain, from the southwest Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Capel Garmon — is a village near Betws y Coed in the county borough of Conwy, north Wales. It is situated high above the Conwy valley and commands views over Snowdonia. The village is known for the neolithic burial chamber nearby.The parish church at Capel… …   Wikipedia

  • St Garmon's Church, Capel Garmon — West end of St Garmon s Church, Capel Garmon, from the south Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Larry Mike Garmon — Infobox actor imagesize = caption = Larry Mike Garmon birthdate = birth date and age|1955|06|13 birthplace = Altus, Oklahoma deathdate = deathplace = birthname = Larry Michael Garmon othername = homepage = [http://larrymikegarmon.com Larry Mike… …   Wikipedia

  • Kelvin Garmon — Infobox NFLretired width= caption= position=Offensive guard number=61, 63 birthdate=birth date and age|1976|10|26 Fort Worth, Texas deathdate= debutyear=1999 finalyear=2004 draftyear=1999 draftround=7 draftpick=243 college=Baylor teams= * Dallas… …   Wikipedia

  • Capel Garmon — 53.072948 3.7657 Koordinaten: 53° 4′ 23″ N, 3° 45′ 57″ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • St Garmon's Church, Llanarmon-yn-Iâl — St Garmon s Church, Llanarmon yn Iâl, from the southeast Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Betws Garmon — infobox UK place country = Wales welsh name=Betws Garmon constituency welsh assembly= latitude= 53.080 longitude= 04.163 official name= Betws Garmon unitary wales= Gwynedd lieutenancy wales= Gwynedd constituency westminster= post town= CAERNARFON …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.